The Importance of Acacia Trees for Insectivorous Bats and Arthropods in the Arava Desert
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{"title"=>"The Importance of Acacia Trees for Insectivorous Bats and Arthropods in the Arava Desert", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Talya D.", "last_name"=>"Hackett", "scopus_author_id"=>"55602625300"}, {"first_name"=>"Carmi", "last_name"=>"Korine", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701760283"}, {"first_name"=>"Marc W.", "last_name"=>"Holderied", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506492815"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874130586", "sgr"=>"84874130586", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0052999", "pmid"=>"23441145", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"368381771"}, "id"=>"b9529c02-e8d2-3f7b-896e-1572f24ca334", "abstract"=>"Anthropogenic habitat modification often has a profound negative impact on the flora and fauna of an ecosystem. In parts of the Middle East, ephemeral rivers (wadis) are characterised by stands of acacia trees. Green, flourishing assemblages of these trees are in decline in several countries, most likely due to human-induced water stress and habitat changes. We examined the importance of healthy acacia stands for bats and their arthropod prey in comparison to other natural and artificial habitats available in the Arava desert of Israel. We assessed bat activity and species richness through acoustic monitoring for entire nights and concurrently collected arthropods using light and pit traps. Dense green stands of acacia trees were the most important natural desert habitat for insectivorous bats. Irrigated gardens and parks in villages and fields of date palms had high arthropod levels but only village sites rivalled acacia trees in bat activity level. We confirmed up to 13 bat species around a single patch of acacia trees; one of the richest sites in any natural desert habitat in Israel. Some bat species utilised artificial sites; others were found almost exclusively in natural habitats. Two rare species (Barbastella leucomelas and Nycteris thebaica) were identified solely around acacia trees. We provide strong evidence that acacia trees are of unique importance to the community of insectivorous desert-dwelling bats, and that the health of the trees is crucial to their value as a foraging resource. Consequently, conservation efforts for acacia habitats, and in particular for the green more densely packed stands of trees, need to increase to protect this vital habitat for an entire community of protected bats.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/importance-acacia-trees-insectivorous-bats-arthropods-arava-desert", "reader_count"=>61, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>44, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>44}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>11}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/487045"], "description"=>"<p><b>a</b>: box plot of arthropod abundance per hour for three consecutive repeats (visits). <b>b</b>: box plot of total number of bat passes for three consecutive repeats (visits). <b>c</b>: total number of arthropod morphospecies (mean ± standard deviation. <b>d</b>: total number of bat species recorded (mean ± standard deviation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["richness"], "article_id"=>157568, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Arthropod_abundance_bat_activity_and_species_richness_for_each_habitat_/157568", "title"=>"Arthropod abundance, bat activity and species richness for each habitat.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:13:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/487316"], "description"=>"<p>Each data point represents one entire night of sampling. Solid line is a linear regression (y = 0.627×−0.028; R<sup>2</sup> = 0.21; t<sub>88</sub> = 4.81, p<0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["arthropod", "abundance"], "article_id"=>157844, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_relationship_between_arthropod_abundance_and_bat_activity_/157844", "title"=>"The relationship between arthropod abundance and bat activity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:14:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/487409"], "description"=>"<p>Regional and global conservation status of recorded bat species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["recorded"], "article_id"=>157940, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regional_and_global_conservation_status_of_recorded_bat_species_/157940", "title"=>"Regional and global conservation status of recorded bat species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:15:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486950"], "description"=>"<p>From left to right: <i>Rhinopoma hardwickii, R. microphyllum, Nycteris thebaica, Asellia tridens, Rhinolophus hipposideros, R. clivosus, Pipistrellus kuhlii, Hypsugo bodenheimeri, Eptesicus bottae, Barbastella leucomelas, Otonycteris hemprichii, Plecotus christii</i> and <i>Tadarida teniotis</i>. Spectrogram parameters: FFT 1024, frame 100%, overlap 98.43%, window flat top.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["echolocation"], "article_id"=>157474, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>99, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spectrogram_of_one_typical_echolocation_call_from_each_identified_species_/157474", "title"=>"Spectrogram of one typical echolocation call from each identified species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:12:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/487205"], "description"=>"<p>R.ha: <i>Rhinopoma hardwickii</i>, R.mi: <i>R. microphyllum</i>, A.tr: <i>Asellia tridens</i>, R.hi: <i>Rhinolophus hipposideros</i>, R.cl: <i>R. clivosus</i>, P.ku: <i>Pipistrellus kuhlii</i>, H.bo: <i>Hypsugo bodenheimeri</i>, E.bo: <i>Eptesicus bottae</i>, O.he: <i>Otonycteris hemprichii</i>, P.ch: <i>Plecotus christii</i>, T.te: <i>Tadarida teniotis</i>. Numbers in brackets indicate the total number of passes for that species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["recorded", "passes"], "article_id"=>157739, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_percentage_of_recorded_bat_passes_in_each_habitat_per_species_/157739", "title"=>"The percentage of recorded bat passes in each habitat per species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:14:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486843"], "description"=>"<p>A is dense acacia stands, S is sparse acacia stands, B is barren acacia stands, N is non-acacia desert sites, V is village sites and D is date plantations. The five replicates of each habitat type are numbered one to five from north to south (Reprinted with permission from Esri, original copyright 2012).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology"], "article_id"=>157362, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["Talya D. Hackett", "Carmi Korine", "Marc W. Holderied"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052999.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Satellite_map_of_sites_/157362", "title"=>"Satellite map of sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:12:07"}

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Relative Metric

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