Arrival of Paleo-Indians to the Southern Cone of South America: New Clues from Mitogenomes
Publication Date
December 11, 2012
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Michelle De Saint Pierre, Francesca Gandini, Ugo A. Perego, Martin Bodner, et al
Volume
7
Issue
12
Pages
e51311
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0051311
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23240014
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3519775
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23240014
Web of Science
000312290800050
Scopus
84871167089
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/arrival-paleoindians-southern-cone-south-america-new-clues-mitogenomes
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Arrival of Paleo-Indians to the Southern Cone of South America: New Clues from Mitogenomes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michelle", "last_name"=>"de Saint Pierre", "scopus_author_id"=>"14065840900"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesca", "last_name"=>"Gandini", "scopus_author_id"=>"54890582200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ugo A.", "last_name"=>"Perego", "scopus_author_id"=>"8531773600"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Bodner", "scopus_author_id"=>"33867503300"}, {"first_name"=>"Alberto", "last_name"=>"Gómez-Carballa", "scopus_author_id"=>"35724167900"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Corach", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701340533"}, {"first_name"=>"Norman", "last_name"=>"Angerhofer", "scopus_author_id"=>"25931458100"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott R.", "last_name"=>"Woodward", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103313666"}, {"first_name"=>"Ornella", "last_name"=>"Semino", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603787734"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Salas", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102443063"}, {"first_name"=>"Walther", "last_name"=>"Parson", "scopus_author_id"=>"8633967500"}, {"first_name"=>"Mauricio", "last_name"=>"Moraga", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701657963"}, {"first_name"=>"Alessandro", "last_name"=>"Achilli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701652869"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Torroni", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005843426"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Olivieri", "scopus_author_id"=>"8330210300"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871167089", "sgr"=>"84871167089", "pui"=>"366273774", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23240014", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0051311"}, "id"=>"e915e41c-a82b-30dc-aef1-26f5d93a8c2e", "abstract"=>"With analyses of entire mitogenomes, studies of Native American mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation have entered the final phase of phylogenetic refinement: the dissection of the founding haplogroups into clades that arose in America during and after human arrival and spread. Ages and geographic distributions of these clades could provide novel clues on the colonization processes of the different regions of the double continent. As for the Southern Cone of South America, this approach has recently allowed the identification of two local clades (D1g and D1j) whose age estimates agree with the dating of the earliest archaeological sites in South America, indicating that Paleo-Indians might have reached that region from Beringia in less than 2000 years. In this study, we sequenced 46 mitogenomes belonging to two additional clades, termed B2i2 (former B2l) and C1b13, which were recently identified on the basis of mtDNA control-region data and whose geographical distributions appear to be restricted to Chile and Argentina. We confirm that their mutational motifs most likely arose in the Southern Cone region. However, the age estimate for B2i2 and C1b13 (11–13,000 years) appears to be younger than those of other local clades. The difference could reflect the different evolutionary origins of the distinct South American-specific sub-haplogroups, with some being already present, at different times and locations, at the very front of the expansion wave in South America, and others originating later in situ, when the tribalization process had already begun. A delayed origin of a few thousand years in one of the locally derived populations, possibly in the central part of Chile, would have limited the geographical and ethnic diffusion of B2i2 and explain the present-day occurrence that appears to be mainly confined to the Tehuelche and Araucanian-speaking groups.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/arrival-paleoindians-southern-cone-south-america-new-clues-mitogenomes", "reader_count"=>46, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>9, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/527372"], "description"=>"a<p>Number of mtDNA sequences.</p>b<p>The maximum likelihood molecular divergence.</p>c<p>Using the corrected molecular clock proposed by Soares et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Soares1\" target=\"_blank\">[78]</a>.</p>d<p>Haplogroups D1g and D1j are included for comparison. Data are from Bodner et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Bodner1\" target=\"_blank\">[17]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["divergence", "estimates", "rho", "cone-specific", "mtdna"], "article_id"=>197842, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michelle de Saint Pierre", "Francesca Gandini", "Ugo A. Perego", "Martin Bodner", "Alberto Gómez-Carballa", "Daniel Corach", "Norman Angerhofer", "Scott R. Woodward", "Ornella Semino", "Antonio Salas", "Walther Parson", "Mauricio Moraga", "Alessandro Achilli", "Antonio Torroni", "Anna Olivieri"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Molecular_divergence_and_age_estimates_Maximum_Likelihood_and_rho_statistics_for_Southern_Cone_specific_mtDNA_haplogroups_/197842", "title"=>"Molecular divergence and age estimates (Maximum Likelihood and rho statistics) for Southern Cone-specific mtDNA haplogroups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:53:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/527313"], "description"=>"a<p>The frequency of B2i2 is often not determined (ND) because its diagnostic control-region mutation at np 470 is outside HVS-I and was generally not covered by mtDNA studies on Native Americans.