Assessing Musical Abilities Objectively: Construction and Validation of the Profile of Music Perception Skills
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{"title"=>"Assessing Musical Abilities Objectively: Construction and Validation of the Profile of Music Perception Skills", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Lily N C", "last_name"=>"Law", "scopus_author_id"=>"55539373700"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcel", "last_name"=>"Zentner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004225336"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368013019", "sgr"=>"84871679626", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23285071", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871679626", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0052508", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"25604577-805e-3b5c-b918-87828b69c38a", "abstract"=>"A common approach for determining musical competence is to rely on information about individuals’ extent of musical training, but relying on musicianship status fails to identify musically untrained individuals with musical skill, as well as those who, despite extensive musical training, may not be as skilled. To counteract this limitation, we developed a new test battery (Profile of Music Perception Skills; PROMS) that measures perceptual musical skills across multiple domains: tonal (melody, pitch), qualitative (timbre, tuning), temporal (rhythm, rhythm-to-melody, accent, tempo), and dynamic (loudness). The PROMS has satisfactory psychometric properties for the composite score (internal consistency and test-retest r>.85) and fair to good coefficients for the individual subtests (.56 to.85). Convergent validity was established with the relevant dimensions of Gordon’s Advanced Measures of Music Audiation and Musical Aptitude Profile (melody, rhythm, tempo), the Musical Ear Test (rhythm), and sample instrumental sounds (timbre). Criterion validity was evidenced by consistently sizeable and significant relationships between test performance and external musical proficiency indicators in all three studies (.38 to.62, p<.05 to p<.01). An absence of correlations between test scores and a nonmusical auditory discrimination task supports the battery’s discriminant validity (−.05, ns). The interrelationships among the various subtests could be accounted for by two higher order factors, sequential and sensory music processing. A brief version of the full PROMS is introduced as a time-efficient approximation of the full version of the battery.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/assessing-musical-abilities-objectively-construction-validation-profile-music-perception-skills", "reader_count"=>132, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>10}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Arts and Humanities"=>19, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>7, "Engineering"=>2, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>13, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>46, "Social Sciences"=>12, "Linguistics"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>12}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>46}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>19}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>7}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Norway"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>7}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515708"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> AMMA = Advanced Measures of Music Audiation; MET = Musical Ear Test; MAP = Musical Aptitude Profile. <i>N</i> = 52. Targeted validity correlations are in bold.</p>*<p><i>p</i><.05.</p>**<p><i>p</i><.01, two-tailed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["timbre"], "article_id"=>186221, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Validity_correlation_between_AMMA_MET_MAP_and_timbre_mono_with_the_PROMS_/186221", "title"=>"Validity correlation between AMMA, MET, MAP, and timbre (mono) with the PROMS.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:43:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515470"], "description"=>"<p>The difficulty of tuning trials is manipulated by the extent to which the note E4 is shifted out of its proper frequency (from 10 to 50 cents).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tuning"], "article_id"=>185971, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_tuning_trials_/185971", "title"=>"Illustration of tuning trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:39:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515144"], "description"=>"<p>An easy trial consists of a simple rhythm (mostly quarter notes and eighth notes), as compared with a complex trial, which consists of a more complicated rhythm (eighth notes and sixteenth notes). *Represents the alteration in the comparison-stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>185641, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_from_the_standard_rhythm_trials_/185641", "title"=>"Example from the standard rhythm trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:34:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515058"], "description"=>"<p>An easy trial consists of a tonal melody (upper part) as opposed to a complex trial, which is atonal (lower part). *Represents the alteration in the comparison-stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["melody"], "article_id"=>185562, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_melody_trials_/185562", "title"=>"Example of melody trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:32:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515688"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> **<i>p</i><.01. Sample size for internal consistency was <i>N</i> = 56;</p><p>test-retest was <i>N</i> = 20.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["test-retest", "coefficient", "subtests", "composite"], "article_id"=>186183, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cronbach_8217_s_alpha_McDonald_8217_s_omega_and_test_retest_coefficient_for_subtests_and_composite_score_/186183", "title"=>"Cronbach’s alpha, McDonald’s omega, and test-retest coefficient for subtests and composite score.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:43:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515625"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note. N</i> = 40. All correlations non-significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proms", "detection"], "article_id"=>186120, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_between_the_PROMS_and_the_gap_detection_task_/186120", "title"=>"Correlations between the PROMS and the gap detection task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:42:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/279266", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/279318", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/279375"], "description"=>"<div><p>A common approach for determining musical competence is to rely on information about individuals’ extent of musical training, but relying on musicianship status fails to identify musically untrained individuals with musical skill, as well as those who, despite extensive musical training, may not be as skilled. To counteract this limitation, we developed a new test battery (Profile of Music Perception Skills; PROMS) that measures perceptual musical skills across multiple domains: tonal (melody, pitch), qualitative (timbre, tuning), temporal (rhythm, rhythm-to-melody, accent, tempo), and dynamic (loudness). The PROMS has satisfactory psychometric properties for the composite score (internal consistency and test-retest <em>r</em>>.85) and fair to good coefficients for the individual subtests (.56 to.85). Convergent validity was established with the relevant dimensions of Gordon’s Advanced Measures of Music Audiation and Musical Aptitude Profile (melody, rhythm, tempo), the Musical Ear Test (rhythm), and sample instrumental sounds (timbre). Criterion validity was evidenced by consistently sizeable and significant relationships between test performance and external musical proficiency indicators in all three studies (.38 to.62, <em>p</em><.05 to <em>p</em><.01). An absence of correlations between test scores and a nonmusical auditory discrimination task supports the battery’s discriminant validity (−.05, <em>ns</em>). The interrelationships among the various subtests could be accounted for by two higher order factors, sequential and sensory music processing. A brief version of the full PROMS is introduced as a time-efficient approximation of the full version of the battery.