A Meta-Analysis of Core Stability Exercise versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain
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{"title"=>"A Meta-Analysis of Core Stability Exercise versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xue Qiang", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"49561922100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jie Jiao", "last_name"=>"Zheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55476520100"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhuo Wei", "last_name"=>"Yu", "scopus_author_id"=>"57201057758"}, {"first_name"=>"Xia", "last_name"=>"Bi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55505177800"}, {"first_name"=>"Shu Jie", "last_name"=>"Lou", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201944082"}, {"first_name"=>"Jing", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"46461562800"}, {"first_name"=>"Bin", "last_name"=>"Cai", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200867572"}, {"first_name"=>"Ying Hui", "last_name"=>"Hua", "scopus_author_id"=>"35215226900"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Wu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55532689800"}, {"first_name"=>"Mao Ling", "last_name"=>"Wei", "scopus_author_id"=>"56569625200"}, {"first_name"=>"Hai Min", "last_name"=>"Shen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55532203200"}, {"first_name"=>"Yi", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196267503"}, {"first_name"=>"Yu Jian", "last_name"=>"Pan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198588995"}, {"first_name"=>"Guo Hui", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55532869900"}, {"first_name"=>"Pei Jie", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"26659806300"}, {"first_name"=>"Sam", "last_name"=>"Eldabe", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507023924"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84871292134", "pmid"=>"23284879", "pui"=>"366298611", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871292134", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0052082", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"c22ae125-dcf2-3af7-8c9f-b6bf9a21e1a2", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of core stability exercise or general exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).\\n\\nSUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exercise therapy appears to be effective at decreasing pain and improving function for patients with chronic LBP in practice guidelines. Core stability exercise is becoming increasingly popular for LBP. However, it is currently unknown whether core stability exercise produces more beneficial effects than general exercise in patients with chronic LBP.\\n\\nMETHODS: Published articles from 1970 to October 2011 were identified using electronic searches. For this meta-analysis, two reviewers independently selected relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating core stability exercise versus general exercise for the treatment of patients with chronic LBP. Data were extracted independently by the same two individuals who selected the studies.\\n\\nRESULTS: From the 28 potentially relevant trials, a total of 5 trials involving 414 participants were included in the current analysis. The pooling revealed that core stability exercise was better than general exercise for reducing pain [mean difference (-1.29); 95% confidence interval (-2.47, -0.11); P = 0.003] and disability [mean difference (-7.14); 95% confidence interval (-11.64, -2.65); P = 0.002] at the time of the short-term follow-up. However, no significant differences were observed between core stability exercise and general exercise in reducing pain at 6 months [mean difference (-0.50); 95% confidence interval (-1.36, 0.36); P = 0.26] and 12 months [mean difference (-0.32); 95% confidence interval (-0.87, 0.23); P = 0.25].\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Compared to general exercise, core stability exercise is more effective in decreasing pain and may improve physical function in patients with chronic LBP in the short term. However, no significant long-term differences in pain severity were observed between patients who engaged in core stability exercise versus those who engaged in general exercise.\\n\\nSYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO PROSPERO registration number: CRD42011001717.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/metaanalysis-core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-chronic-low-back-pain-8", "reader_count"=>259, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>26, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>31, "Student > Master"=>58, "Other"=>21, "Student > Bachelor"=>61, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>26, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>31, "Student > Master"=>58, "Other"=>21, "Student > Bachelor"=>61, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>33, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>133, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Sports and Recreations"=>48, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>133}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>48}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>33}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Malaysia"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>21}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/523759"], "description"=>"<p>Flow chart of the study selection procedure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["public health and epidemiology", "physiology", "neuroscience", "rheumatology", "Non-clinical medicine"], "article_id"=>194228, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xue-Qiang Wang", "Jie-Jiao Zheng", "Zhuo-Wei Yu", "Xia Bi", "Shu-Jie Lou", "Jing Liu", "Bin Cai", "Ying-Hui Hua", "Mark Wu", "Mao-Ling Wei", "Hai-Min Shen", "Yi Chen", "Yu-Jian Pan", "Guo-Hui Xu", "Pei-Jie Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052082.