The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data
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{"title"=>"The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sanjay", "last_name"=>"Basu", "scopus_author_id"=>"9335409500"}, {"first_name"=>"Paula", "last_name"=>"Yoffe", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613167900"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy", "last_name"=>"Hills", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004253302"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert H.", "last_name"=>"Lustig", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006413981"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874524849", "pui"=>"368445630", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0057873", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84874524849", "pmid"=>"23460912"}, "id"=>"1d0dd063-70c8-3701-8c15-2023053dbef8", "abstract"=>"While experimental and observational studies suggest that sugar intake is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, independent of its role in obesity, it is unclear whether alterations in sugar intake can account for differences in diabetes prevalence among overall populations. Using econometric models of repeated cross-sectional data on diabetes and nutritional components of food from 175 countries, we found that every 150 kcal/person/day increase in sugar availability (about one can of soda/day) was associated with increased diabetes prevalence by 1.1% (p <0.001) after testing for potential selection biases and controlling for other food types (including fibers, meats, fruits, oils, cereals), total calories, overweight and obesity, period-effects, and several socioeconomic variables such as aging, urbanization and income. No other food types yielded significant individual associations with diabetes prevalence after controlling for obesity and other confounders. The impact of sugar on diabetes was independent of sedentary behavior and alcohol use, and the effect was modified but not confounded by obesity or overweight. 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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971674"], "description"=>"<p>Obesity prevalence is defined as the percentage of the population aged 15 to 100 years old with body mass index greater than or equal to 30 kg/meters squared, from the World Health Organization Global Infobase 2012 edition. Diabetes prevalence is defined as the percentage of the population aged 20 to 79 years old with diabetes, from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas 2011 edition. Three-letter codes are ISO standard codes for country names.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "prevalence", "rates"], "article_id"=>640551, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Medicine", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Paula Yoffe", "Nancy Hills", "Robert H. Lustig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_obesity_and_diabetes_prevalence_rates_worldwide_/640551", "title"=>"Relationship between obesity and diabetes prevalence rates worldwide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 08:37:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971683", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971686", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971689", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971690", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971692", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971696"], "description"=>"<div><p>While experimental and observational studies suggest that sugar intake is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, independent of its role in obesity, it is unclear whether alterations in sugar intake can account for differences in diabetes prevalence among overall populations. Using econometric models of repeated cross-sectional data on diabetes and nutritional components of food from 175 countries, we found that every 150 kcal/person/day increase in sugar availability (about one can of soda/day) was associated with increased diabetes prevalence by 1.1% (p <0.001) after testing for potential selection biases and controlling for other food types (including fibers, meats, fruits, oils, cereals), total calories, overweight and obesity, period-effects, and several socioeconomic variables such as aging, urbanization and income. No other food types yielded significant individual associations with diabetes prevalence after controlling for obesity and other confounders. The impact of sugar on diabetes was independent of sedentary behavior and alcohol use, and the effect was modified but not confounded by obesity or overweight. Duration and degree of sugar exposure correlated significantly with diabetes prevalence in a dose-dependent manner, while declines in sugar exposure correlated with significant subsequent declines in diabetes rates independently of other socioeconomic, dietary and obesity prevalence changes. Differences in sugar availability statistically explain variations in diabetes prevalence rates at a population level that are not explained by physical activity, overweight or obesity.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population-level", "econometric", "repeated", "cross-sectional", "data"], "article_id"=>640560, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Medicine", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Paula Yoffe", "Nancy Hills", "Robert H. Lustig"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>35, "page_views"=>48, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Relationship_of_Sugar_to_Population_Level_Diabetes_Prevalence_An_Econometric_Analysis_of_Repeated_Cross_Sectional_Data__/640560", "title"=>"The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 08:39:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/971678"], "description"=>"<p>Regression line is adjusted for all control variables listed in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873#pone-0057873-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>, including time-trends (period-effects).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prevalence", "adults", "years"], "article_id"=>640555, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Medicine", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Paula Yoffe", "Nancy Hills", "Robert H. Lustig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Adjusted_association_of_sugar_availability_kcal_person_day_with_diabetes_prevalence_adults_20_8211_79_years_old_/640555", "title"=>"Adjusted association of sugar availability (kcal/person/day) with diabetes prevalence (% adults 20–79 years old).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-28 08:38:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005480"], "description"=>"<p>Food components are expressed in kilocalories/person/day. Urbanization refers to the percentage of the population living in urban areas. Aging is the percentage of the population 65 years of age and older. Obesity is the percentage of the population with BMI at least 30x kg/m<sup>2</sup>.