Bats of a Gender Flock Together: Sexual Segregation in a Subtropical Bat
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486533", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486535"], "description"=>"<div><p>Competition has long been assumed to be a major driver in regulating ecological communities. Intra-specific competition is considered to be maximal as members of the same species use the same ecological niches in a similar way. Many species of animals exhibit great physiological, behavioral, and morphological differences between sexes (sexual dimorphism). Here we report an extreme geographical segregation between the sexes in the greater mouse-tailed bat (<i>Rhinopoma microphyllum)</i>. To gain insight into the driving mechanisms of sexual segregation outside the mating season, we collected and integrated environmental, behavioral, physiological, and spatial information. We found that both sexes choose roosts with similar characteristics and the same food type, but use different habitats for different durations. Males forage around cliffs at higher and cooler elevations while females forage in lowlands around a river delta. We suggest that it is their different physiological and social needs, and not competition, that drives sexual segregation in this species.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bats", "flock", "segregation", "subtropical", "bat"], "article_id"=>157272, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Eran Levin", "Uri Roll", "Amit Dolev", "Yoram Yom-Tov", "Noga Kronfeld-Shcor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054987.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054987.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Bats_of_a_Gender_Flock_Together_Sexual_Segregation_in_a_Subtropical_Bat__/157272", "title"=>"Bats of a Gender Flock Together: Sexual Segregation in a Subtropical Bat", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-02-18 02:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486858"], "description"=>"<p>The small female foraging site in the middle of the males' region represents only one female – Da (see results).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["roosting", "kernel", "roaming", "regions"], "article_id"=>157379, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Eran Levin", "Uri Roll", "Amit Dolev", "Yoram Yom-Tov", "Noga Kronfeld-Shcor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054987.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Male_and_female_summer_roosting_locations_90_kernel_and_roaming_regions_blue_8202_8202_males_red_8202_8202_females_against_a_summer_minimum_temperature_background_/157379", "title"=>"Male and female summer roosting locations, 90% kernel and roaming regions (blue  =  males' red  =  females) against a summer minimum temperature background.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-18 02:02:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/486977"], "description"=>"<p>(slope 0.19 and 0.06 for males and females respectively, ANCOVA: P<0.0001, F = 247).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology"], "article_id"=>157498, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Eran Levin", "Uri Roll", "Amit Dolev", "Yoram Yom-Tov", "Noga Kronfeld-Shcor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054987.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Male_empty_circles_and_female_filled_circles_R_microphyllum_body_mass_during_the_summer_/157498", "title"=>"Male (empty circles) and female (filled circles) <i>R. microphyllum</i> body mass during the summer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-18 02:04:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/487042"], "description"=>"<p>For females the best predicting model included only altitude span for each cell. For males the best predicting model included only the altitude standard-deviation for each cell. Also shown are the localities of the bats (upper right corner) in the time frame of the analysis – after the first hour of activity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gwr"], "article_id"=>157562, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Eran Levin", "Uri Roll", "Amit Dolev", "Yoram Yom-Tov", "Noga Kronfeld-Shcor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054987.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Female_A_and_male_B_GWR_model_coefficients_/157562", "title"=>"Female (A) and male (B) GWR model coefficients.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-18 02:06:02"}

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Relative Metric

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