The Soundscapes of Lakes across an Urbanization Gradient
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Soundscapes of Lakes across an Urbanization Gradient", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Lauren M.", "last_name"=>"Kuehne", "scopus_author_id"=>"55136006100"}, {"first_name"=>"Britta L.", "last_name"=>"Padgham", "scopus_author_id"=>"55589260400"}, {"first_name"=>"Julian D.", "last_name"=>"Olden", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701652168"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23424636", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0055661", "sgr"=>"84873713124", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873713124", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368331922"}, "id"=>"07ed7e33-4401-3507-9cd7-9e726d3bce86", "abstract"=>"UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND/METHODOLOGY: A significant implication of increasing urbanization is anthropogenic noise pollution. Although noise is strongly associated with disruption of animal communication systems and negative health effects for humans, the study of these consequences at ecologically relevant spatial and temporal scales (termed soundscape ecology) is in early stages of application. In this study, we examined the above- and below-water soundscape of recreational and residential lakes in the region surrounding a large metropolitan area. Using univariate and multivariate approaches we test the importance of large- and local-scale landscape factors in driving acoustic characteristics across an urbanization gradient, and visualize changes in the soundscape over space and time.\\n\\nPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Anthropogenic noise (anthrophony) was strongly predicted by a landcover-based metric of urbanization (within a 10 km radius), with presence of a public park as a secondary influence; this urbanization signal was apparent even in below-water recordings. The percent of hourly measurements exceeding noise thresholds associated with outdoor disturbance was 67%, 17%, and 0%, respectively, for lakes characterized as High, Medium, and Low urbanization. Decreased biophony (proportion of natural sounds) was associated with presence of a public park followed by increased urbanization; time of day was also a significant predictor of biophony. Local-scale (shoreline) residential development was not related to changes in anthrophony or biophony. The patterns we identify are illustrated with a multivariate approach which allows use of entire sound samples and facilitates interpretation of changes in a soundscape.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: As highly valued residential and recreation areas, lakes represent everyday soundscapes important to both humans and wildlife. Our findings that many of these areas, particularly those with public parks, routinely experience sound types and levels associated with disturbance, suggests that urban planners need to account for the effect of increasing development on soundscapes to avoid compromising goals for ecological and human health.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/soundscapes-lakes-across-urbanization-gradient", "reader_count"=>94, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>23, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Unspecified"=>7, "Environmental Science"=>25, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>46, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Design"=>1, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>46}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>25}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Puerto Rico"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Philippines"=>1, "Brazil"=>6, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84873713124"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84873713124?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84873713124&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84873713124&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84873713124", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84873713124", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84873713124", "dc:title"=>"The Soundscapes of Lakes across an Urbanization Gradient", "dc:creator"=>"Kuehne L.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"2", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-02-12", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"12 February 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0055661", "citedby-count"=>"12", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Washington, Seattle", "affiliation-city"=>"Seattle", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23424636", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e55661", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0055661", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"12"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/490847"], "description"=>"<p>Average power (1–2 kHz) at lakes characterized as Low (<30%, <i>n</i> = 3), Medium (30–50%, <i>n</i> = 3), and High (>50%, <i>n</i> = 4) urbanization. The threshold established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (in dBA) for “outdoor annoyance and disruption” <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661#pone.0055661-Environmental1\" target=\"_blank\">[7]</a> is shown as a reference; dBA is highly comparable in this frequency range, with a weighting value of +0–1.2 dB between 1–2 kHz; we have considered these equivalent for purposes of illustration.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["trends", "anthropogenic"], "article_id"=>161376, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_trends_in_anthropogenic_sound_by_urban_category_/161376", "title"=>"Temporal trends in anthropogenic sound by urban category.