Brain Processing of Visual Information during Fast Eye Movements Maintains Motor Performance
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{"title"=>"Brain Processing of Visual Information during Fast Eye Movements Maintains Motor Performance", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Muriel", "last_name"=>"Panouillères", "scopus_author_id"=>"16048363900"}, {"first_name"=>"Valérie", "last_name"=>"Gaveau", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507415031"}, {"first_name"=>"Camille", "last_name"=>"Socasau", "scopus_author_id"=>"55596930900"}, {"first_name"=>"Christian", "last_name"=>"Urquizar", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507681164"}, {"first_name"=>"Denis", "last_name"=>"Pélisson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004325823"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84873839039", "pmid"=>"23382932", "pui"=>"368226710", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873839039", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0054641", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"77828c2f-f5b0-3bf5-bdbd-364a87e38d02", "abstract"=>"Movement accuracy depends crucially on the ability to detect errors while actions are being performed. When inaccuracies occur repeatedly, both an immediate motor correction and a progressive adaptation of the motor command can unfold. Of all the movements in the motor repertoire of humans, saccadic eye movements are the fastest. Due to the high speed of saccades, and to the impairment of visual perception during saccades, a phenomenon called \"saccadic suppression\", it is widely believed that the adaptive mechanisms maintaining saccadic performance depend critically on visual error signals acquired after saccade completion. Here, we demonstrate that, contrary to this widespread view, saccadic adaptation can be based entirely on visual information presented during saccades. Our results show that visual error signals introduced during saccade execution--by shifting a visual target at saccade onset and blanking it at saccade offset--induce the same level of adaptation as error signals, presented for the same duration, but after saccade completion. In addition, they reveal that this processing of intra-saccadic visual information for adaptation depends critically on visual information presented during the deceleration phase, but not the acceleration phase, of the saccade. These findings demonstrate that the human central nervous system can use short intra-saccadic glimpses of visual information for motor adaptation, and they call for a reappraisal of current models of saccadic adaptation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/brain-processing-visual-information-during-fast-eye-movements-maintains-motor-performance", "reader_count"=>37, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>9, "Philosophy"=>1, "Psychology"=>12, "Computer Science"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>9}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>12}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/498734"], "description"=>"<p>Gain changes computed relative to pre-exposure are represented as a function of the phases (pre-, four blocks of exposure, post-). For the backward (A) and forward (B) experiments the intra-saccadic (blue), post-saccadic (purple) and no-shift (black) sessions are shown separately. For the acceleration/deceleration (C) experiment, the acceleration (red), deceleration (green) and no-shift (black) sessions are represented separately. The symbols represent mean gain changes for pre- and post-exposure phases as well as for each block of the exposure phase. The shaded areas in the exposure phase represent one standard error of the mean (SEM). The error bars in post-exposure phase show SEMs. The asterisks indicate significant differences in after-effect (computed as post- versus pre- difference) between both the intra-saccadic and post-saccadic sessions with the no-shift session: *** <i>P</i><0.001 (post-hoc Bonferroni tests). Note that the baseline gain of saccades measured during the pre-exposure phase was submitted for each experiment to a two-way ANOVA with session and saccade direction (rightward vs leftward) as factors. No main effect and no interaction was detected for any of the three experiments (backward: F<sub>2,18</sub><0.71, <i>P</i>>0.5; forward: F<sub>2,18</sub><1.28, <i>P</i>>0.3; acceleration/deceleration: F<sub>2,8</sub><3.76, <i>P</i>>0.07). This indicates that baseline gain was similar for the three sessions of each experiment. Moreover, because of the lack of effect of the saccade direction factor, data of the rightward and leftward saccades were pooled for this figure and for subsequent analyses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["after-effects"], "article_id"=>169254, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience"], "users"=>["Muriel Panouillères", "Valérie Gaveau", "Camille Socasau", "Christian Urquizar", "Denis Pélisson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054641.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Adaptation_development_and_after_effects_in_the_three_experiments_/169254", "title"=>"Adaptation development and after-effects in the three experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:16:06"}
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