Impact of a Partial Smoke-Free Legislation on Myocardial Infarction Incidence, Mortality and Case-Fatality in a Population-Based Registry: The REGICOR Study
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{"title"=>"Impact of a Partial Smoke-Free Legislation on Myocardial Infarction Incidence, Mortality and Case-Fatality in a Population-Based Registry: The REGICOR Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fernando", "last_name"=>"Agüero", "scopus_author_id"=>"19933436300"}, {"first_name"=>"Irene R.", "last_name"=>"Dégano", "scopus_author_id"=>"55889499000"}, {"first_name"=>"Isaac", "last_name"=>"Subirana", "scopus_author_id"=>"13402646200"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Grau", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005583817"}, {"first_name"=>"Alberto", "last_name"=>"Zamora", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005400699"}, {"first_name"=>"Joan", "last_name"=>"Sala", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005792661"}, {"first_name"=>"Rafel", "last_name"=>"Ramos", "scopus_author_id"=>"55318469000"}, {"first_name"=>"Ricard", "last_name"=>"Treserras", "scopus_author_id"=>"55567923300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jaume", "last_name"=>"Marrugat", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006226141"}, {"first_name"=>"Roberto", "last_name"=>"Elosua", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003572421"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84872808353", "sgr"=>"84872808353", "pui"=>"368176427", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23372663", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0053722"}, "id"=>"9ea02847-1edc-3417-986c-be373b5290a2", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death, and smoking its strongest modifiable risk factor. Our aim was to determine the impact of the Spanish 2006 partial smoke-free legislation on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) incidence, hospitalization and mortality rates, and 28-day case-fatality in Girona, Spain. METHODS: Using a population-based registry (the REGICOR Study), we compared population incidence, hospitalization, and mortality rates, and 28-day case-fatality in the pre- and post-ban periods (2002-2005 and 2006-2008, respectively) by binomial regression analysis adjusted for confounding factors. We also analyzed the ban's impact on the outcomes of interest using the AMI definitions of the American Heart Association (AHA)/European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the World Health Organization (WHO)-Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular diseases (MONICA). RESULTS: In the post-ban period, AMI incidence and mortality rates significantly decreased (relative risk [RR] = 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.81-0.97 and RR = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.71-0.94, respectively). Incidence and mortality rates decreased in both sexes, especially in women, and in people aged 65-74 years. Former and non-smokers (passive smokers) showed diminished incidence rates. Implementation of the ban was not associated with AMI case-fatality. Models tended to be more significant with the WHO-MONICA than with the AHA/ESC definition. CONCLUSIONS: The 2006 Spanish partial smoke-free legislation was associated with a decrease in population AMI incidence and mortality, particularly in women, in people aged 65-74 years, and in passive smokers. These results clarify the association between AMI mortality and the enactment of a partial smoke-free legislation and reinforce the effectiveness of smoking regulations in preventing CHD.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-partial-smokefree-legislation-myocardial-infarction-incidence-mortality-casefatality-populati", "reader_count"=>47, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>25, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Design"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>25}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Spain"=>4}, "group_count"=>4}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502420"], "description"=>"<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Results</a> from negative binomial regression analysis.</p>*<p>p-value<0.05.</p><p><i>RR</i> relative risk, <i>CI</i> confidence interval, <i>AMI</i> acute myocardial infarction, <i>AHA</i> American Heart Association, <i>ESC</i> European Society of Cardiology.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ci", "ami", "28-day", "case-fatality", "comparing", "2006", "smoke-free"], "article_id"=>172922, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_RR_and_95_CI_for_AMI_mortality_and_28_day_case_fatality_comparing_the_period_after_to_the_period_before_the_2006_partial_smoke_free_legislation_enactment_according_to_the_AHA_ESC_AMI_definition_/172922", "title"=>"RR and 95% CI for AMI mortality and 28-day case-fatality comparing the period after to the period before the 2006 partial smoke-free legislation enactment, according to the AHA/ESC AMI definition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 00:48:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502336"], "description"=>"<p><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Results</a> from negative binomial regression analysis or multiple imputation (MI) analysis,</p>*<p>p-value<0.05.</p><p><i>RR</i> relative risk, <i>CI</i> confidence interval, <i>AMI</i> acute myocardial infarction, <i>AHA</i> American Heart Association, <i>ESC</i> European Society of Cardiology, <i>WHO</i> World Health Organization, <i>MONICA</i> Monitoring Trends and determinants in Cardiovascular diseases.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ci", "ami", "incidence", "comparing", "2006", "smoke-free", "who-monica"], "article_id"=>172840, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_RR_and_95_CI_for_AMI_incidence_comparing_the_period_after_to_the_period_before_the_2006_partial_smoke_free_legislation_enactment_according_to_both_AHA_ESC_and_WHO_MONICA_AMI_definitions_/172840", "title"=>"RR and 95% CI for AMI incidence comparing the period after to the period before the 2006 partial smoke-free legislation enactment, according to both AHA/ESC and WHO-MONICA AMI definitions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 00:47:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477537", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477539", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477541"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background and Objective</h3><p>Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death, and smoking its strongest modifiable risk factor. Our aim was to determine the impact of the Spanish 2006 partial smoke-free legislation on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) incidence, hospitalization and mortality rates, and 28-day case-fatality in Girona, Spain.</p> <h3>Methods</h3><p>Using a population-based registry (the REGICOR Study), we compared population incidence, hospitalization, and mortality rates, and 28-day case-fatality in the pre- and post-ban periods (2002–2005 and 2006–2008, respectively) by binomial regression analysis adjusted for confounding factors. We also analyzed the ban's impact on the outcomes of interest using the AMI definitions of the American Heart Association (AHA)/European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the World Health Organization (WHO)-Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular diseases (MONICA).</p> <h3>Results</h3><p>In the post-ban period, AMI incidence and mortality rates significantly decreased (relative risk [RR] = 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.81–0.97 and RR = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.71–0.94, respectively). Incidence and mortality rates decreased in both sexes, especially in women, and in people aged 65–74 years. Former and non-smokers (passive smokers) showed diminished incidence rates. Implementation of the ban was not associated with AMI case-fatality. Models tended to be more significant with the WHO-MONICA than with the AHA/ESC definition.</p> <h3>Conclusions</h3><p>The 2006 Spanish partial smoke-free legislation was associated with a decrease in population AMI incidence and mortality, particularly in women, in people aged 65–74 years, and in passive smokers. These results clarify the association between AMI mortality and the enactment of a partial smoke-free legislation and reinforce the effectiveness of smoking regulations in preventing CHD.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["smoke-free", "myocardial", "infarction", "case-fatality", "population-based", "regicor", "study"], "article_id"=>154054, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Impact_of_a_Partial_Smoke_Free_Legislation_on_Myocardial_Infarction_Incidence_Mortality_and_Case_Fatality_in_a_Population_Based_Registry_The_REGICOR_Study__/154054", "title"=>"Impact of a Partial Smoke-Free Legislation on Myocardial Infarction Incidence, Mortality and Case-Fatality in a Population-Based Registry: The REGICOR Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:07:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502028"], "description"=>"<p>Time trend of the 2002–2008 AMI incidence and mortality crude rates according to the AHA/ESC AMI definition. Annual rates are plotted in the middle of each year. A vertical bar in 2006 indicates the start of the partial smoke-free legislation. Upper left panel: AMI incidence in women, upper right panel: AMI mortality in women, lower left panel: AMI incidence in men, lower right panel: AMI mortality in men. Abbreviations: <i>AMI</i> acute myocardial infarction, <i>AHA</i> American Heart Association, <i>ESC</i> European Society of Cardiology.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ami", "incidence", "crude", "rates"], "article_id"=>172535, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_AMI_incidence_and_mortality_crude_rates_by_sex_and_age_group_/172535", "title"=>"Annual AMI incidence and mortality crude rates by sex and age group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 00:42:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502293"], "description"=>"<p><i>AMI</i> acute myocardial infarction, <i>AHA</i> American Heart Association, <i>ESC</i> European Society of Cardiology, <i>SD</i> Standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patients", "ami", "girona"], "article_id"=>172805, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_patients_with_AMI_in_Girona_Province_Spain_in_2002_8211_2008_according_to_the_AHA_ESC_AMI_definition_/172805", "title"=>"Characteristics of patients with AMI in Girona Province (Spain), in 2002–2008, according to the AHA/ESC AMI definition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 00:46:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502372"], "description"=>"<p><i>AMI</i> acute myocardial infarction, <i>AHA</i> American Heart Association, <i>ESC</i> European Society of Cardiology.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ami", "hospitalization", "rates", "28-day", "case-fatality"], "article_id"=>172883, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Fernando Agüero", "Irene R. Dégano", "Isaac Subirana", "Maria Grau", "Alberto Zamora", "Joan Sala", "Rafel Ramos", "Ricard Treserras", "Jaume Marrugat", "Roberto Elosua"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053722.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_AMI_incidence_hospitalization_and_mortality_rates_and_28_day_case_fatality_by_age_group_or_sex_in_2002_8211_2008_according_to_the_AHA_ESC_AMI_definition_/172883", "title"=>"Annual AMI incidence, hospitalization and mortality rates and 28-day case-fatality by age group or sex, in 2002–2008, according to the AHA/ESC AMI definition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 00:48:03"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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