Effects of Blood Flow Restricted Low-Intensity Concentric or Eccentric Training on Muscle Size and Strength
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{"title"=>"Effects of Blood Flow Restricted Low-Intensity Concentric or Eccentric Training on Muscle Size and Strength", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tomohiro", "last_name"=>"Yasuda", "scopus_author_id"=>"35235907300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy P.", "last_name"=>"Loenneke", "scopus_author_id"=>"30967583600"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert S.", "last_name"=>"Thiebaud", "scopus_author_id"=>"52264608000"}, {"first_name"=>"Takashi", "last_name"=>"Abe", "scopus_author_id"=>"56316189600"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871761083", "pui"=>"368034364", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0052843", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84871761083", "pmid"=>"23300795"}, "id"=>"e6b6c426-3059-3325-90e4-8ff1928764cb", "abstract"=>"We investigated the acute and chronic effects of low-intensity concentric or eccentric resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle size and strength. Ten young men performed 30% of concentric one repetition maximal dumbbell curl exercise (four sets, total 75 reps) 3 days/week for 6 weeks. One arm was randomly chosen for concentric BFR (CON-BFR) exercise only and the other arm performed eccentric BFR (ECC-BFR) exercise only at the same exercise load. During the exercise session, iEMG for biceps brachii muscles increased progressively during CON-BFR, which was greater (p<0.05) than that of the ECC-BFR. Immediately after the exercise, muscle thickness (MTH) of the elbow flexors acutely increased (p<0.01) with both CON-BFR and ECC-BFR, but was greater with CON-BFR (11.7%) (p<0.01) than ECC-BFR (3.9%) at 10-cm above the elbow joint. Following 6-weeks of training, MRI-measured muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) at 10-cm position and mid-upper arm (12.0% and 10.6%, respectively) as well as muscle volume (12.5%) of the elbow flexors were increased (p<0.01) with CON-BFR. Increases in muscle CSA and volume were lower in ECC-BFR (5.1%, 0.8% and 2.9%, respectively) than in the CON-BFR and only muscle CSA at 10-cm position increased significantly (p<0.05) after the training. Maximal voluntary isometric strength of elbow flexors was increased (p<0.05) in CON-BFR (8.6%), but not in ECC (3.8%). These results suggest that CON-BFR training leads to pronounced acute changes in muscle size, an index of muscle cell swelling, the response to which may be an important factor for promoting muscle hypertrophy with BFR resistance training.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-blood-flow-restricted-lowintensity-concentric-eccentric-training-muscle-size-strength-1", "reader_count"=>160, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>40, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>34, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>40, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>34, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>13, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>22, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>77, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>22}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>77}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>13}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Norway"=>3, "Japan"=>1, "Brazil"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>12}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/514633"], "description"=>"<p>Average for each 5-repetitions was represented as a single data point. Values are means and SD. **Different from first 5-reps, P<0.01. ##Different from ECC-BFR, P<0.01. #Different from ECC-BFR, P<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["activation", "biceps", "brachii", "muscles", "concentric", "eccentric", "bfr"], "article_id"=>185124, "categories"=>["Physiology"], "users"=>["Tomohiro Yasuda", "Jeremy P. Loenneke", "Robert S. Thiebaud", "Takashi Abe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052843.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Muscle_activation_of_biceps_brachii_muscles_during_concentric_or_eccentric_BFR_exercise_for_each_set_performed_/185124", "title"=>"Muscle activation of biceps brachii muscles during concentric or eccentric BFR exercise for each set performed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:42:33"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[316, 541, 663, 766, 856, 950, 1041, 1128, 1218, 1302, 1382, 1456, 1526, 1593, 1657, 1729, 1796, 1862, 1930, 1999, 2065, 2132, 2202, 2261, 2319]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[307, 536, 653, 753, 839, 926, 1017, 1103, 1189, 1268, 1348, 1425, 1492, 1557, 1620, 1686, 1759, 1825, 1891, 1950, 2014, 2079, 2141, 2200, 2255]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[312, 547, 668, 769, 861, 953, 1046, 1135, 1224, 1307, 1388, 1464, 1536, 1606, 1676, 1744, 1812, 1882, 1954, 2020, 2089, 2155, 2218, 2282, 2344]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Hematology", "average_usage"=>[300, 532, 651, 749, 842, 929, 1022, 1106, 1192, 1267, 1351, 1423, 1489, 1553, 1631, 1694, 1764, 1835, 1899, 1964, 2027, 2087, 2159, 2228, 2280]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Sports and exercise medicine", "average_usage"=>[265, 553, 681, 815, 908, 993, 1090, 1236, 1366, 1494, 1612, 1735, 1844, 1981, 2076, 2149, 2259, 2391, 2499, 2626, 2749, 2847, 2945, 3073, 3159, 3205]}]}
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