How to Handle Speciose Clades? Mass Taxon-Sampling as a Strategy towards Illuminating the Natural History of Campanula (Campanuloideae)
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{"title"=>"How to Handle Speciose Clades? Mass Taxon-Sampling as a Strategy towards Illuminating the Natural History of Campanula (Campanuloideae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Guilhem", "last_name"=>"Mansion", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506755698"}, {"first_name"=>"Gerald", "last_name"=>"Parolly", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602503306"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew A.", "last_name"=>"Crowl", "scopus_author_id"=>"55507594500"}, {"first_name"=>"Evgeny", "last_name"=>"Mavrodiev", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602326831"}, {"first_name"=>"Nico", "last_name"=>"Cellinese", "scopus_author_id"=>"14015291200"}, {"first_name"=>"Marine", "last_name"=>"Oganesian", "scopus_author_id"=>"55507786300"}, {"first_name"=>"Katharina", "last_name"=>"Fraunhofer", "scopus_author_id"=>"55508143100"}, {"first_name"=>"Georgia", "last_name"=>"Kamari", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507712645"}, {"first_name"=>"Dimitrios", "last_name"=>"Phitos", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505611061"}, {"first_name"=>"Rosemarie", "last_name"=>"Haberle", "scopus_author_id"=>"8787538200"}, {"first_name"=>"Galip", "last_name"=>"Akaydin", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602924678"}, {"first_name"=>"Nursel", "last_name"=>"Ikinci", "scopus_author_id"=>"16233813800"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Raus", "scopus_author_id"=>"35615803600"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Borsch", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603493990"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"366164734", "pmid"=>"23209646", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0050076", "sgr"=>"84870333471", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84870333471"}, "id"=>"0609d771-f224-3bc2-bd3d-b7880ea34e43", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Speciose clades usually harbor species with a broad spectrum of adaptive strategies and complex distribution patterns, and thus constitute ideal systems to disentangle biotic and abiotic causes underlying species diversification. The delimitation of such study systems to test evolutionary hypotheses is difficult because they often rely on artificial genus concepts as starting points. One of the most prominent examples is the bellflower genus Campanula with some 420 species, but up to 600 species when including all lineages to which Campanula is paraphyletic. We generated a large alignment of petD group II intron sequences to include more than 70% of described species as a reference. By comparison with partial data sets we could then assess the impact of selective taxon sampling strategies on phylogenetic reconstruction and subsequent evolutionary conclusions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Phylogenetic analyses based on maximum parsimony (PAUP, PRAP), Bayesian inference (MrBayes), and maximum likelihood (RAxML) were first carried out on the large reference data set (D680). Parameters including tree topology, branch support, and age estimates, were then compared to those obtained from smaller data sets resulting from \"classification-guided\" (D088) and \"phylogeny-guided sampling\" (D101). Analyses of D088 failed to fully recover the phylogenetic diversity in Campanula, whereas D101 inferred significantly different branch support and age estimates. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A short genomic region with high phylogenetic utility allowed us to easily generate a comprehensive phylogenetic framework for the speciose Campanula clade. Our approach recovered 17 well-supported and circumscribed sub-lineages. Knowing these will be instrumental for developing more specific evolutionary hypotheses and guide future research, we highlight the predictive value of a mass taxon-sampling strategy as a first essential step towards illuminating the detailed evolutionary history of diverse clades.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/handle-speciose-clades-mass-taxonsampling-strategy-towards-illuminating-natural-history-campanula-ca", "reader_count"=>37, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>1, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536227"], "description"=>"<p>The yellow box refers to the time span between the stem and crown node of <i>Campanula</i> s.lat. Clades are represented by triangles proportional in size to the number of included accessions. Gray triangles indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue triangles refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). White bars represent 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the respective node ages (blue: crow ages; white: stem ages). An asterisk indicates nodes for which CI could not be calculated. Ma = Mega Annuum or Million years; LOBE = Lobelioideae; CYPHI: Cyphioideae; CA-CYA: Campanuloideae-Cyanantheae; CA-WAH: Campanuloideae-Wahlenbergieae.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relatives", "inferred", "penalized-likelihood", "implemented", "dated", "fossil"], "article_id"=>206701, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chronogram_of_Campanula_and_relatives_D680_inferred_from_the_penalized_likelihood_method_implemented_in_r8s_and_dated_using_one_fossil_constraint_yellow_spiral_/206701", "title"=>"Chronogram of <i>Campanula</i> and relatives (D680) inferred from the penalized-likelihood method implemented in r8s, and dated using one fossil constraint (yellow spiral).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:51:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536398"], "description"=>"<p>BS = bootstrap, JK = jackknife, pp = posterior probability.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["respective", "phylogenetic", "analyses", "datasets"], "article_id"=>206875, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_the_respective_phylogenetic_analyses_for_the_three_datasets_D088_D101_and_D680_/206875", "title"=>"Characteristics of the respective phylogenetic analyses for the three datasets (D088, D101, and D680).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:54:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536346"], "description"=>"<p>LOBE = Lobelioideae; CYPHI: Cyphioideae; CA-CYA: Campanuloideae-Cyanantheae; CA-WAH: Campanuloideae-Wahlenbergieae. MP_BS = Bootstrap values obtained under the Maximum Parsimony criterion; MP_JK = Jackknife values obtained under the Maximum Parsimony criterion; BI = posterior probability values obtained under Bayesian Inference; ML_BS = Bootstrap values obtained under the Maximum Likelihood criterion; S = Stem node; C = Crown node.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["estimates", "clades", "discussed"], "article_id"=>206825, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Branch_support_and_age_estimates_for_selected_outgroups_sister_clades_and_main_Campanula_clades_CAM01_to_CAM17_discussed_in_this_study_/206825", "title"=>"Branch support and age estimates for selected outgroups, sister clades, and main <i>Campanula</i> clades (CAM01 to CAM17) discussed in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:53:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535704"], "description"=>"<p>Part of the cladogram showing detailed relationships for clades Cam05 to Cam12. Values below branches indicate bootstrap support for the sustained clades. Gray boxes indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue boxes refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). A blue dot indicates the crown node of <i>Campanula</i> s.lat. Pictures are representative specimens for clades Cam05 (<i>Campanula cymbalaria</i>), Cam06 (<i>Adenophora stricta</i>), Cam07 (<i>Campanula aizoon</i>), Cam08 (<i>Campanula fenestrellata</i>), Cam09 (<i>Campanula spatulata</i>), Cam10 (<i>Campanula ramosissima</i>), Cam11 (<i>Campanula raineri</i>), and Cam 12 (<i>Campanula Isophylla</i>). All photos from Guilhem Mansion, except Cam 05 (Nursel Inkici), Cam06 (Si-Feng Li), and Cam07 (Georgia Kamari & Dimitrios Phitos).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parsimony", "relatives"], "article_id"=>206184, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_Parsimony_Strict_consensus_tree_of_Campanula_and_relatives_D680_/206184", "title"=>"Maximum Parsimony Strict consensus tree of <i>Campanula</i> and relatives (D680).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:43:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535338"], "description"=>"<p>Clades have been transformed into triangles using the \"collapse\" option in TreeEdit. Gray triangles indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue triangles refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). Numbers below branches are the respective MP-jackknife (MP), posterior probability (BI), and ML-bootstrap (ML) values; numbers above branches are MP-bootstrap values (MP).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["respective", "phylogenetic", "trees", "inferred", "sampling", "parsimony", "bayesian", "inference"], "article_id"=>205812, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_respective_phylogenetic_trees_inferred_from_the_mass_sampling_MS_D680_using_Maximum_Parsimony_MP_Bayesian_inference_BI_and_Maximum_Likelihood_ML_/205812", "title"=>"Comparison of the respective phylogenetic trees inferred from the mass sampling (MS, D680), using Maximum Parsimony (MP), Bayesian inference (BI), and Maximum Likelihood (ML).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:36:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536056"], "description"=>"<p>Part of the cladogram showing detailed relationships for clade Cam17. Values below branches indicate bootstrap support for the sustained clades. Pictures are representative specimens for clade 17 (clockwise from upper left: <i>Campanula latifolia</i>, <i>C. incurva</i>, <i>C. spicata</i>, and <i>C. barbata</i>). All photos from Guilhem Mansion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parsimony", "relatives"], "article_id"=>206544, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_Parsimony_Strict_consensus_tree_of_Campanula_and_relatives_D680_/206544", "title"=>"Maximum Parsimony Strict consensus tree of <i>Campanula</i> and relatives (D680).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535475"], "description"=>"<p>Part of the cladogram showing detailed relationships for outgroup and sister lineages, and clades Cam01, <i>Jasione</i>-<i>Feeria</i>, and Cam02 to Cam04. Values below branches indicate bootstrap support for the sustained clades. Gray boxes indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue boxes refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). A blue dot indicates the crown node of <i>Campanula</i> s.lat. Pictures are representative specimens for clades Cam01 (<i>Campanula primuliifolia</i>), Cam02 (<i>Campanula exigua</i>), Cam03 (<i>Campanula persicifolia</i>), and Cam04 (<i>Legousia falcata</i>). All photos from Guilhem Mansion.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parsimony", "relatives"], "article_id"=>205960, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_Parsimony_Strict_consensus_tree_of_Campanula_and_relatives_D680_/205960", "title"=>"Maximum Parsimony Strict consensus tree of <i>Campanula</i> and relatives (D680).