Helminth Communities of Owls (Strigiformes) Indicate Strong Biological and Ecological Differences from Birds of Prey (Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy
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{"title"=>"Helminth Communities of Owls (Strigiformes) Indicate Strong Biological and Ecological Differences from Birds of Prey (Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Southern Italy", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mario", "last_name"=>"Santoro", "scopus_author_id"=>"56450180100"}, {"first_name"=>"Simonetta", "last_name"=>"Mattiucci", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701673713"}, {"first_name"=>"Giuseppe", "last_name"=>"Nascetti", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603700547"}, {"first_name"=>"John M.", "last_name"=>"Kinsella", "scopus_author_id"=>"35494098300"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesca", "last_name"=>"Di Prisco", "scopus_author_id"=>"55541859600"}, {"first_name"=>"Sabatino", "last_name"=>"Troisi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55541353400"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicola", "last_name"=>"D'Alessio", "scopus_author_id"=>"55541470500"}, {"first_name"=>"Vincenzo", "last_name"=>"Veneziano", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603150762"}, {"first_name"=>"Francisco J.", "last_name"=>"Aznar", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003471076"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368034301", "sgr"=>"84871725032", "pmid"=>"23300921", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871725032", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0053375", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"effd810b-38e3-3d18-8c0f-0b71f3282e49", "abstract"=>"We compared the helminth communities of 5 owl species from Calabria (Italy) and evaluated the effect of phylogenetic and ecological factors on community structure. Two host taxonomic scales were considered, i.e., owl species, and owls vs. birds of prey. The latter scale was dealt with by comparing the data here obtained with that of birds of prey from the same locality and with those published previously on owls and birds of prey from Galicia (Spain). A total of 19 helminth taxa were found in owls from Calabria. Statistical comparison showed only marginal differences between scops owls (Otus scops) and little owls (Athene noctua) and tawny owls (Strix aluco). It would indicate that all owl species are exposed to a common pool of 'owl generalist' helminth taxa, with quantitative differences being determined by differences in diet within a range of prey relatively narrow. In contrast, birds of prey from the same region exhibited strong differences because they feed on different and wider spectra of prey. In Calabria, owls can be separated as a whole from birds of prey with regard to the structure of their helminth communities while in Galicia helminths of owls represent a subset of those of birds of prey. This difference is related to the occurrence in Calabria, but not Galicia, of a pool of 'owl specialist' species. The wide geographical occurrence of these taxa suggest that local conditions may determine fundamental differences in the composition of local communities. Finally, in both Calabria and Galicia, helminth communities from owls were species-poor compared to those from sympatric birds of prey. However, birds of prey appear to share a greater pool of specific helmith taxa derived from cospeciation processes, and a greater potential exchange of parasites between them than with owls because of phylogenetic closeness.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/helminth-communities-owls-strigiformes-indicate-strong-biological-ecological-differences-birds-prey", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Italy"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515580"], "description"=>"<p>A, B: Total species richness at the component community level. Regressions lines for birds of prey (solid lines) and owls (broken lines) are also displayed. C, D. Mean species richness at infracommunity level. Bars represent the 95% confidence interval. C, D. Median value of mean intensity per host species. The regressions line for birds of prey in Calabria is shown. Bars represent the interquartilic interval. Species abbreviations: <i>Ag</i>: <i>Accipiter gentilis</i>; <i>An</i>: <i>Athene noctua</i>; <i>Ani</i>: <i>Accipiter nisus</i>; <i>Ao</i>: <i>Asio otus</i>; <i>Bb</i>: <i>Buteo buteo</i>; <i>Ca</i>: <i>Circus