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assessing", "abilities", "validation", "skills"], "article_id"=>115061, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Assessing_Musical_Abilities_Objectively_Construction_and_Validation_of_the_Profile_of_Music_Perception_Skills__/115061", "title"=>"Assessing Musical Abilities Objectively: Construction and Validation of the Profile of Music Perception Skills", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:24:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515801"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> “Not reported” means that the relevant coefficients have not been reported in the original test manual and/or in subsequent publications in current professional journals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>186307, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overview_of_previous_musical_ability_tests_/186307", "title"=>"Overview of previous musical ability tests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:45:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515251"], "description"=>"<p>An easy trial consists of a simple rhythm (mostly quarter notes and eighth notes), as compared with a complex trial, which consists of a more complicated rhythm (eighth notes and sixteenth notes). All melodies (comparison-stimuli) are tonal. *Represents the alteration in the comparison-stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rhythm-to-melody"], "article_id"=>185745, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_rhythm_to_melody_trials_/185745", "title"=>"Example of rhythm-to-melody trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:35:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515748"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i><b>X</b> = musical ability subtests included in previous test batteries. x = musical ability subtests included in previous test batteries, but suboptimal (see the main text for details). (X) = subtests that are related but cannot be directly compared with each other (Karma <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508#pone.0052508-Karma1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a> only).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tasks", "included", "aptitude"], "article_id"=>186242, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PROMS_tasks_included_and_not_included_in_previous_music_aptitude_batteries_/186242", "title"=>"PROMS tasks included and not included in previous music aptitude batteries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515434"], "description"=>"<p>The easy trial consists of two groups of instruments from altogether different families. In the complex trial, the instrument changes on only one note are taken from the same family (strings).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["timbre"], "article_id"=>185931, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_the_timbre_subtest_/185931", "title"=>"Illustration of the timbre subtest.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:38:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515657"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> Comp = composite score; R-M = rhythm-to-melody; <i>N</i> = 96.</p>*<p><i>p</i><.05.</p>**<p><i>p</i><.01 (two-tailed).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["proms", "subtest", "scores", "composite"], "article_id"=>186154, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intercorrelations_of_all_PROMS_subtest_scores_including_the_composite_score_/186154", "title"=>"Intercorrelations of all PROMS subtest scores including the composite score.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:42:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515329"], "description"=>"<p>The top figure shows the level domain of the accent subtest and the bottom figure shows the time domain of the accent subtest. As the top figure shows, the intensities of the accent notes (a) are represented by the sign>in the time domain figures, Accent (a’). Accent (b) shows the unaccented notes (second, third, and fourth beats) are −3 dB lower than the accented note, which can also be seen in the comparison-stimulus in the time domain - Accent (b’). The example of a complex trial shows the alteration affecting only one or two events. *Represents the alteration in the comparison-stimuli.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>185829, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_accent_trials_/185829", "title"=>"Example of accent trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:37:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515777"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note: N = </i>56.</p>*<p>Values in parentheses relate to a subsample (<i>N = </i>36) in which professional and semiprofessional musicians were removed (see main text).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["summaries", "proms", "subtests", "composite"], "article_id"=>186277, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_summaries_for_PROMS_subtests_and_composite_score_/186277", "title"=>"Descriptive summaries for PROMS subtests and composite score.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:44:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515573"], "description"=>"<p>Training includes years of musical training, music degrees and qualifications, critical listening activities, and musicianship status (main text). Extent of training predicts PROMS performance substantially but imperfectly (<i>r</i> = .57, <i>p</i><. 01). <i>Upper left corner:</i> Example of a “musical sleeper” performing well despite minimal musical training. <i>Lower right corner:</i> Example of a “sleeping musician” posting a lesser performance despite extensive musical training.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plotting", "proms", "aggregate"], "article_id"=>186067, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scattergram_plotting_PROMS_performance_against_an_aggregate_index_of_musical_training_/186067", "title"=>"Scattergram plotting PROMS performance against an aggregate index of musical training.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:41:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515008"], "description"=>"<p>Source is Web of Science. Number of publications across the time period is higher for language (539 to 817) and memory (1,140 to 2,031) than for music (81 to 162), but growth is faster in the music domain. As shown by the decrease in art-related publications, the increase in music publication is not due to a general increase in scientific publications relating to the arts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["publications", "2005"], "article_id"=>185509, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_increase_in_publications_from_2005_to_2011_/185509", "title"=>"Percentage increase in publications from 2005 to 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:31:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515507"], "description"=>"<p>Units are d prime values (<i>d′</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plotting", "proms", "scores"], "article_id"=>186002, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scattergram_plotting_total_PROMS_scores_at_Time_1_against_Time_2_/186002", "title"=>"Scattergram plotting total PROMS scores at Time 1 against Time 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:40:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515834"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> N = 96.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>186335, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Lily N. C. Law", "Marcel Zentner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052508.t008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Factor_analysis_of_the_PROMS_/186335", "title"=>"Factor analysis of the PROMS.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-12-28 01:45:35"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"82", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"89", "full-text"=>"105", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
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Relative Metric

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