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_chart_of_the_study_selection_procedure_/194228", "title"=>"Flow chart of the study selection procedure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-17 01:10:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524072"], "description"=>"<p>Meta-analyses of core stability exercise versus general exercise effect on back-specific functional status (Oswestry Disability Index, ODI): mean difference (MD) at the end of the intervention (not longer than 3 months).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["back-specific", "longer"], "article_id"=>194551, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xue-Qiang Wang", "Jie-Jiao Zheng", "Zhuo-Wei Yu", "Xia Bi", "Shu-Jie Lou", "Jing Liu", "Bin Cai", "Ying-Hui Hua", "Mark Wu", "Mao-Ling Wei", "Hai-Min Shen", "Yi Chen", "Yu-Jian Pan", "Guo-Hui Xu", "Pei-Jie Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052082.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Meta_analyses_of_core_stability_exercise_versus_general_exercise_effect_on_back_specific_functional_status_Oswestry_Disability_Index_ODI_mean_difference_MD_at_the_end_of_the_intervention_not_longer_than_3_months_/194551", "title"=>"Meta-analyses of core stability exercise versus general exercise effect on back-specific functional status (Oswestry Disability Index, ODI): mean difference (MD) at the end of the intervention (not longer than 3 months).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-17 01:15:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524188"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: LBP, low back pain; ODI, Oswestry Disability Index; VAS, Visual Analog Scale; NRS, Numerical Rating Scale.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["included"], "article_id"=>194667, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xue-Qiang Wang", "Jie-Jiao Zheng", "Zhuo-Wei Yu", "Xia Bi", "Shu-Jie Lou", "Jing Liu", "Bin Cai", "Ying-Hui Hua", "Mark Wu", "Mao-Ling Wei", "Hai-Min Shen", "Yi Chen", "Yu-Jian Pan", "Guo-Hui Xu", "Pei-Jie Chen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052082.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_Included_Studies_/194667", "title"=>"Characteristics of Included Studies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-17 01:17:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/283413", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/283486"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Objective</h3><p>To review the effects of core stability exercise or general exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).</p> <h3>Summary of Background Data</h3><p>Exercise therapy appears to be effective at decreasing pain and improving function for patients with chronic LBP in practice guidelines. Core stability exercise is becoming increasingly popular for LBP. However, it is currently unknown whether core stability exercise produces more beneficial effects than general exercise in patients with chronic LBP.</p> <h3>Methods</h3><p>Published articles from 1970 to October 2011 were identified using electronic searches. For this meta-analysis, two reviewers independently selected relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating core stability exercise versus general exercise for the treatment of patients with chronic LBP. Data were extracted independently by the same two individuals who selected the studies.</p> <h3>Results</h3><p>From the 28 potentially relevant trials, a total of 5 trials involving 414 participants were included in the current analysis. The pooling revealed that core stability exercise was better than general exercise for reducing pain [mean difference (−1.29); 95% confidence interval (−2.47, −0.11); P = 0.003] and disability [mean difference (−7.14); 95% confidence interval (−11.64, −2.65); P = 0.002] at the time of the short-term follow-up. However, no significant differences were observed between core stability exercise and general exercise in reducing pain at 6 months [mean difference (−0.50); 95% confidence interval (−1.36, 0.36); P = 0.26] and 12 months [mean difference (−0.32); 95% confidence interval (−0.87, 0.23); P = 0.25].</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>Compared to general exercise, core stability exercise is more effective in decreasing pain and may improve physical function in patients with chronic LBP in the short term. However, no significant long-term differences in pain severity were observed between patients who engaged in core stability exercise versus those who engaged in general exercise.</p> <h3>Systematic Review Registration</h3><p><a href=\"http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO\">http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO</a> PROSPERO registration number: CRD42011001717.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["meta-analysis", "pain"], "article_id"=>115887, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Ecology", "Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Xue-Qiang Wang", "Jie-Jiao Zheng", "Zhuo-Wei Yu", "Xia Bi", "Shu-Jie Lou", "Jing Liu", "Bin Cai", "Ying-Hui Hua", "Mark Wu", "Mao-Ling Wei", "Hai-Min Shen", "Yi Chen", "Yu-Jian Pan", "Guo-Hui Xu", "Pei-Jie Chen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052082.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052082.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Meta_Analysis_of_Core_Stability_Exercise_versus_General_Exercise_for_Chronic_Low_Back_Pain__/115887", "title"=>"A Meta-Analysis of Core Stability Exercise versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-12-17 01:38:07"}

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Relative Metric

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