Reward Associations Reduce Behavioral Interference by Changing the Temporal Dynamics of Conflict Processing
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{"title"=>"Reward Associations Reduce Behavioral Interference by Changing the Temporal Dynamics of Conflict Processing", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ruth M.", "last_name"=>"Krebs", "scopus_author_id"=>"36793244200"}, {"first_name"=>"Carsten N.", "last_name"=>"Boehler", "scopus_author_id"=>"12240277500"}, {"first_name"=>"Lawrence G.", "last_name"=>"Appelbaum", "scopus_author_id"=>"17345111300"}, {"first_name"=>"Marty G.", "last_name"=>"Woldorff", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003631919"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368101391", "sgr"=>"84872225669", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23326530", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84872225669", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0053894", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"79f7f849-c333-3421-b9b6-7eef50695399", "abstract"=>"Associating stimuli with the prospect of reward typically facilitates responses to those stimuli due to an enhancement of attentional and cognitive-control processes. Such reward-induced facilitation might be especially helpful when cognitive-control mechanisms are challenged, as when one must overcome interference from irrelevant inputs. Here, we investigated the neural dynamics of reward effects in a color-naming Stroop task by employing event-related potentials (ERPs). We found that behavioral facilitation in potential-reward trials, as compared to no-reward trials, was paralleled by early ERP modulations likely indexing increased attention to the reward-predictive stimulus. Moreover, reward changed the temporal dynamics of conflict-related ERP components, which may be a consequence of an early access to the various stimulus features and their relationships. Finally, although word meanings referring to potential-reward colors were always task-irrelevant, they caused greater interference compared to words referring to no-reward colors, an effect that was accompanied by a relatively early fronto-central ERP modulation. This latter observation suggests that task-irrelevant reward information can undermine goal-directed behavior at an early processing stage, presumably reflecting priming of a goal-incompatible response. Yet, these detrimental effects of incongruent reward-related words were absent in potential-reward trials, apparently due to the prioritized processing of task-relevant reward information. Taken together, the present data demonstrate that reward associations can influence conflict processing by changing the temporal dynamics of stimulus processing and subsequent cognitive-control mechanisms.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/reward-associations-reduce-behavioral-interference-changing-temporal-dynamics-conflict-processing", "reader_count"=>96, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>15, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>32, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>15, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>32, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>66, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>66}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "China"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/510126"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Within no-reward trials, the direct comparison between two types of incongruent word meanings, i.e., those that were related to reward versus those that were unrelated to reward (<i>Wi$-Wi0</i>), revealed a negative component over fronto-central sites. (<b>B</b>) In contrast, the analogous comparison in potential-reward trials did not yield any significant differences. Gray-shaded areas indicate significant mean-amplitude differences in the respective ROIs (p-values<.05). (<b>C</b>) ERP waveforms for each condition as well as the respective ERP difference waves are shown for selected ROIs (averaged across channels).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["irrelevant"], "article_id"=>180627, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ruth M. Krebs", "Carsten N. Boehler", "Lawrence G. Appelbaum", "Marty G. Woldorff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053894.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Influences_of_reward_in_the_irrelevant_dimension_on_conflict_processing_/180627", "title"=>"Influences of reward in the irrelevant dimension on conflict processing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:18:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/509975"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Averaged ERP distribution maps of the difference between congruent potential-reward and congruent no-reward trials reveal reward-induced modulations of the frontal N200, the parietal P300, and the occiptal N200 components. (<b>B</b>) In incongruent trials (collapsed across the two different word-meaning types <i>Wi0</i> and <i>Wi$</i>), the reward-induced positive-polarity effects were substantially attenuated. Gray-shaded areas indicate significant mean-amplitude differences in the respective regions of interest (ROIs; p-values<.05). (<b>C</b>) ERP waveforms for each condition as well as the respective ERP difference waves are shown for selected ROIs (averaged across channels).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>180475, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ruth M. Krebs", "Carsten N. Boehler", "Lawrence G. Appelbaum", "Marty G. Woldorff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053894.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_reward_on_early_stimulus_processing_/180475", "title"=>"Effects of reward on early stimulus processing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:17:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/509890"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Colored words were presented for 600 ms on a black background, separated by an inter-trial interval (ITI) of 1200–1600 ms. (<b>B</b>) Four font colors and the corresponding word meanings were randomly combined in each trial, thereby creating congruent and incongruent Stroop stimuli. Participants responded to the word’s font color (relevant dimension) while ignoring the word meaning (irrelevant dimension). Responses to a subset of font colors were associated with monetary incentives (e.g., green/blue, <i>potential-reward trials</i>), while the remaining colors were not (e.g., red/yellow, <i>no-reward trials</i>). Task-irrelevant word meanings could be congruent (<i>Wc</i>) or incongruent (<i>Wi</i>) to the font color, while the latter could furthermore implicitly refer to potential-reward colors (<i>Wi$</i>) or not (<i>Wi0</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>180385, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ruth M. Krebs", "Carsten N. Boehler", "Lawrence G. Appelbaum", "Marty G. Woldorff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053894.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stimuli_and_design_/180385", "title"=>"Stimuli and design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:16:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/510180"], "description"=>"<p>Wc, congruent; Wi0, incongruent reward-unrelated; Wi$, incongruent reward-related.</p><p>RT, response time; SD, standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["color-naming", "stroop"], "article_id"=>180674, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ruth M. Krebs", "Carsten N. Boehler", "Lawrence G. Appelbaum", "Marty G. Woldorff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053894.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Performance_in_the_color_naming_Stroop_task_/180674", "title"=>"Performance in the color-naming Stroop task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:18:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/510059"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Averaged ERP distribution maps of the difference between incongruent and congruent trials (<i>Wi0-Wc</i>) in no-reward trials reveal the incongruency-related negativity (N<sub>inc</sub>) over centro-parietal sites followed by the late positivity component (LPC) over parietal sites. (<b>B</b>) The analogous comparison in potential-reward trials revealed that the N<sub>inc</sub> and LPC components were replaced by earlier modulations in the centro-parietal and parietal ROIs. Gray-shaded areas indicate significant mean-amplitude differences in the respective ROIs (p-values<.05). (<b>C</b>) ERP waveforms for each condition as well as the respective ERP difference waves are shown for selected ROIs (averaged across channels).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>180553, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ruth M. Krebs", "Carsten N. Boehler", "Lawrence G. Appelbaum", "Marty G. Woldorff"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053894.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Influences_of_reward_in_the_relevant_dimension_on_conflict_processing_/180553", "title"=>"Influences of reward in the relevant dimension on conflict processing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:17:51"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 449, 572, 676, 775, 866, 955, 1041, 1127, 1213, 1290, 1370, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[284, 458, 579, 688, 782, 879, 957, 1048, 1126, 1204, 1280, 1357, 1415]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[253, 430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Linguistics", "average_usage"=>[290, 461, 572, 671, 770, 847, 934, 1000, 1096, 1189, 1263, 1319, 1382]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[294, 460, 580, 683, 777, 868, 957, 1044, 1124, 1202, 1276, 1356, 1422]}]}
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