Spatial-Temporal Clusters and Risk Factors of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease at the District Level in Guangdong Province, China
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{"title"=>"Spatial-Temporal Clusters and Risk Factors of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease at the District Level in Guangdong Province, China", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Te", "last_name"=>"Deng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55606199000"}, {"first_name"=>"Yong", "last_name"=>"Huang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56263146300"}, {"first_name"=>"Shicheng", "last_name"=>"Yu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55606019500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jing", "last_name"=>"Gu", "scopus_author_id"=>"35740466900"}, {"first_name"=>"Cunrui", "last_name"=>"Huang", "scopus_author_id"=>"36801501900"}, {"first_name"=>"Gexin", "last_name"=>"Xiao", "scopus_author_id"=>"55521073800"}, {"first_name"=>"Yuantao", "last_name"=>"Hao", "scopus_author_id"=>"24528471200"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368409477", "sgr"=>"84874338902", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0056943", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874338902", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23437278"}, "id"=>"1bcd150f-97e7-332e-9568-1bef86494e4f", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has posed a great threat to the health of children and become a public health priority in China. This study aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, spatial-temporal patterns, and risk factors of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, and to provide scientific information for public health responses and interventions. METHODS: HFMD surveillance data from May 2008 to December 2011were provided by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. We firstly conducted a descriptive analysis to evaluate the epidemic characteristics of HFMD. Then, Kulldorff scan statistic based on a discrete Poisson model was used to detect spatial-temporal clusters. Finally, a spatial paneled model was applied to identify the risk factors. RESULTS: A total of 641,318 HFMD cases were reported in Guangdong Province during the study period (total population incidence: 17.51 per 10,000). Male incidence was higher than female incidence for all age groups, and approximately 90% of the cases were children [Formula: see text] years old. Spatial-temporal cluster analysis detected four most likely clusters and several secondary clusters (P<0.001) with the maximum cluster size 50% and 20% respectively during 2008-2011. Monthly average temperature, relative humidity, the proportion of population [Formula: see text] years, male-to-female ratio, and total sunshine were demonstrated to be the risk factors for HFMD. CONCLUSION: Children [Formula: see text] years old, especially boys, were more susceptible to HFMD and we should take care of their vulnerability. Provincial capital city Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta regions had always been the spatial-temporal clusters and future public health planning and resource allocation should be focused on these areas. Furthermore, our findings showed a strong association between HFMD and meteorological factors, which may assist in predicting HFMD incidence.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/spatialtemporal-clusters-risk-factors-hand-foot-mouth-disease-district-level-guangdong-province-chin-2", "reader_count"=>25, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/965582"], "description"=>"<p>Monthly reported cases of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cases", "hfmd", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>635304, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_reported_cases_of_HFMD_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_/635304", "title"=>"Monthly reported cases of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 11:16:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/965586"], "description"=>"<p>Monthly distribution of EV71, CoxA16 and other enterovirus in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coxa16", "enterovirus", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>635308, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_distribution_of_EV71_CoxA16_and_other_enterovirus_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_/635308", "title"=>"Monthly distribution of EV71, CoxA16 and other enterovirus in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 11:17:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/965589"], "description"=>"<p>Dark green represents the most likely clusters. Annotations with the cluster time, <i>RR</i> value and cities contain the most likely clusters are presented by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clusters", "hfmd", "guangdong", "2010"], "article_id"=>635311, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_temporal_clusters_of_HFMD_in_Guangdong_Province_China_in_A_2008_B_2009_C_2010_and_D_2011_setting_50_as_the_maximum_cluster_size_/635311", "title"=>"Spatial-temporal clusters of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, in A) 2008, B) 2009, C) 2010 and D) 2011, setting 50% as the maximum cluster size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 11:17:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/965594"], "description"=>"<p>Dark green represents the most likely clusters and light green represents the secondary clusters. Annotations with the cluster time, <i>RR</i> value and cities contain the most likely clusters are presented by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clusters", "hfmd", "guangdong", "2010"], "article_id"=>635316, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_temporal_clusters_of_HFMD_in_Guangdong_Province_China_in_A_2008_B_2009_C_2010_and_D_2011_setting_20_as_the_maximum_cluster_size_/635316", "title"=>"Spatial-temporal clusters of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, in A) 2008, B) 2009, C) 2010 and D) 2011, setting 20% as the maximum cluster size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 11:18:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/965596"], "description"=>"<div><p>Objective</p><p>Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has posed a great threat to the health of children and become a public health priority in China. This study aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, spatial-temporal patterns, and risk factors of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, and to provide scientific information for public health responses and interventions.