</p>b<p>The frequency of C1b13 is often not determined (ND) because its diagnostic control-region mutation at np 258 is outside HVS-I and was generally not covered by mtDNA studies on Native Americans.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["frequencies", "cone-specific", "mtdna", "haplogroups", "american", "groups", "populations", "control-region"], "article_id"=>197778, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michelle de Saint Pierre", "Francesca Gandini", "Ugo A. Perego", "Martin Bodner", "Alberto Gómez-Carballa", "Daniel Corach", "Norman Angerhofer", "Scott R. Woodward", "Ornella Semino", "Antonio Salas", "Walther Parson", "Mauricio Moraga", "Alessandro Achilli", "Antonio Torroni", "Anna Olivieri"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_frequencies_of_Southern_Cone_specific_mtDNA_haplogroups_in_local_Native_American_groups_and_national_populations_estimated_from_control_region_data_/197778", "title"=>"Percentage frequencies of Southern Cone-specific mtDNA haplogroups in local Native American groups and national populations estimated from control-region data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:52:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/527249"], "description"=>"a<p>ID numbers correspond to the numbers in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone-0051311-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>.</p>b<p>The control-region sequence of these mtDNAs were previously published by Bobillo et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Bobillo1\" target=\"_blank\">[42]</a>.</p>c<p>Partial control-region sequences of these mtDNAs were previously published by de Saint Pierre et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-deSaintPierre1\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>.</p>d<p>The maternal grandmother of subject n. 35 was born in Talagante, Chile.</p>e<p>The HVS-I sequence of this mtDNA was previously published by Álvarez-Iglesias et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-lvarezIglesias1\" target=\"_blank\">[41]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mtdna", "haplogroup", "b2i", "c1b13", "sequences", "included"], "article_id"=>197722, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michelle de Saint Pierre", "Francesca Gandini", "Ugo A. Perego", "Martin Bodner", "Alberto Gómez-Carballa", "Daniel Corach", "Norman Angerhofer", "Scott R. Woodward", "Ornella Semino", "Antonio Salas", "Walther Parson", "Mauricio Moraga", "Alessandro Achilli", "Antonio Torroni", "Anna Olivieri"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>36, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_mtDNA_haplogroup_B2i_and_C1b13_complete_sequences_included_in_Figure_1_/197722", "title"=>"List of mtDNA haplogroup B2i and C1b13 complete sequences included in Figure 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:52:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/527133"], "description"=>"<p>These are the first completely sequenced mitogenomes for both B2i2 and C1b13. This tree also includes two previously published sequences of Kayapó individuals from Brazil <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Fagundes2\" target=\"_blank\">[19]</a> classified as belonging to sub-clade B2i1. Mutations relative to the L3 node are shown on the branches; they are transitions unless a base is explicitly indicated. The prefix @ indicates reversions while suffixes indicate: transversions (to A, G, C, or T), indels (.1, d), gene locus (∼r, rRNA; ∼t, tRNA), synonymous or non-synonymous changes (s or ns), and non-coding sites outside the control region (nc). The mutations marked by a red @ are reverted only relative to the Revised Sapiens Reference Sequence (RSRS) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Behar1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>, all other mutations are relative to both rCRS <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Andrews1\" target=\"_blank\">[75]</a> and RSRS. Recurrent mutations within the phylogeny are underlined. The variation in number of cytosines around nps 309 and 16193 was not included in the tree. Additional information regarding each mtDNA is available in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone-0051311-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. Coalescence times shown for B2i2 and C1b13 are Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimates, and have been obtained by including all sequence changes (except 16182C, 16183C, and at np 16519) from the respective root according to Soares et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311#pone.0051311-Soares1\" target=\"_blank\">[78]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parsimony", "46", "american", "mtdna", "sequences", "belonging", "haplogroups", "b2i2"], "article_id"=>197583, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Michelle de Saint Pierre", "Francesca Gandini", "Ugo A. Perego", "Martin Bodner", "Alberto Gómez-Carballa", "Daniel Corach", "Norman Angerhofer", "Scott R. Woodward", "Ornella Semino", "Antonio Salas", "Walther Parson", "Mauricio Moraga", "Alessandro Achilli", "Antonio Torroni", "Anna Olivieri"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051311.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detailed_maximum_parsimony_tree_of_46_novel_complete_Native_American_mtDNA_sequences_belonging_to_the_novel_haplogroups_B2i2_and_C1b13_/197583", "title"=>"Detailed maximum parsimony tree of 46 novel complete Native American mtDNA sequences belonging to the novel haplogroups B2i2 and C1b13.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:51:43"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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