Evaluation of Animal Genetic and Physiological Factors That Affect the Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in Cattle
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{"title"=>"Evaluation of Animal Genetic and Physiological Factors That Affect the Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in Cattle", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Soo Jin", "last_name"=>"Jeon", "scopus_author_id"=>"56643208300"}, {"first_name"=>"Mauricio", "last_name"=>"Elzo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603948407"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicolas", "last_name"=>"DiLorenzo", "scopus_author_id"=>"24170993000"}, {"first_name"=>"G. Cliff", "last_name"=>"Lamb", "scopus_author_id"=>"35615681500"}, {"first_name"=>"Kwang Cheol", "last_name"=>"Jeong", "scopus_author_id"=>"57146347400"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84873551371", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0055728", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368304324", "pmid"=>"23405204", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873551371"}, "id"=>"4911232f-85fd-3b55-8c5a-431364974cff", "abstract"=>"Controlling the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle at the pre-harvest level is critical to reduce outbreaks of this pathogen in humans. Multilayers of factors including the environmental and bacterial factors modulate the colonization and persistence of E. coli O157 in cattle that serve as a reservoir of this pathogen. Here, we report animal factors contributing to the prevalence of E. coli O157 in cattle. We observe the lowest number of E. coli O157 in Brahman breed when compared with other crosses in an Angus-Brahman multibreed herd, and bulls excrete more E. coli O157 than steers in the pens where cattle were housed together. The presence of super-shedders, cattle excreting >10(5) CFU/rectal anal swab, increases the concentration of E. coli O157 in the pens; thereby super-shedders enhance transmission of this pathogen among cattle. Molecular subtyping analysis reveal only one subtype of E. coli O157 in the multibreed herd, indicating the variance in the levels of E. coli O157 in cattle is influenced by animal factors. Furthermore, strain tracking after relocation of the cattle to a commercial feedlot reveals farm-to-farm transmission of E. coli O157, likely via super-shedders. Our results reveal high risk factors in the prevalence of E. coli O157 in cattle whereby animal genetic and physiological factors influence whether this pathogen can persist in cattle at high concentration, providing insights to intervene this pathogen at the pre-harvest level.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evaluation-animal-genetic-physiological-factors-affect-prevalence-escherichia-coli-o157-cattle-1", "reader_count"=>19, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494099"], "description"=>"<p>All calves (A), dams (B), and sires (C) were classified into the same breed groups. Overall, resistance to O157 was shown in breed group 6.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["resistant", "o157", "animals", "containing"], "article_id"=>164619, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Brahmans_are_more_resistant_to_E_coli_O157_than_other_animals_containing_different_genetic_background_/164619", "title"=>"Brahmans are more resistant to <i>E. coli</i> O157 than other animals containing different genetic background.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:51:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/493965"], "description"=>"<p>Rectal swabs were enumerated by direct plating on CT-SMAC and further identified by multiplex PCR detecting the <i>stx1, stx2, rbfE</i>, and <i>hlyA</i> genes. Cattle were designate as low-shedders (10<sup>1</sup>–10<sup>2</sup> CFU), medium-shedders (10<sup>3</sup>–10<sup>4</sup> CFU), and super-shedders (>10<sup>5</sup> CFU). Six out of 91 cattle were super-shedders, accounting for 6.6% of all calves. Limit of detection was 10 CFU in this direct plating method.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["o157", "rectal", "anal", "junction"], "article_id"=>164485, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_number_of_E_coli_O157_isolated_from_rectal_anal_junction_in_cattle_/164485", "title"=>"The number of <i>E. coli</i> O157 isolated from rectal anal junction in cattle.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:50:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494193"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Multiplex PCR was conducted using primers amplifying <i>stx1</i>, <i>stx2, rbfE,</i> and <i>hlyA</i>. Strains used were <i>E. coli</i> O157:H7 EDL933 (lane 1), DH5α (lane 2), and KCJ1266 (lane 3). (B) <i>Xba</i>I-digested PFGE analysis. Strains used were isolated from the pens indicated on top of the line from animals shed low, medium, and super number of <i>E. coli</i> O157. Strains used; lane 1: KCJ1266, lane 2: KCJ1225, lane 3: KCJ1165, lane 4: KCJ1152, lane 5: KCJ1154, lane 6: KCJ1168, lane 7: KCJ1137, lane 8: KCJ1142, lane 9: KCJ1138, lane 10: KCJ1144, lane 11: KCJ1131, lane 12: KCJ1120 (C) The <i>E. coli</i> O157 strain isolated from animals raised at a commercial feedlot facility was probably transmitted from super-shedders. <i>Xba</i>I-digested PFGE analysis was conducted using the strains isolated from a super-shedder at NFREC and two animals at a commercial feedlot facility. Strains used; lane 1: KCJ1266, lane 2: KCJ1430, lane 3: KCJ1432.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["o157", "isolates", "originated"], "article_id"=>164713, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_All_of_the_E_coli_O157_isolates_were_identical_indicating_the_strain_originated_from_one_common_source_/164713", "title"=>"All of the <i>E. coli</i> O157 isolates were identical, indicating the strain originated from one common source.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:51:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494028"], "description"=>"<p>(A) The total number of <i>E. coli</i> O157 was calculated from individual animals in the five pens. Super-shedders increased the total number of <i>E. coli</i> O157 in the pens (pen 13, 14, and 17), and the average number of <i>E. coli</i> O157 was 100 fold less when a super-shedder was not identified in the pens (pen 15 and 16). The results are represented as mean ± SEM. (B) The percentage of <i>E. coli</i> O157 shed from super-shedders in the pens. Black bars represent the percentage of <i>E. coli</i> O157 isolated from super-shedders and white bars represent the percentage of <i>E. coli</i> O157 from non super-shedders.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["o157", "pens"], "article_id"=>164555, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Super_shedders_increase_the_total_number_of_E_coli_O157_in_pens_with_high_density_/164555", "title"=>"Super-shedders increase the total number of <i>E. coli</i> O157 in pens with high density.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:50:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/493890"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Cattle consisted of six Angus-Brahman multibred groups. Group 1 = 100% to 80% Angus, 0% to 20% Brahman; Group 2 = 79% to 60% Angus, 21% to 40% Brahman; Group 3 = 62.5% Angus, 37.5% Brahman, Group 4 = 59% to 40% Angus, 41% to 60% Brahman, Group 5 = 39% to 20% Angus, 61% to 80% Brahman, Group 6∶19% to 0% Angus, 81% to 100% Brahman. Bars indicate the expected portion of Angus and Brahman genetic traits in each breed group. (B) Animals were systemically housed in five pens according to their genetic background and sex. • is Calf breed group 1, ◊ is Calf breed group 2, ♣ is Calf breed group 3, Δ is Calf breed group 4, ▪ is Calf breed group 5, and ○ is Calf breed group 6. Bulls in pen 13 and 14 are boxed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["backgrounds", "animals"], "article_id"=>164405, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimated_genetic_backgrounds_of_animals_used_and_housing_in_five_pens_/164405", "title"=>"Estimated genetic backgrounds of animals used and housing in five pens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:50:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494306"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of cattle based on the level of <i>E. coli</i> O157 counts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["o157"], "article_id"=>164826, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_cattle_based_on_the_level_of_E_coli_O157_counts_/164826", "title"=>"Distribution of cattle based on the level of <i>E. coli</i> O157 counts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:52:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494344"], "description"=>"a<p>Referenced by Valadez <i>et al.</i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728#pone.0055728-Valadez1\" target=\"_blank\">[38]</a>.</p>b<p>Referenced by Bai et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728#pone.0055728-Bai1\" target=\"_blank\">[39]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "Infectious diseases", "public health and epidemiology", "microbiology", "Gastroenterology and hepatology"], "article_id"=>164859, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Oligonucleotides_used_in_this_study_/164859", "title"=>"Oligonucleotides used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:52:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/494273"], "description"=>"<p>Strains used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "Infectious diseases", "public health and epidemiology", "microbiology", "Gastroenterology and hepatology"], "article_id"=>164789, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Chemistry", "Genetics", "Infectious Diseases", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Soo Jin Jeon", "Mauricio Elzo", "Nicolas DiLorenzo", "G. Cliff Lamb", "Kwang Cheol Jeong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055728.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strains_used_in_this_study_/164789", "title"=>"Strains used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 15:52:14"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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