</p><p>Robust standard errors in parentheses</p>*<p>p < 0.05, <sup>**</sup> p < 0.01, <sup>***</sup> p < 0.001</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prevalence"], "article_id"=>666105, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Medicine", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Paula Yoffe", "Nancy Hills", "Robert H. Lustig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Years_of_sugar_exposure_and_diabetes_prevalence_rates_/666105", "title"=>"Years of sugar exposure and diabetes prevalence rates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-27 01:41:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1005495"], "description"=>"<p>Food components are expressed in kilocalories/person/day, such that each row displays the impact on diabetes prevalence of a 1 kilocalorie/person/day increase in the availability of the given food category (e.g., a 1 kilocalorie/person/day rise in sugar relates to a 0.0072% rise in diabetes prevalence). Urbanization refers to the percentage of the population living in urban areas. Aging is the percentage of the population 65 years of age and older. Obesity is the percentage of the population with BMI at least 30 kg/m<sup>2</sup>.</p><p>Robust standard errors in parentheses.</p>*<p>p < 0.05, <sup>**</sup> p < 0.01, <sup>***</sup> p < 0.001</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prevalence", "rates"], "article_id"=>666122, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Medicine", "Genetics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Sanjay Basu", "Paula Yoffe", "Nancy Hills", "Robert H. Lustig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057873.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_sugar_availability_on_diabetes_prevalence_rates_worldwide_/666122", "title"=>"Effect of sugar availability on diabetes prevalence rates worldwide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-27 01:42:02"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"269", "full-text"=>"304", "pdf"=>"149", "abstract"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"42", "supp-data"=>"43", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"121", "full-text"=>"140", "pdf"=>"50", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"41", "supp-data"=>"16", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"87", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"87", "full-text"=>"87", "pdf"=>"36", "abstract"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"39", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"15", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"81", "full-text"=>"85", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"102", "pdf"=>"28", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"80", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"35", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"25", "supp-data"=>"20", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"67", "pdf"=>"28", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"137", "full-text"=>"170", "pdf"=>"30", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"123", "full-text"=>"156", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"104", "full-text"=>"156", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"99", "full-text"=>"107", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"136", "full-text"=>"213", "pdf"=>"38", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"86", "full-text"=>"113", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"88", "full-text"=>"104", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"113", "full-text"=>"134", "pdf"=>"30", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"31", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"164", "full-text"=>"172", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"55", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"71", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"44", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"23", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"91", "full-text"=>"70", "pdf"=>"83", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"112", "full-text"=>"132", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"86", "full-text"=>"102", "pdf"=>"27", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"27", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"92", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"73", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"158", "full-text"=>"195", "pdf"=>"39", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"110", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"102", "full-text"=>"119", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"96", "full-text"=>"120", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"148", "full-text"=>"162", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"20", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"78", "full-text"=>"85", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"104", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"99", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"97", "full-text"=>"112", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"76", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"38", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"63", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"98", "full-text"=>"101", "pdf"=>"31", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"78", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"124", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"107", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"29", "supp-data"=>"17", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"63", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"97", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"32", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"108", "full-text"=>"154", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"72", "full-text"=>"105", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"84", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[264, 463, 602, 708, 816, 908, 1015, 1103, 1200, 1297, 1389, 1476, 1538]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Health care", "average_usage"=>[278, 463, 587, 692, 804, 897, 984, 1068, 1165, 1254, 1339, 1429, 1490]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Metabolic disorders", "average_usage"=>[254, 466, 587, 690, 790, 885, 983, 1063, 1139, 1216, 1297, 1373, 1442]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[273, 476, 611, 714, 821, 911, 1005, 1103, 1201, 1287, 1388, 1478, 1557]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Economics", "average_usage"=>[283, 468, 592, 699, 799, 907, 980, 1079, 1187, 1282, 1376, 1479, 1547]}]}
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