First Molecular Epidemiology Study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Kiribati
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{"title"=>"First Molecular Epidemiology Study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Kiribati", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Eman", "last_name"=>"Aleksic", "scopus_author_id"=>"35739762800"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthias", "last_name"=>"Merker", "scopus_author_id"=>"55576328600"}, {"first_name"=>"Helen", "last_name"=>"Cox", "scopus_author_id"=>"35228720000"}, {"first_name"=>"Bereka", "last_name"=>"Reiher", "scopus_author_id"=>"55576042400"}, {"first_name"=>"Zamberi", "last_name"=>"Sekawi", "scopus_author_id"=>"24767961300"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna C.", "last_name"=>"Hearps", "scopus_author_id"=>"14621433600"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire E.", "last_name"=>"Ryan", "scopus_author_id"=>"12645005400"}, {"first_name"=>"Adele V.", "last_name"=>"Lee", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198976674"}, {"first_name"=>"Regis", "last_name"=>"Goursaud", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506259181"}, {"first_name"=>"Clement", "last_name"=>"Malau", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603476886"}, {"first_name"=>"Janet", "last_name"=>"O'Connor", "scopus_author_id"=>"36780441300"}, {"first_name"=>"Catherine L.", "last_name"=>"Cherry", "scopus_author_id"=>"26647998800"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefan", "last_name"=>"Niemann", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006827120"}, {"first_name"=>"Suzanne M.", "last_name"=>"Crowe", "scopus_author_id"=>"35415007300"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368246806", "sgr"=>"84873163328", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23383187", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873163328", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0055423", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"8721f2ae-8901-316e-965b-eb06ff282c8e", "abstract"=>"Tuberculosis incidence rates in Kiribati are among the highest in the Western Pacific Region, however the genetic diversity of circulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains (MTBC) and transmission dynamics are unknown. Here, we analysed MTBC strains isolated from culture positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases from the main TB referral centre between November 2007 and October 2009. Strain genotyping (IS6110 typing, spoligotyping, 24-loci MIRU-VNTR and SNP typing) was performed and demographic information collected. Among 73 MTBC strains analysed, we identified seven phylogenetic lineages, dominated by Beijing strains (49%). Beijing strains were further differentiated in two main branches, Beijing-A (n = 8) and -B (n = 28), that show distinct genotyping patterns and are characterized by specific deletion profiles (Beijing A: only RD105, RD207 deleted; Beijing B: RD150 and RD181 additionally deleted). Many Kiribati strains (59% based on IS6110 typing of all strains) occurred in clusters, suggesting ongoing local transmission. Beijing-B strains and over-crowded living conditions were associated with strain clustering (likely recent transmission), however little evidence of anti-tuberculous drug resistance was observed. We suggest enhanced case finding amongst close contacts and continued supervised treatment of all identified cases using standard first-line drugs to reduce TB burden in Kiribati. Beijing strains can be subdivided in different principle branches that might be associated with differential spreading patterns in the population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/first-molecular-epidemiology-study-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-kiribati", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>13, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>13}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/497592"], "description"=>"<p>Minimum Spanning Tree, based on the 24 loci MIRU-VNTR typing data of 73 analysed Kiribati strains. The size of each circle is proportional with the number of MIRU-VNTR types belonging to a particular complex. Classification of the strains into the different phylogenetic lineages is visualized by color coding.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spanning", "24", "loci", "miru-vntr"], "article_id"=>168094, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Minimum_Spanning_Tree_of_24_loci_MIRU_VNTR_data_/168094", "title"=>"Minimum Spanning Tree of 24 loci MIRU-VNTR data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 02:14:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/497853"], "description"=>"1<p>Chi square test.</p>2<p>Wilcoxon Rank Sum test.</p>3<p>Fisher's Exact test.</p>4<p>All available HIV serology was negative. In Kiribati, HIV testing is generally performed using the Determine HIV1/2 kit as an initial screening assay (Alere, Queensland, Australia).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["details"], "article_id"=>168361, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Demographic_details_of_study_participants_/168361", "title"=>"Demographic details of study participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 02:19:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/497707"], "description"=>"<p>The classification of Beijing strains in two major branches is further supported by completely different IS<i>6110</i> fingerprint patterns showing a higher copy number for Beijing-B isolates (&gt;17 bands) compared Beijing-A isolates (&lt;13 bands).