An ERP Study of Good Production vis-à-vis Poor Perception of Tones in Cantonese: Implications for Top-Down Speech Processing
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{"title"=>"An ERP Study of Good Production vis-à-vis Poor Perception of Tones in Cantonese: Implications for Top-Down Speech Processing", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sam Po", "last_name"=>"Law", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202242088"}, {"first_name"=>"Roxana", "last_name"=>"Fung", "scopus_author_id"=>"55225207500"}, {"first_name"=>"Carmen", "last_name"=>"Kung", "scopus_author_id"=>"55559968100"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368133789", "sgr"=>"84872435011", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0054396", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84872435011", "pmid"=>"23342146"}, "id"=>"7fdcbd74-44d2-3c33-bb98-272b437aa741", "abstract"=>"This study investigated a theoretically challenging dissociation between good production and poor perception of tones among neurologically unimpaired native speakers of Cantonese. The dissociation is referred to as the near-merger phenomenon in sociolinguistic studies of sound change. In a passive oddball paradigm, lexical and nonlexical syllables of the T1/T6 and T4/T6 contrasts were presented to elicit the mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a from two groups of participants, those who could produce and distinguish all tones in the language (Control) and those who could produce all tones but specifically failed to distinguish between T4 and T6 in perception (Dissociation). The presence of MMN to T1/T6 and null response to T4/T6 of lexical syllables in the dissociation group confirmed the near-merger phenomenon. The observation that the control participants exhibited a statistically reliable MMN to lexical syllables of T1/T6, weaker responses to nonlexical syllables of T1/T6 and lexical syllables of T4/T6, and finally null response to nonlexical syllables of T4/T6, suggests the involvement of top-down processing in speech perception. Furthermore, the stronger P3a response of the control group, compared with the dissociation group in the same experimental conditions, may be taken to indicate higher cognitive capability in attention switching, auditory attention or memory in the control participants. This cognitive difference, together with our speculation that constant top-down predictions without complete bottom-up analysis of acoustic signals in speech recognition may reduce one's sensitivity to small acoustic contrasts, account for the occurrence of dissociation in some individuals but not others.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/erp-study-good-production-vis%C3%A0vis-poor-perception-tones-cantonese-implications-topdown-speech-proces", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Linguistics"=>22}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>22}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/506908"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. T1/T6 = contrast between T1 and T6, T4/T6 = contrast between T4 and T6, lexical = lexical syllable, nonlexical = nonlexical syllable, *** = <i>p</i><.005, **** = <i>p</i><.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mmn", "amplitude", "syllable", "tonal"], "article_id"=>177427, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Sam-Po Law", "Roxana Fung", "Carmen Kung"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054396.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_MMN_amplitude_of_different_syllable_type_and_tonal_contrast_conditions_/177427", "title"=>"Average MMN amplitude of different syllable type and tonal contrast conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:00:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/506722"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. Grand-averaged difference waves and dummy waves at the FCz electrode for illustration, with significant clusters (statistically significant ones in grey and clusters uncorrected for multiple comparisons in orange) considered as MMN or P3a components and their corresponding topographs (significant electrodes in black and FCz in white).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tonal", "contrasts", "lexical", "nonlexical"], "article_id"=>177237, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Sam-Po Law", "Roxana Fung", "Carmen Kung"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054396.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Panel_A_Tonal_contrasts_of_lexical_syllables_Panel_B_Tonal_contrasts_of_nonlexical_syllables_/177237", "title"=>"Panel A. Tonal contrasts of lexical syllables. Panel B. Tonal contrasts of nonlexical syllables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:59:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/506991"], "description"=>"<p>MMN peak latencies (post-divergence point) by participant group in different syllable and tonal contrast conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["latencies", "syllable", "tonal"], "article_id"=>177512, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Sam-Po Law", "Roxana Fung", "Carmen Kung"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054396.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MMN_peak_latencies_post_divergence_point_by_participant_group_in_different_syllable_and_tonal_contrast_conditions_/177512", "title"=>"MMN peak latencies (post-divergence point) by participant group in different syllable and tonal contrast conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:01:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/506519"], "description"=>"<p>Pitch contours of time-normalized syllable <i>fu</i> in Cantonese.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["contours", "time-normalized", "syllable"], "article_id"=>177034, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Sam-Po Law", "Roxana Fung", "Carmen Kung"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054396.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>88, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pitch_contours_of_time_normalized_syllable_fu_in_Cantonese_/177034", "title"=>"Pitch contours of time-normalized syllable <i>fu</i> in Cantonese.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:58:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/506962"], "description"=>"<p>Participants’ performance in mean (<i>SD</i>) in the tone discrimination and production tasks.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "otolaryngology"], "article_id"=>177483, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Sam-Po Law", "Roxana Fung", "Carmen Kung"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054396.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participants_performance_in_mean_SD_in_the_tone_discrimination_and_production_tasks_/177483", "title"=>"Participants’ performance in mean (<i>SD</i>) in the tone discrimination and production tasks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 17:01:05"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[284, 458, 579, 688, 782, 879, 957, 1048, 1126, 1204, 1280, 1357, 1415]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Linguistics", "average_usage"=>[290, 461, 572, 671, 770, 847, 934, 1000, 1096, 1189, 1263, 1319, 1382]}]}
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