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:39:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535223"], "description"=>"<p>The circular cladogram represents the Maximum Parsimony strict consensus tree inferred from the mass sampling (MS, D680). Dotted lines (red) indicate accessions sampled for the classification-guided sampling (CS, D088). Asterisks refer to accessions sampled for the phylogeny-guided sampling (PS, D101). Blue dots indicate crown groups for the respective \"Cam\" clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). LOBE = Lobelioideae; CYPHI: Cyphioideae; CA-CYA: Campanuloideae-Cyanantheae; CA-WAH: Campanuloideae-Wahlenbergieae.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling"], "article_id"=>205706, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overview_of_the_sampling_strategy_/205706", "title"=>"Overview of the sampling strategy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:35:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535874"], "description"=>"<p>Part of the cladogram showing detailed relationships for clades Cam13 to Cam16. Values below branches indicate bootstrap support for the sustained clades. Gray boxes indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue boxes refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of <i>Campanula</i> (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). A blue dot indicates the crown node of <i>Campanula</i> s.lat. Pictures are representative specimens for clades Cam13 (<i>Campanula asperuloides</i>), Cam14 (<i>Campanula draboides</i>), Cam15 (<i>Azorina vidalii</i>), and Cam16 (<i>Campanula macrostyla</i>). All photos from Guilhem Mansion, except Cam13 (Georgia Kamari & Dimitrios Phitos) and Cam16 (Galip Akaydin).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parsimony", "relatives"], "article_id"=>206358, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maximum_Parsimony_Strict_consensus_tree_of_Campanula_and_relatives_D680_/206358", "title"=>"Maximum Parsimony Strict consensus tree of <i>Campanula</i> and relatives (D680).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/288714", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289048", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289433", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289688", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289784", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/289923", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290041", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290157", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290246", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290338", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290461", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290567", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290777"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Speciose clades usually harbor species with a broad spectrum of adaptive strategies and complex distribution patterns, and thus constitute ideal systems to disentangle biotic and abiotic causes underlying species diversification. The delimitation of such study systems to test evolutionary hypotheses is difficult because they often rely on artificial genus concepts as starting points. One of the most prominent examples is the bellflower genus <em>Campanula</em> with some 420 species, but up to 600 species when including all lineages to which <em>Campanula</em> is paraphyletic. We generated a large alignment of <em>petD</em> group II intron sequences to include more than 70% of described species as a reference. By comparison with partial data sets we could then assess the impact of selective taxon sampling strategies on phylogenetic reconstruction and subsequent evolutionary conclusions.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>Phylogenetic analyses based on maximum parsimony (PAUP, PRAP), Bayesian inference (MrBayes), and maximum likelihood (RAxML) were first carried out on the large reference data set (D680). Parameters including tree topology, branch support, and age estimates, were then compared to those obtained from smaller data sets resulting from “classification-guided” (D088) and “phylogeny-guided sampling” (D101). Analyses of D088 failed to fully recover the phylogenetic diversity in <em>Campanula</em>, whereas D101 inferred significantly different branch support and age estimates.</p> <h3>Conclusions/Significance</h3><p>A short genomic region with high phylogenetic utility allowed us to easily generate a comprehensive phylogenetic framework for the speciose <em>Campanula</em> clade. Our approach recovered 17 well-supported and circumscribed sub-lineages. Knowing these will be instrumental for developing more specific evolutionary hypotheses and guide future research, we highlight the predictive value of a mass taxon-sampling strategy as a first essential step towards illuminating the detailed evolutionary history of diverse clades.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["speciose", "taxon-sampling", "illuminating"], "article_id"=>116863, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Guilhem Mansion", "Gerald Parolly", "Andrew A. Crowl", "Evgeny Mavrodiev", "Nico Cellinese", "Marine Oganesian", "Katharina Fraunhofer", "Georgia Kamari", "Dimitrios Phitos", "Rosemarie Haberle", "Galip Akaydin", "Nursel Ikinci", "Thomas Raus", "Thomas Borsch"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050076.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>42, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/How_to_Handle_Speciose_Clades_Mass_Taxon_Sampling_as_a_Strategy_towards_Illuminating_the_Natural_History_of_Campanula_Campanuloideae__/116863", "title"=>"How to Handle Speciose Clades? Mass Taxon-Sampling as a Strategy towards Illuminating the Natural History of <em>Campanula</em> (Campanuloideae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-11-28 01:54:23"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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