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clustering", "dna", "fingerprinting", "mtbc", "15-9", "classification", "kiribati", "beijing"], "article_id"=>168198, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/IS_i_6110_i_clustering_patterns_DNA_fingerprinting_pattern_and_MTBC_15_9_classification_of_Kiribati_isolated_Beijing_strains_/168198", "title"=>"IS<i>6110</i> clustering patterns, DNA fingerprinting pattern and MTBC 15-9 classification of Kiribati isolated Beijing strains.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 02:16:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/497894"], "description"=>"1<p>Chi square test.</p>2<p>Wilcoxon Rank Sum test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sputum"], "article_id"=>168400, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Factors_associated_with_sputum_sample_being_culture_positive_/168400", "title"=>"Factors associated with sputum sample being culture positive.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 02:20:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/497480"], "description"=>"<p>Neighbour joining tree (left panel) based on the copy numbers of 24 loci MIRU-VNTR (right panel, spoligotyping results whereby a repeat region's presence or absence is indicated by a black box or white box respectively) of the 73 strains investigated. The tree was calculated using the MIRU-VNTR<i>plus</i> server (Distance Measure: Dc: Cavalli-Sforza and Edwards, 1967: Dc <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423#pone.0055423-CavalliSforza1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>). Seven lineages were identified including 71 out of the 73 strains (97%), while two strains could not be allocated to a strain family. Classification of the strains into the different phylogenetic lineages is visualized by color coding, key on <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423#pone-0055423-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["joining", "combining", "24", "loci", "miru-vntr", "spoligotyping"], "article_id"=>167978, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Neighbour_joining_tree_combining_24_loci_MIRU_VNTR_and_spoligotyping_data_/167978", "title"=>"Neighbour joining tree combining 24 loci MIRU-VNTR and spoligotyping data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 02:12:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/480930"], "description"=>"<div><p>Tuberculosis incidence rates in Kiribati are among the highest in the Western Pacific Region, however the genetic diversity of circulating <em>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</em> complex strains (MTBC) and transmission dynamics are unknown. Here, we analysed MTBC strains isolated from culture positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases from the main TB referral centre between November 2007 and October 2009. Strain genotyping (IS<em>6110</em> typing, spoligotyping, 24-loci MIRU-VNTR and SNP typing) was performed and demographic information collected. Among 73 MTBC strains analysed, we identified seven phylogenetic lineages, dominated by Beijing strains (49%). Beijing strains were further differentiated in two main branches, Beijing-A (n = 8) and -B (n = 28), that show distinct genotyping patterns and are characterized by specific deletion profiles (Beijing A: only RD105, RD207 deleted; Beijing B: RD150 and RD181 additionally deleted). Many Kiribati strains (59% based on IS<em>6110</em> typing of all strains) occurred in clusters, suggesting ongoing local transmission. Beijing-B strains and over-crowded living conditions were associated with strain clustering (likely recent transmission), however little evidence of anti-tuberculous drug resistance was observed. We suggest enhanced case finding amongst close contacts and continued supervised treatment of all identified cases using standard first-line drugs to reduce TB burden in Kiribati. Beijing strains can be subdivided in different principle branches that might be associated with differential spreading patterns in the population.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["molecular", "epidemiology", "kiribati"], "article_id"=>155233, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics", "Biotechnology", "Mathematics", "Infectious Diseases", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Eman Aleksic", "Matthias Merker", "Helen Cox", "Bereka Reiher", "Zamberi Sekawi", "Anna C. Hearps", "Claire E. Ryan", "Adele V. Lee", "Regis Goursaud", "Clement Malau", "Janet O'Connor", "Catherine L. Cherry", "Stefan Niemann", "Suzanne M. Crowe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055423", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>44, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/First_Molecular_Epidemiology_Study_of_em_Mycobacterium_tuberculosis_em_in_Kiribati/155233", "title"=>"First Molecular Epidemiology Study of <em>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</em> in Kiribati", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-01-31 01:27:13"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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