aeruginosus</i>: <i>Cp</i>: <i>Circus pygargus</i>; <i>Fp</i>: <i>Falco peregrinus</i>; <i>Fs</i>: <i>Falco subbuteo</i>; <i>Ft</i>: <i>Falco tinnunculus</i>; <i>Mm</i>: <i>Milvus milvus</i>; <i>Mmi</i>: <i>Milvus migrans</i>; <i>Os</i>: <i>Otus scops</i>; <i>Pa</i>: <i>Pernis apivorus</i>; <i>Sa</i>: <i>Strix aluco</i>; <i>Ta</i>: <i>Tyto alba</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameters", "birds", "prey", "owls", "geographical", "italy", "spain"], "article_id"=>186064, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_community_parameters_between_species_of_birds_of_prey_solid_dots_and_owls_empty_dots_in_two_geographical_regions_Calabria_Italy_on_the_left_and_Galicia_Spain_on_the_right_/186064", "title"=>"Comparison of community parameters between species of birds of prey (solid dots) and owls (empty dots) in two geographical regions, Calabria, Italy (on the left) and Galicia, Spain (on the right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:48:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515755"], "description"=>"<p>P: prevalence (percentage of infected birds, %); I: mean intensity (mean number of worms per infected bird). <i>n</i> is the host sample size; numbers in parentheses are the 95% confidence intervals (C.I.) of each parameter. However, C.I. of mean intensity could not be calculated when the number of infected hosts was 1 or 2. In the latter case, the range of intensities is given in brackets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameters", "helminths", "owls", "calabria"], "article_id"=>186243, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Infection_parameters_of_helminths_found_in_5_species_of_owls_from_Calabria_southern_Italy_/186243", "title"=>"Infection parameters of helminths found in 5 species of owls from Calabria (southern Italy).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:49:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515847"], "description"=>"<p>Classification is based on global records of host species for each helminth taxon (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-Furmaga1\" target=\"_blank\">[63]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-DeMuro1\" target=\"_blank\">[64]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-Dubois1\" target=\"_blank\">[65]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-Dimitrova1\" target=\"_blank\">[66]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-SanMartn1\" target=\"_blank\">[67]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375#pone.0053375-Host1\" target=\"_blank\">[68]</a> and references detailed in the text); data about the geographical distribution of helminth taxa typical from raptors is also listed. Specificity categories are defined in the text. For each helminth taxon, information is also provided about its known or putative intermediate/paratenic hosts (IH/PH) and the number of owl species it infects in Calabria and/or Galicia.</p>1<p>Host species abbreviations:</p><p>Accipitriformes (A): Ac: <i>Aquila clanga</i>; Ach, <i>Aquila chrysaetos</i>; Aco, <i>Accipiter cooperi</i>; Ag, <i>Accipiter gentilis</i>; Agu, <i>Accipiter gularis</i>; Ah, <i>Aquila heliaca</i>; Am, <i>Aegypius monachus</i>; An, <i>Accipiter nisus</i>; Ap, <i>Aquila pennata</i>; Apo, <i>Aquila pomarina</i>; Ar, <i>Aquila rapax</i>; As, <i>Accipiter striatus</i>; At, <i>Accipiter trivirgatus</i>; Bb, <i>Buteo buteo</i>; Bj, <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>; Bl, <i>Buteo lagopus</i>; Bli, <i>Buteo lineatus</i>; Bm, <i>Buteo magnirostris</i>; Bme, <i>Buteogallus meridionalis</i>; Bp, <i>Buteo platypterus</i>; Br, <i>Buteo rufinus</i>; Ca, <i>Circus aeruginosus</i>; Cc, <i>Circus cyaneus</i>; Cg, <i>Circaetus gallicus</i>; Cm, <i>Circus macrourus</i>; Cme: <i>Circus melanoleucos</i>; Cp, <i>Circus pygargus</i>; Ec, <i>Elanius caeruleus</i>; Ef, <i>Elanoides furficatus</i>; Gc, <i>Geranospiza caerulescens</i>; Ha, <i>Haliaeetus albicilla</i>; Hd, <i>Harpagus diodon</i>; Hi, <i>Haliastur indus</i>; Hl, <i>Haliaeetus leucophalus</i>; Mc, <i>Milvago chimango</i>; Mm, <i>Milvus milvus</i>; Mmi, <i>Milvus migrans</i>; Np: <i>Neophron percnopterus</i>; Pa, <i>Pernis apivorus</i>; Ph, <i>Pandion haliaetus</i>; Te, <i>Theratopius ecaudatus.</i></p><p>Falconiformes (F): Fa: <i>Falco ardosiaceus</i>; Fb, <i>Falco biarmicus</i>; Fc, <i>Falco cherrug</i>; Fco, <i>Falco columbarius</i>; Fn, <i>Falco naumanni</i>; Fp, <i>F. peregrinus</i>; Fs, <i>Falco subbuteo</i>; Fsp, <i>Falco sparverius</i>; Fr: <i>Falco rufigularis</i>; Ft, <i>F. tinnunculus</i>; Fv, <i>Falco vespertinus</i>; Mc, <i>Milvago chimachima</i>; Pp, <i>Polyborus plancus.