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:33:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/490582"], "description"=>"<p>A) King County in Washington State, U.S.A., B) floating platform with microphone, and C) location of lakes across an urbanization gradient (green = forested; red = urbanized). The city of Seattle is located on the left (west) of the map.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling"], "article_id"=>161101, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_area_apparatus_and_sampling_locations_/161101", "title"=>"Study area, apparatus, and sampling locations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:32:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/491105"], "description"=>"<p>Characteristics and dates of lakes sampled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dates", "lakes"], "article_id"=>161626, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_and_dates_of_lakes_sampled_/161626", "title"=>"Characteristics and dates of lakes sampled.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:35:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/490899"], "description"=>"<p>Patterns and correlation of overall sound (average power in dB) between above-water and hydrophone data by frequencies corresponding to anthrophony (•, mean: 1–3 kHz) and biophony (Ο, mean: 3–8 kHz). Regression on individual frequency intervals resulted in a significant correlation for only the 0–1 kHz band (<i>R<sup>2</sup></i> = 0.71, <i>p</i> = 0.02, all others <i>R<sup>2</sup></i><0.03, <i>p</i>>0.69).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["above-", "below-water"], "article_id"=>161425, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_of_above_and_below_water_sound_/161425", "title"=>"Relationship of above- and below-water sound.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:33:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/491043"], "description"=>"<p>Principal component analysis summarizing patterns of relative power in eight frequency intervals using all 24 time selections for Morton Lake (urbanization = 40%). Labels delineate the multivariate centroid for individual data points for each time period: Night (N), Morning (M), Day (D), and Evening (E). Inset displays the component loadings (eigenvectors) for each frequency interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervals"], "article_id"=>161570, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_importance_of_frequency_intervals_by_time_period_for_a_single_lake_/161570", "title"=>"Changes in importance of frequency intervals by time period for a single lake.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:34:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/491137"], "description"=>"<p>Regression was on mean power by time period for each lake (<i>n</i> = 40); significant fixed effects (<i>p</i><0.05) are highlighted in bold. Tests for interactions of fixed effects resulted in no significant relationships so interaction terms were removed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["models", "spatial", "temporal", "factors", "anthrophony"], "article_id"=>161656, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regression_models_for_fixed_effects_of_spatial_and_temporal_factors_on_relative_power_of_anthrophony_and_biophony_/161656", "title"=>"Regression models for fixed effects of spatial and temporal factors on relative power of anthrophony and biophony.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:35:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/490987"], "description"=>"<p>Principal component analysis summarizing patterns of relative power in eight frequency intervals across the study lakes. Each data point represents one of four time periods at an individual lake. Urban categories are delineated with ordination hulls (90% confidence interval) according to High (solid), Medium (dotted), and Low (dashed) surrounding urbanization. Inset displays the component loadings (eigenvectors) for each frequency interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["frequencies", "acoustic", "multivariate"], "article_id"=>161508, "categories"=>["Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Lauren M. Kuehne", "Britta L. Padgham", "Julian D. Olden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055661.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dominant_frequencies_and_acoustic_variation_by_urban_category_in_multivariate_space_/161508", "title"=>"Dominant frequencies and acoustic variation by urban category in multivariate space.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:34:22"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[290, 478, 601, 716, 816, 914, 1016, 1112, 1203, 1285, 1373, 1451, 1516]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Aquatic environments", "average_usage"=>[276, 480, 624, 713, 810, 927, 1024, 1130, 1221, 1318, 1422, 1506, 1587]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[298, 487, 610, 722, 827, 929, 1029, 1125, 1217, 1306, 1388, 1464, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Spatial and landscape ecology", "average_usage"=>[320, 396]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Terrestrial environments", "average_usage"=>[250, 412, 522, 634, 716, 804, 892, 973, 1056, 1147, 1211, 1284, 1345]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Environmental engineering", "average_usage"=>[235, 410, 542, 645, 772, 861, 939, 1030, 1119, 1226, 1298, 1415, 1491, 1562]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Physics", "average_usage"=>[254, 421, 527, 626, 720, 813, 900, 983, 1063, 1136, 1210, 1283, 1342]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts