Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes Exhibit Decreased Repellency by DEET following Previous Exposure
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{"title"=>"Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes Exhibit Decreased Repellency by DEET following Previous Exposure", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nina M.", "last_name"=>"Stanczyk", "scopus_author_id"=>"26428916000"}, {"first_name"=>"John F.Y.", "last_name"=>"Brookfield", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004532276"}, {"first_name"=>"Linda M.", "last_name"=>"Field", "scopus_author_id"=>"7203030239"}, {"first_name"=>"James G.", "last_name"=>"Logan", "scopus_author_id"=>"16744378800"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23437043", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874257076", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0054438", "sgr"=>"84874257076", "pui"=>"368400210"}, "id"=>"9ea4e0fd-ac1f-318b-81c5-6d393b13934e", "abstract"=>"DEET (N,N-Diethyl-m-toluamide) is one of the most widely used mosquito repellents. Although DEET has been shown to be extremely effective, recent studies have revealed that certain individual insects are unaffected by its presence. A genetic basis for this has been shown in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, but, for the triatomine bug, Rhodnius prolixus, a decrease in response to DEET occurred shortly after previous exposure, indicating that non-genetic factors may also be involved in DEET \"insensitivity\". In this study, we examined host-seeking behaviour and electrophysiological responses of A. aegypti after pre-exposure to DEET. We found that three hours after pre-exposure the mosquitoes showed behavioural insensitivity, and electroantennography revealed this correlated with the olfactory receptor neurons responding less to DEET. The change in behaviour as a result of pre-exposure to DEET has implications for the use of repellents and the ability of mosquitoes to overcome them.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-exhibit-decreased-repellency-deet-following-previous-exposure", "reader_count"=>108, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>72, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>6, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Design"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>6}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>72}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Norway"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/956773"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion of female <i>Aedes aegypti</i> mosquitoes probing in response to a treatment on first exposure (treatment 1) or to a second treatment after pre-exposure to a treatment 3 hours previously (treatment 1/treatment 2). Treatments were <b>A</b>: a control arm (CA) (0.5 ml ethanol), a DEET treated arm (DA) (0.5 ml, 20% in ethanol); <b>B</b>: a hemotek heating device with nylon control (H) (0.5 ml hexane), a hemotek device with nylon spotted with DEET (HD) (0.5 ml, 20% in redistilled hexane); <b>C</b>: a section of nylon spotted with DEET with no other stimulus (D). Means are ± SEM. Means with different letters are significantly different from each other (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["repellency"], "article_id"=>627046, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Nina M. Stanczyk", "John F. Y. Brookfield", "Linda M. Field", "James G. Logan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054438.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioural_repellency_on_second_exposure_/627046", "title"=>"Behavioural repellency on second exposure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 13:17:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/956791"], "description"=>"<p>EAG responses of female <i>Aedes aegypti</i> showing behavioural DEET-sensitivity (s) or DEET-insensitivity (i) in experiment 1. Mosquitoes of unknown DEET-sensitivity (s+i) were collected from cages tested with a control arm. DEET-insensitive females were collected from cages tested with DEET on an arm (DA), tested first with a control arm and then DEET on an arm (CA/DA), and tested with DEET on an arm then retested with DEET on an arm (DA/DA). DEET-sensitive mosquitoes were also collected from cages tested with DEET on an arm and then retested with DEET on an arm (DA/DA). Means are ± SEM. Means with different letters are significantly different from each other (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["responses", "deet-sensitive", "insensitive"], "article_id"=>627064, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Nina M. Stanczyk", "John F. Y. Brookfield", "Linda M. Field", "James G. Logan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054438.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Olfactory_responses_of_DEET_sensitive_and_insensitive_mosquitoes_/627064", "title"=>"Olfactory responses of DEET-sensitive and insensitive mosquitoes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 13:18:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1010237"], "description"=>"<p>Twenty mosquitoes were tested with a treatment (0 hr) and then re-tested after 3 hours. Experiment 1 tested against a control arm (0.5 ml ethanol) (CA) or DEET on an arm (0.5 ml, 20%) (DA). N = 10. Individuals collected for EAG were sensitive (s) or insensitive (i) to DEET, or collected at random. Experiment 2 tested a nylon control on a heat source (0.5 ml redistilled hexane) (H), or DEET on a section of nylon on a heat source (0.5 ml, 20% in redistilled hexane) (HD). N = 10. Experiment 3 tested DEET on a section of nylon tights with no arm present (0.5 ml, 20% DEET) (D). N = 10.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiments", "treatments", "tested"], "article_id"=>670659, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Nina M. Stanczyk", "John F. Y. Brookfield", "Linda M. Field", "James G. Logan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054438.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_experiments_and_the_treatments_tested_with_female_Aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_/670659", "title"=>"Description of experiments and the treatments tested with female <i>Aedes aegypti</i> mosquitoes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 00:10:59"}

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Relative Metric

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