Assessing the Genetic Influence of Ancient Sociopolitical Structure: Micro-differentiation Patterns in the Population of Asturias (Northern Spain)
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{"title"=>"Assessing the Genetic Influence of Ancient Sociopolitical Structure: Micro-differentiation Patterns in the Population of Asturias (Northern Spain)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Antonio F.", "last_name"=>"Pardiñas", "scopus_author_id"=>"35741635700"}, {"first_name"=>"Agustín", "last_name"=>"Roca", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005558836"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva", "last_name"=>"García-Vazquez", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007039888"}, {"first_name"=>"Belén", "last_name"=>"López", "scopus_author_id"=>"36059370100"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"366155934", "sgr"=>"84870278201", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23209673", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84870278201", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0050206"}, "id"=>"450a1242-d714-3f1b-bfe7-c9ad32fc83a3", "abstract"=>"The human populations of the Iberian Peninsula are the varied result of a complex mixture of cultures throughout history, and are separated by clear social, cultural, linguistic or geographic barriers. The stronger genetic differences between closely related populations occur in the northern third of Spain, a phenomenon commonly known as \"micro-differentiation\". It has been argued and discussed how this form of genetic structuring can be related to both the rugged landscape and the ancient societies of Northern Iberia, but this is difficult to test in most regions due to the intense human mobility of previous centuries. Nevertheless, the Spanish autonomous community of Asturias shows a complex history which hints of a certain isolation of its population. This, joined together with a difficult terrain full of deep valleys and steep mountains, makes it suitable for performing a study of genetic structure, based on mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome markers. Our analyses do not only show that there are micro-differentiation patterns inside the Asturian territory, but that these patterns are strikingly similar between both uniparental markers. The inference of barriers to gene flow also indicates that Asturian populations from the coastal north and the mountainous south seem to be relatively isolated from the rest of the territory. These findings are discussed in light of historic and geographic data and, coupled with previous evidence, show that the origin of the current genetic patterning might indeed lie in Roman and Pre-Roman sociopolitical divisions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/assessing-genetic-influence-ancient-sociopolitical-structure-microdifferentiation-patterns-populatio", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536721"], "description"=>"a<p>Significance tests were performed with 10,100 permutations.</p>*<p> = p<0.05.</p>**<p> = p<0.01.</p><p>Underlined values are statistically significant<b><sup>a</sup></b>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pairwise", "asturian", "calculated", "nry"], "article_id"=>207219, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pairwise_R_ST_values_below_diagonal_and_pairwise_F_ST_values_above_diagonal_for_all_Asturian_populations_calculated_from_NRY_data_/207219", "title"=>"Pairwise R<sub>ST</sub> values (below diagonal) and pairwise F<sub>ST</sub> values (above diagonal) for all Asturian populations, calculated from NRY data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 02:00:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536402"], "description"=>"<p>PCA plot of NRY haplogroups of Asturias and other regions of Iberia, the British Isles and Mainland Europe.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["nry", "haplogroups", "asturias", "regions", "british", "isles", "mainland"], "article_id"=>206892, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCA_plot_of_NRY_haplogroups_of_Asturias_and_other_regions_of_Iberia_the_British_Isles_and_Mainland_Europe_/206892", "title"=>"PCA plot of NRY haplogroups of Asturias and other regions of Iberia, the British Isles and Mainland Europe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:54:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290205", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290255", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290294", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290344", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290519", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290568", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290613", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290748", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/290794"], "description"=>"<div><p>The human populations of the Iberian Peninsula are the varied result of a complex mixture of cultures throughout history, and are separated by clear social, cultural, linguistic or geographic barriers. The stronger genetic differences between closely related populations occur in the northern third of Spain, a phenomenon commonly known as “micro-differentiation”. It has been argued and discussed how this form of genetic structuring can be related to both the rugged landscape and the ancient societies of Northern Iberia, but this is difficult to test in most regions due to the intense human mobility of previous centuries. Nevertheless, the Spanish autonomous community of Asturias shows a complex history which hints of a certain isolation of its population. This, joined together with a difficult terrain full of deep valleys and steep mountains, makes it suitable for performing a study of genetic structure, based on mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome markers. Our analyses do not only show that there are micro-differentiation patterns inside the Asturian territory, but that these patterns are strikingly similar between both uniparental markers. The inference of barriers to gene flow also indicates that Asturian populations from the coastal north and the mountainous south seem to be relatively isolated from the rest of the territory. These findings are discussed in light of historic and geographic data and, coupled with previous evidence, show that the origin of the current genetic patterning might indeed lie in Roman and Pre-Roman sociopolitical divisions.