</p> <p>Methods</p><p>HFMD surveillance data from May 2008 to December 2011were provided by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. We firstly conducted a descriptive analysis to evaluate the epidemic characteristics of HFMD. Then, Kulldorff scan statistic based on a discrete Poisson model was used to detect spatial-temporal clusters. Finally, a spatial paneled model was applied to identify the risk factors.</p> <p>Results</p><p>A total of 641,318 HFMD cases were reported in Guangdong Province during the study period (total population incidence: 17.51 per 10,000). Male incidence was higher than female incidence for all age groups, and approximately 90% of the cases were children years old. Spatial-temporal cluster analysis detected four most likely clusters and several secondary clusters (<i>P</i><0.001) with the maximum cluster size 50% and 20% respectively during 2008–2011. Monthly average temperature, relative humidity, the proportion of population years, male-to-female ratio, and total sunshine were demonstrated to be the risk factors for HFMD.</p> <p>Conclusion</p><p>Children years old, especially boys, were more susceptible to HFMD and we should take care of their vulnerability. Provincial capital city Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta regions had always been the spatial-temporal clusters and future public health planning and resource allocation should be focused on these areas. Furthermore, our findings showed a strong association between HFMD and meteorological factors, which may assist in predicting HFMD incidence.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spatial-temporal", "clusters", "guangdong", "china"], "article_id"=>635318, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Spatial_Temporal_Clusters_and_Risk_Factors_of_Hand_Foot_and_Mouth_Disease_at_the_District_Level_in_Guangdong_Province_China__/635318", "title"=>"Spatial-Temporal Clusters and Risk Factors of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease at the District Level in Guangdong Province, China", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 11:19:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005124"], "description"=>"<p>Note: ‘Scan timeframe’ means the boundary of time points put into the scanning analysis, and the ‘Cluster time’ means the boundary of time points identified by the scanning analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clusters", "hfmd", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>665746, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_most_likely_clusters_of_HFMD_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_setting_20_as_the_maximum_cluster_size_/665746", "title"=>"The most likely clusters of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011 (setting 20% as the maximum cluster size).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:35:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005147"], "description"=>"<p>Note: ‘Scan timeframe’ means the boundary of time points put into the scanning analysis, and the ‘Cluster time’ means the boundary of time points identified by the scanning analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["clusters", "hfmd", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>665767, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_most_likely_clusters_of_HFMD_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_setting_50_as_the_maximum_cluster_size_/665767", "title"=>"The most likely clusters of HFMD in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011 (setting 50% as the maximum cluster size).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:36:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005168"], "description"=>"<p>Demographic characteristics of reported HFMD cases in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hfmd", "cases", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>665790, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_characteristics_of_reported_HFMD_cases_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_/665790", "title"=>"Demographic characteristics of reported HFMD cases in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:36:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005191"], "description"=>"<p><i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.67.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["meteorological", "moving", "0-", "1-month", "lags", "hfmd", "incidence", "guangdong"], "article_id"=>665813, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Medicine", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Te Deng", "Yong Huang", "Shicheng Yu", "Jing Gu", "Cunrui Huang", "Gexin Xiao", "Yuantao Hao"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056943.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_panel_model_using_meteorological_and_demographic_factors_with_moving_average_of_0_and_1_month_lags_on_HFMD_incidence_in_Guangdong_Province_China_2008_8211_2011_/665813", "title"=>"Spatial panel model using meteorological and demographic factors with moving average of 0- and 1-month lags on HFMD incidence in Guangdong Province, China, 2008–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 01:36:53"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Infectious diseases", "average_usage"=>[297, 523, 655, 765, 866, 971, 1070, 1159, 1256, 1337, 1424, 1496, 1568]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Public and occupational health", "average_usage"=>[291, 491, 610, 723, 817, 906, 991, 1071, 1153, 1238, 1324, 1411, 1478]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[265, 456, 578, 682, 782, 881, 965, 1053, 1133, 1223, 1310, 1391, 1457]}]}
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