Ancient DNA from Coral-Hosted Symbiodinium Reveal a Static Mutualism over the Last 172 Years
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{"title"=>"Ancient DNA from Coral-Hosted Symbiodinium Reveal a Static Mutualism over the Last 172 Years", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David M.", "last_name"=>"Baker", "scopus_author_id"=>"55449577100"}, {"first_name"=>"Lee", "last_name"=>"Weigt", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602876023"}, {"first_name"=>"Marilyn", "last_name"=>"Fogel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102455113"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy", "last_name"=>"Knowlton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003849481"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84873530470", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0055057", "pui"=>"368304256", "pmid"=>"23405111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873530470", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"3f64f85d-c1f9-3a2a-8166-395c09638e07", "abstract"=>"Ancient DNA (aDNA) provides powerful evidence for detecting the genetic basis for adaptation to environmental change in many taxa. Among the greatest of changes in our biosphere within the last century is rapid anthropogenic ocean warming. This phenomenon threatens corals with extinction, evidenced by the increasing observation of widespread mortality following mass bleaching events. There is some evidence and conjecture that coral-dinoflagellate symbioses change partnerships in response to changing external conditions over ecological and evolutionary timescales. Until now, we have been unable to ascertain the genetic identity of Symbiodinium hosted by corals prior to the rapid global change of the last century. Here, we show that Symbiodinium cells recovered from dry, century old specimens of 6 host species of octocorals contain sufficient DNA for amplification of the ITS2 subregion of the nuclear ribosomal DNA, commonly used for genotyping within this genus. Through comparisons with modern specimens sampled from similar locales we show that symbiotic associations among several species have been static over the last century, thereby suggesting that adaptive shifts to novel symbiont types is not common among these gorgonians, and perhaps, symbiotic corals in general.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ancient-dna-coralhosted-symbiodinium-reveal-static-mutualism-last-172-years", "reader_count"=>70, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>48}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/493930"], "description"=>"<p>n = total number of specimens sampled for this study.</p><p>(seq.) = total number of specimens yielding consensus sequences used in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055057#pone-0055057-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 1</a>.</p>**<p>Estimated year: Charles Pickering was a crew member of the United States Exploring Expedition at this time.</p>*<p>Year estimated by collector/catalog number.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>164450, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["David M. Baker", "Lee Weigt", "Marilyn Fogel", "Nancy Knowlton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055057.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_specimens_/164450", "title"=>"Summary of specimens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/493769"], "description"=>"<p>Year of collection is noted in each branch label. These groups are shown in comparison to reference sequences from GeoSymbio from common clade B sub-types as well as a clade A3 sequence as an outgroup. Tree construction was based on neighbor-joining. Branch labels indicate the number of unique substitutions per sequence and branches are scaled to average substitutions per site, with the exception of A3 which was cropped.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["extracted", "gorgonian", "its2", "sequences", "museum-held", "specimens", "florida", "cuba", "bahamas"], "article_id"=>164276, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Microbiology"], "users"=>["David M. Baker", "Lee Weigt", "Marilyn Fogel", "Nancy Knowlton"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055057.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_tree_of_Symbiodinium_extracted_from_various_gorgonian_host_species_based_on_ITS2_sequences_from_modern_and_museum_held_specimens_collected_from_Florida_FL_Cuba_CU_and_the_Bahamas_BH_/164276", "title"=>"Phylogenetic tree of <i>Symbiodinium</i> extracted from various gorgonian host species based on ITS2 sequences from modern and museum-held specimens collected from Florida (FL), Cuba (CU), and the Bahamas (BH).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:49:30"}

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Relative Metric

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