Neurocranial osteology and neuroanatomy of a late Cretaceous titanosaurian sauropod from Spain (Ampelosaurus sp.)
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{"title"=>"Neurocranial Osteology and Neuroanatomy of a Late Cretaceous Titanosaurian Sauropod from Spain (Ampelosaurus sp.)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fabien", "last_name"=>"Knoll", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004083486"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryan C.", "last_name"=>"Ridgely", "scopus_author_id"=>"14629484300"}, {"first_name"=>"Francisco", "last_name"=>"Ortega", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102751907"}, {"first_name"=>"Jose Luis", "last_name"=>"Sanz", "scopus_author_id"=>"56235144600"}, {"first_name"=>"Lawrence M.", "last_name"=>"Witmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601970331"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84872804301", "sgr"=>"84872804301", "pui"=>"368176491", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23355905", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0054991"}, "id"=>"62dea08d-12b1-3473-98dd-60e93965ca81", "abstract"=>"Titanosaurians were a flourishing group of sauropod dinosaurs during Cretaceous times. Fossils of titanosaurians have been found on all continents and their remains are abundant in a number of Late Cretaceous sites. Nonetheless, the cranial anatomy of titanosaurians is still very poorly known. The Spanish latest Cretaceous locality of \"Lo Hueco\" yielded a relatively well preserved, titanosaurian braincase, which shares a number of phylogenetically restricted characters with Ampelosaurus atacis from France such as a flat occipital region. However, it appears to differ from A. atacis in some traits such as the greater degree of dorsoventral compression and the presence of proatlas facets. The specimen is, therefore, provisionally identified as Ampelosaurus sp. It was CT scanned, and 3D renderings of the cranial endocast and inner-ear system were generated. Our investigation highlights that, although titanosaurs were derived sauropods with a successful evolutionary history, they present a remarkably modest level of paleoneurological organization. Compared with the condition in the basal titanosauriform Giraffatitan brancai, the labyrinth of Ampelosaurus sp. shows a reduced morphology. The latter feature is possibly related to a restricted range of head-turning movements.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/neurocranial-osteology-neuroanatomy-late-cretaceous-titanosaurian-sauropod-spain-ampelosaurus-sp", "reader_count"=>41, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>24}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>24}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/504755"], "description"=>"<p>In lateral view. Orientation was determined with the lateral semicircular canal held roughly horizontal. Abbreviations: CRC, crus commune; CSC, caudal ( = posterior, inferior) semicircular canal; FV, fenestra vestibuli ( = oval window); LSC, lateral ( = horizontal) semicircular canal; RSC, rostral ( = anterior, superior) semicircular canal; VE, vestibule of inner ear. Scale bar equals 1 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ct-based", "endosseous", "labyrinth", "titanosaurian", "sauropod", "cretaceous"], "article_id"=>175264, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fabien Knoll", "Ryan C. Ridgely", "Francisco Ortega", "Jose Luis Sanz", "Lawrence M. Witmer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_rendered_CT_based_image_of_the_endosseous_labyrinth_of_the_right_inner_ear_of_the_titanosaurian_sauropod_Ampelosaurus_sp_MCCM_HUE_8741_from_the_Cretaceous_of_Fuentes_Spain_/175264", "title"=>"Surface-rendered CT-based image of the endosseous labyrinth of the right inner ear of the titanosaurian sauropod <i>Ampelosaurus</i> sp. (MCCM-HUE-8741) from the Cretaceous of Fuentes, Spain.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:27:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/504516"], "description"=>"<p>In right lateral (A), caudal (B), dorsal (C), and ventral (D) views. Abbreviations: CER, cerebrum; DE, dural expansion; III, oculomotor nerve; IX, glossopharyngeal nerve; LAB, labyrinth; MO, medulla oblongata; OT, olfactory tract; PFO, pituitary fossa; V, trigeminal nerve; VI, abducens nerve; VII, facial nerve; X-XI, vagoaccessory nerve; XII, hypoglossal nerve. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ct-based", "images", "cranial", "endocast", "endosseous", "labyrinth", "titanosaurian", "sauropod", "ampelosaurus", "cretaceous"], "article_id"=>175021, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fabien Knoll", "Ryan C. Ridgely", "Francisco Ortega", "Jose Luis Sanz", "Lawrence M. Witmer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_rendered_CT_based_images_of_the_cranial_endocast_and_endosseous_labyrinth_of_the_titanosaurian_sauropod_Ampelosaurus_sp_MCCM_HUE_8741_from_the_Cretaceous_of_Fuentes_Spain_/175021", "title"=>"Surface-rendered CT-based images of the cranial endocast and endosseous labyrinth of the titanosaurian sauropod Ampelosaurus sp. (MCCM-HUE-8741) from the Cretaceous of Fuentes, Spain.