The Right Planum Temporale Is Involved in Stimulus-Driven, Auditory Attention – Evidence from Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
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{"title"=>"The Right Planum Temporale Is Involved in Stimulus-Driven, Auditory Attention - Evidence from Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marco", "last_name"=>"Hirnstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"15057890100"}, {"first_name"=>"René", "last_name"=>"Westerhausen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506858738"}, {"first_name"=>"Kenneth", "last_name"=>"Hugdahl", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006542415"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874267932", "pmid"=>"23437367", "sgr"=>"84874267932", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0057316", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368400400"}, "id"=>"9e43c07b-1136-3c59-8428-2ce628dfcc81", "abstract"=>"It is well known that the planum temporale (PT) area in the posterior temporal lobe carries out spectro-temporal analysis of auditory stimuli, which is crucial for speech, for example. There are suggestions that the PT is also involved in auditory attention, specifically in the discrimination and selection of stimuli from the left and right ear. However, direct evidence is missing so far. To examine the role of the PT in auditory attention we asked fourteen participants to complete the Bergen Dichotic Listening Test. In this test two different consonant-vowel syllables (e.g., “ba” and “da”) are presented simultaneously, one to each ear, and participants are asked to verbally report the syllable they heard best or most clearly. Thus attentional selection of a syllable is stimulus-driven. Each participant completed the test three times: after their left and right PT (located with anatomical brain scans) had been stimulated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which transiently interferes with normal brain functioning in the stimulated sites, and after sham stimulation, where participants were led to believe they had been stimulated but no rTMS was applied (control). After sham stimulation the typical right ear advantage emerged, that is, participants reported relatively more right than left ear syllables, reflecting a left-hemispheric dominance for language. rTMS over the right but not left PT significantly reduced the right ear advantage. This was the result of participants reporting more left and fewer right ear syllables after right PT stimulation, suggesting there was a leftward shift in stimulus selection. Taken together, our findings point to a new function of the PT in addition to auditory perception: particularly the right PT is involved in stimulus selection and (stimulus-driven), auditory attention.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/right-planum-temporale-involved-stimulusdriven-auditory-attention-evidence-transcranial-magnetic-sti", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/957772"], "description"=>"<p>Location of the stimulation sites left (A) and right (B) planum temporale.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>627851, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Marco Hirnstein", "René Westerhausen", "Kenneth Hugdahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057316.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stimulus_sites_/627851", "title"=>"Stimulus sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 16:55:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/957773"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Laterality quotient (±<i>SE</i>) across left PT, right PT, and sham stimulation. Positive values indicate a left, negative a right ear advantage. Note the reduced right ear advantage after right PT stimulation. (B) Percentage of reported syllables (±<i>SE</i>) from the left and right ear across left PT, right PT and sham stimulation. The dashed line represents the mean of left and right ear reports. Note that right PT stimulation alters the proportion of left and right ear reports while the mean remains stable. **<i>p</i><.01, *<i>p</i><.05, <b><sup>+</sup></b><i>p</i><.10</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["transcranial", "stimulation", "planum", "temporale", "dichotic"], "article_id"=>627852, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Marco Hirnstein", "René Westerhausen", "Kenneth Hugdahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057316.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_transcranial_magnetic_stimulation_on_planum_temporale_during_dichotic_listening_/627852", "title"=>"Effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation on planum temporale during dichotic listening.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-21 16:56:11"}

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Relative Metric

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