</i></p><p>Strigiformes (S): Aa, <i>Aegolius acadicus</i>; Ab, <i>Athene brama</i>; Af, <i>Asio flammeus</i>; Afu, <i>Aegolius funereus</i>; An, <i>Athene noctua</i>; Ao, <i>Asio otus</i>; Bbu, <i>Bubo bubo</i>; Bv: <i>Bubo virginianus</i>; Gp, <i>Glaucidium passerinum</i>; Ns, <i>Nyctea scandiaca</i>; Oa: <i>Otus asio</i>; Os, <i>Otus scops</i>; Osu, <i>Otus sunia</i>; Sa, <i>Strix aluco</i>; So, <i>Strix occidentalis</i>; Su, <i>Surnia ulula</i>; Sur, <i>Strix uralensis</i>; Sv, <i>Strix varia</i>; Ta, <i>Tyto alba.</i></p>2<p>Most species are typical from birds of prey.</p>3<p>Two species are specific to owls.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["helminth", "taxa", "owls", "calabria", "galicia"], "article_id"=>186326, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>39, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Classification_of_helminth_taxa_collected_from_owls_in_Calabria_C_southern_Italy_and_Galicia_G_northwest_Spain_according_to_host_specificity_/186326", "title"=>"Classification of helminth taxa collected from owls in Calabria (C), southern Italy, and Galicia (G), northwest Spain, according to host specificity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:49:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515463"], "description"=>"<p>The number on the node indicates the probability that the node is random (see text for details). A. Calabria, Italy. B. Galicia, Spain.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hierarchical", "helminth", "fauna", "samples", "birds", "prey", "owls", "geographical", "regions", "bray-curtis", "resemblance", "matrix", "prevalence", "scaled"], "article_id"=>185926, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Group_average_hierarchical_cluster_analysis_of_helminth_fauna_from_samples_of_birds_of_prey_and_owls_in_two_geographical_regions_based_on_a_bray_Curtis_resemblance_matrix_using_prevalence_data_scaled_to_unity_/185926", "title"=>"Group-average hierarchical cluster analysis of helminth fauna from samples of birds of prey and owls in two geographical regions based on a bray-Curtis resemblance matrix using prevalence data scaled to unity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:47:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515709"], "description"=>"<p>Matrix of mean values (with standard devistion in parentheses) of Bray-Curtis index of similarity (expresed as percentage) of helminth infracommunity composition between 5 owl species from the Calabria region, southern Italy.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["devistion", "bray-curtis", "helminth", "infracommunity", "owl", "calabria"], "article_id"=>186188, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Matrix_of_mean_values_with_standard_devistion_in_parentheses_of_Bray_Curtis_index_of_similarity_expresed_as_percentage_of_helminth_infracommunity_composition_between_5_owl_species_from_the_Calabria_region_southern_Italy_/186188", "title"=>"Matrix of mean values (with standard devistion in parentheses) of Bray-Curtis index of similarity (expresed as percentage) of helminth infracommunity composition between 5 owl species from the Calabria region, southern Italy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:48:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/515796"], "description"=>"<p>The parasite taxa that are more frequently dominant in the infracommunities for each host species are also reported. Numbers in brackets are the percentage of hosts in which each parasite taxon is dominant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameters", "gastrointestinal", "helminth", "communities", "owl", "calabria"], "article_id"=>186285, "categories"=>["Microbiology"], "users"=>["Mario Santoro", "Simonetta Mattiucci", "Giuseppe Nascetti", "John M. Kinsella", "Francesca Di Prisco", "Sabatino Troisi", "Nicola D’Alessio", "Vincenzo Veneziano", "Francisco J. Aznar"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053375.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_values_95_C_I_of_4_parameters_of_gastrointestinal_helminth_communities_in_5_owl_species_in_Calabria_southern_Italy_/186285", "title"=>"Mean values (95% C.I.) of 4 parameters of gastrointestinal helminth communities in 5 owl species in Calabria (southern Italy).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:49:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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