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assessing", "sociopolitical", "micro-differentiation", "patterns", "asturias"], "article_id"=>117146, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.s009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>74, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Assessing_the_Genetic_Influence_of_Ancient_Sociopolitical_Structure_Micro_differentiation_Patterns_in_the_Population_of_Asturias_Northern_Spain__/117146", "title"=>"Assessing the Genetic Influence of Ancient Sociopolitical Structure: Micro-differentiation Patterns in the Population of Asturias (Northern Spain)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:59:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536148"], "description"=>"<p>Panels show results for the mtDNA data (A) and NRY data (B). Thin lines indicate division in the SAMOVA analysis but no actual barrier inference, while inferred barriers between groups are shown by strong lines. Bootstrap value for each of the barriers is shown next to it and only those with values equal or higher than 70 are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["asturias", "samova", "coupled", "inferred", "barriers"], "article_id"=>206641, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_Asturias_showing_the_SAMOVA_group_division_coupled_with_the_inferred_barriers_to_gene_flow_/206641", "title"=>"Map of Asturias showing the SAMOVA group division coupled with the inferred barriers to gene flow.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:50:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536658"], "description"=>"<p>N: Region census size.</p><p>A: Region area (in km<sup>2</sup>).</p><p>n (mt): Sample size of mtDNA sequences.</p><p>K (mt): Number of mitochondrial lineages.</p><p>H (mt): Haplotype diversity.</p><p>π: Nucleotide diversity.</p><p>n (y): Sample size of NRY haplotypes.</p><p>K (y): Number of NRY haplotypes.</p><p>H (y): Nei unbiased diversity measure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["indexes", "asturian", "mtdna", "hypervariable", "segments", "nry"], "article_id"=>207151, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_data_and_diversity_indexes_obtained_in_the_Asturian_subpopulations_based_on_the_analysis_of_mtDNA_hypervariable_segments_and_NRY_haplotypes_/207151", "title"=>"Population data and diversity indexes obtained in the Asturian subpopulations, based on the analysis of mtDNA hypervariable segments and NRY haplotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:59:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536688"], "description"=>"a<p>Significance tests were performed with 10,100 permutations.</p><p>The genetic structure tested consisted of six groups inferred with the SAMOVA approach. 1: Aviles; 2: Nalon-Caudal-SouthOviedo; 3: EoNavia; 4: Narcea; 5: Oriente: 6: Gijon-EastOviedo-CentralOviedo.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["molecular", "variance", "nry", "haplotype"], "article_id"=>207184, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Analysis_of_Molecular_Variance_AMOVA_for_NRY_haplotype_data_using_the_ST_measure_upper_and_classical_F_ST_lower_/207184", "title"=>"Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) for NRY haplotype data, using the Φ<sub>ST</sub> measure (upper) and classical F<sub>ST</sub> (lower).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:59:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536488"], "description"=>"<p>Timescale is shown in years from present. Root of the tree was inferred at 9,609 years ago.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["samova-inferred", "nry"], "article_id"=>206990, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_BATWING_analysis_of_SAMOVA_inferred_NRY_groups_/206990", "title"=>"BATWING analysis of SAMOVA-inferred NRY groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:56:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536290"], "description"=>"<p>PCA plot of mtDNA haplogroups of Asturias and other regions of Iberia, the British Isles and Mainland Europe.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mtdna", "haplogroups", "asturias", "regions", "british", "isles", "mainland"], "article_id"=>206777, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PCA_plot_of_mtDNA_haplogroups_of_Asturias_and_other_regions_of_Iberia_the_British_Isles_and_Mainland_Europe_/206777", "title"=>"PCA plot of mtDNA haplogroups of Asturias and other regions of Iberia, the British Isles and Mainland Europe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:52:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/535995"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers and internal lines indicate the regions from which samples were collected in the present study (1: EoNavia; 2: Narcea; 3: Aviles; 4: Central Oviedo; 5: Southern Oviedo; 6: Gijon; 7: Eastern Oviedo; 8: Nalon; 9: Caudal; 10: Oriente). Coloured bubbles represent the known extension of the most important pre-Roman tribes, according to archaeological, historical and epigraphic sources (see text). Names under imperial vexilla represent the Roman subprovincial division <i>(“conventus iuridicus”</i>), with its precise borders marked with a red dotted line. Also, a small political map of Iberia is shown in the lower right. Asturias is shaded in black while other communities on the northern third of the Peninsula are shaded in gray.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["territorial", "coupled", "roman"], "article_id"=>206486, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_current_territorial_division_of_Asturias_coupled_with_the_political_state_in_the_time_of_the_Roman_Empire_/206486", "title"=>"Map of the current territorial division of Asturias, coupled with the political state in the time of the Roman Empire.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:48:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/536594"], "description"=>"a<p>Significance tests were performed with 10,100 permutations.</p><p>The genetic structure tested consisted of six groups inferred with the SAMOVA approach. 1: Aviles; 2: Caudal-SouthOviedo-Narcea; 3: EoNavia; 4: Gijon-EastOviedo; 5: Nalon-Oriente: 6: CentralOviedo.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["molecular", "variance", "mtdna"], "article_id"=>207091, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Antonio F. Pardiñas", "Agustín Roca", "Eva García-Vazquez", "Belén López"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050206.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Analysis_of_Molecular_Variance_AMOVA_for_mtDNA_control_region_sequence_data_using_the_ST_measure_upper_and_classical_F_ST_lower_/207091", "title"=>"Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) for mtDNA control region sequence data, using the Φ<sub>ST</sub> measure (upper) and classical F<sub>ST</sub> (lower).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-11-27 01:58:11"}

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Relative Metric

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