Grip Force Reveals the Context Sensitivity of Language-Induced Motor Activity during “Action Words” Processing: Evidence from Sentential Negation
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{"title"=>"Grip Force Reveals the Context Sensitivity of Language-Induced Motor Activity during \"Action Words\" Processing: Evidence from Sentential Negation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Pia", "last_name"=>"Aravena", "scopus_author_id"=>"36009720900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yvonne", "last_name"=>"Delevoye-Turrell", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507905094"}, {"first_name"=>"Viviane", "last_name"=>"Deprez", "scopus_author_id"=>"8082629000"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne", "last_name"=>"Cheylus", "scopus_author_id"=>"15834255700"}, {"first_name"=>"Yves", "last_name"=>"Paulignan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602167338"}, {"first_name"=>"Victor", "last_name"=>"Frak", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602552042"}, {"first_name"=>"Tatjana", "last_name"=>"Nazir", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004641700"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23227164", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0050287", "pui"=>"366234500", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84870843614", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84870843614"}, "id"=>"1bdf0488-7c2e-36ac-8699-52ee781c5322", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrating the involvement of motor brain structures in language processing typically focus on time windows beyond the latencies of lexical-semantic access. Consequently, such studies remain inconclusive regarding whether motor brain structures are recruited directly in language processing or through post-linguistic conceptual imagery. In the present study, we introduce a grip-force sensor that allows online measurements of language-induced motor activity during sentence listening. We use this tool to investigate whether language-induced motor activity remains constant or is modulated in negative, as opposed to affirmative, linguistic contexts.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Participants listened to spoken action target words in either affirmative or negative sentences while holding a sensor in a precision grip. The participants were asked to count the sentences containing the name of a country to ensure attention. The grip force signal was recorded continuously. The action words elicited an automatic and significant enhancement of the grip force starting at approximately 300 ms after target word onset in affirmative sentences; however, no comparable grip force modulation was observed when these action words occurred in negative contexts.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings demonstrate that this simple experimental paradigm can be used to study the online crosstalk between language and the motor systems in an ecological and economical manner. Our data further confirm that the motor brain structures that can be called upon during action word processing are not mandatorily involved; the crosstalk is asymmetrically governed by the linguistic context and not vice versa.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/grip-force-reveals-context-sensitivity-languageinduced-motor-activity-during-action-words-processing", "reader_count"=>53, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Philosophy"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Sports and Recreations"=>4, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>21, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Linguistics"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>21}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/529954"], "description"=>"<p>Top panel. Individual data from the 24 participants with mean and standard deviation. Data are plotted separately for the three conditions. Bottom panel. Comparison of data averaged over all participants. Time windows of significant grip-force amplitude regarding the baseline for the affirmative condition are marked by a colored background. For the affirmative sentence condition, testing against the baseline revealed a significant increase in the grip force in both time windows (320–520 ms and 520–800 ms). No significant effects were observed for action words in the negative context or for nouns. A Friedman's repeated measures comparison was significant in the second time window only. Separate Wilcoxon tests for this latter phase showed that the affirmative sentence condition differed significantly from the negative condition and nouns.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["grip-force", "amplitude"], "article_id"=>200442, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Pia Aravena", "Yvonne Delevoye-Turrell", "Viviane Deprez", "Anne Cheylus", "Yves Paulignan", "Victor Frak", "Tatjana Nazir"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050287.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modulation_of_the_grip_force_amplitude_as_a_function_of_time_after_target_onset_/200442", "title"=>"Modulation of the grip-force amplitude as a function of time after target onset.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-05 00:07:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/529876"], "description"=>"<p>The participants rested both arms on a padded cushion while holding the grip-force sensor with the right hand in a precision grip (the thumb, index and middle fingers rested on the load cell throughout the experiment).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["physiology", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>200367, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Pia Aravena", "Yvonne Delevoye-Turrell", "Viviane Deprez", "Anne Cheylus", "Yves Paulignan", "Victor Frak", "Tatjana Nazir"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050287.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_setting_/200367", "title"=>"Experimental setting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-05 00:06:07"}

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Relative Metric

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