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:23:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/504250"], "description"=>"<p>In dorsal (A), ventral (B), rostral (C), caudal (D), and left lateral (E) views. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ct-based", "images", "braincase", "titanosaurian", "sauropod", "cretaceous"], "article_id"=>174758, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fabien Knoll", "Ryan C. Ridgely", "Francisco Ortega", "Jose Luis Sanz", "Lawrence M. Witmer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Volume_rendered_CT_based_images_of_the_braincase_of_the_titanosaurian_sauropod_Ampelosaurus_sp_MCCM_HUE_8741_from_the_Cretaceous_of_Fuentes_Spain_/174758", "title"=>"Volume-rendered CT-based images of the braincase of the titanosaurian sauropod <i>Ampelosaurus</i> sp. (MCCM-HUE-8741) from the Cretaceous of Fuentes, Spain.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:19:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477893", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477894", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/477895"], "description"=>"<div><p>Titanosaurians were a flourishing group of sauropod dinosaurs during Cretaceous times. Fossils of titanosaurians have been found on all continents and their remains are abundant in a number of Late Cretaceous sites. Nonetheless, the cranial anatomy of titanosaurians is still very poorly known. The Spanish latest Cretaceous locality of “Lo Hueco” yielded a relatively well preserved, titanosaurian braincase, which shares a number of phylogenetically restricted characters with <em>Ampelosaurus atacis</em> from France such as a flat occipital region. However, it appears to differ from <em>A. atacis</em> in some traits such as the greater degree of dorsoventral compression and the presence of proatlas facets. The specimen is, therefore, provisionally identified as <em>Ampelosaurus</em> sp. It was CT scanned, and 3D renderings of the cranial endocast and inner-ear system were generated. Our investigation highlights that, although titanosaurs were derived sauropods with a successful evolutionary history, they present a remarkably modest level of paleoneurological organization. Compared with the condition in the basal titanosauriform <em>Giraffatitan brancai</em>, the labyrinth of <em>Ampelosaurus</em> sp. shows a reduced morphology. The latter feature is possibly related to a restricted range of head-turning movements.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neurocranial", "osteology", "neuroanatomy", "cretaceous", "titanosaurian", "sauropod", "spain"], "article_id"=>154140, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fabien Knoll", "Ryan C. Ridgely", "Francisco Ortega", "Jose Luis Sanz", "Lawrence M. Witmer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Neurocranial_Osteology_and_Neuroanatomy_of_a_Late_Cretaceous_Titanosaurian_Sauropod_from_Spain_Ampelosaurus_sp__/154140", "title"=>"Neurocranial Osteology and Neuroanatomy of a Late Cretaceous Titanosaurian Sauropod from Spain (<em>Ampelosaurus</em> sp.)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:09:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/503561"], "description"=>"<p>In dorsal (A), ventral (B), rostral (C), caudal (D), and left lateral (E) views. Abbreviations: BO, basioccipital; BS, basisphenoid; EO-OP, exoccipital-opisthotic/otoccipital; F, frontal; LS, laterosphenoid; OS, orbitosphenoid; P, parietal; PR, prootic; SO, supraoccipital. Scale bar equals 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["braincase", "titanosaurian", "sauropod", "cretaceous"], "article_id"=>174079, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Fabien Knoll", "Ryan C. Ridgely", "Francisco Ortega", "Jose Luis Sanz", "Lawrence M. Witmer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054991.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photographs_of_the_braincase_of_the_titanosaurian_sauropod_Ampelosaurus_sp_MCCM_HUE_8741_from_the_Cretaceous_of_Fuentes_Spain_/174079", "title"=>"Photographs of the braincase of the titanosaurian sauropod <i>Ampelosaurus</i> sp. (MCCM-HUE-8741) from the Cretaceous of Fuentes, Spain.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-23 01:07:59"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[248, 440, 562, 666, 765, 856, 944, 1028, 1112, 1198, 1282, 1362, 1430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[261, 444, 554, 655, 748, 834, 923, 1004, 1089, 1170, 1244, 1315, 1380]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[281, 484, 611, 728, 835, 934, 1030, 1123, 1214, 1299, 1383, 1464]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[248, 441, 564, 668, 769, 859, 948, 1034, 1117, 1202, 1290, 1368, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[253, 430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Diagnostic medicine", "average_usage"=>[244, 425, 535, 636, 728, 814, 900, 982, 1063, 1139, 1221, 1296, 1361]}]}
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