Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks
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{"title"=>"Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Krista L.", "last_name"=>"McGuire", "scopus_author_id"=>"23980495800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sara G.", "last_name"=>"Payne", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613286500"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew I.", "last_name"=>"Palmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"42962113400"}, {"first_name"=>"Caitlyn M.", "last_name"=>"Gillikin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613417000"}, {"first_name"=>"Dominique", "last_name"=>"Keefe", "scopus_author_id"=>"55232262700"}, {"first_name"=>"Su Jin", "last_name"=>"Kim", "scopus_author_id"=>"55907822100"}, {"first_name"=>"Seren M.", "last_name"=>"Gedallovich", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613452400"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia", "last_name"=>"Discenza", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613396300"}, {"first_name"=>"Ramya", "last_name"=>"Rangamannar", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613423600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer A.", "last_name"=>"Koshner", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613550400"}, {"first_name"=>"Audrey L.", "last_name"=>"Massmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613483900"}, {"first_name"=>"Giulia", "last_name"=>"Orazi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613316400"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam", "last_name"=>"Essene", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613490500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan W.", "last_name"=>"Leff", "scopus_author_id"=>"55498821100"}, {"first_name"=>"Noah", "last_name"=>"Fierer", "scopus_author_id"=>"8638392900"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368451347", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0058020", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84874568157", "pmid"=>"23469260", "sgr"=>"84874568157"}, "id"=>"82dc8ac0-b0be-3f94-89d8-ba775cc25ed9", "abstract"=>"In urban environments, green roofs provide a number of benefits, including decreased urban heat island effects and reduced energy costs for buildings. However, little research has been done on the non-plant biota associated with green roofs, which likely affect their functionality. For the current study, we evaluated whether or not green roofs planted with two native plant communities in New York City functioned as habitats for soil fungal communities, and compared fungal communities in green roof growing media to soil microbial composition in five city parks, including Central Park and the High Line. Ten replicate roofs were sampled one year after planting; three of these roofs were more intensively sampled and compared to nearby city parks. Using Illumina sequencing of the fungal ITS region we found that green roofs supported a diverse fungal community, with numerous taxa belonging to fungal groups capable of surviving in disturbed and polluted habitats. Across roofs, there was significant biogeographical clustering of fungal communities, indicating that community assembly of roof microbes across the greater New York City area is locally variable. Green roof fungal communities were compositionally distinct from city parks and only 54% of the green roof taxa were also found in the park soils. Phospholipid fatty acid analysis revealed that park soils had greater microbial biomass and higher bacterial to fungal ratios than green roof substrates. City park soils were also more enriched with heavy metals, had lower pH, and lower quantities of total bases (Ca, K, and Mg) compared to green roof substrates. While fungal communities were compositionally distinct across green roofs, they did not differentiate by plant community. Together, these results suggest that fungi living in the growing medium of green roofs may be an underestimated component of these biotic systems functioning to support some of the valued ecological services of green roofs.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/digging-new-york-city-skyline-soil-fungal-communities-green-roofs-city-parks", "reader_count"=>199, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>58, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>30, "Lecturer"=>6, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976144"], "description"=>"<p>The general sampling scheme was used for all ten green roofs and the six cores were composited for three planting boxes on each roof. For the fine-scale sampling on the three target roofs, each core was treated as a separate sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fine-scale", "sampling"], "article_id"=>643731, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_scheme_for_the_general_a_and_fine_scale_b_sampling_with_an_image_of_a_representative_green_roof_/643731", "title"=>"Sampling scheme for the general (a) and fine-scale (b) sampling with an image of a representative green roof.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976153"], "description"=>"<p>The relative abundance of the most dominant fungal orders detected from green roof substrates and city park soils.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "fungal", "orders", "substrates"], "article_id"=>643738, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>36, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_relative_abundance_of_the_most_dominant_fungal_orders_detected_from_green_roof_substrates_and_city_park_soils_/643738", "title"=>"The relative abundance of the most dominant fungal orders detected from green roof substrates and city park soils.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:20:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976146"], "description"=>"<p>Fungal communities were significantly clustered by roof (a), but not by plant community (b).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multidimensional", "scaling", "fungal", "communities", "roofs", "intensively"], "article_id"=>643733, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_plots_of_fungal_communities_for_the_three_green_roofs_that_were_more_intensively_sampled_/643733", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling plots of fungal communities for the three green roofs that were more intensively sampled.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011432"], "description"=>"<p>Relative abundance of green roof OTUs aligning to fungal genera in the Glomeromycota (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "otus", "aligning", "fungal", "genera", "glomeromycota", "mycorrhizal"], "article_id"=>671828, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_abundance_of_green_roof_OTUs_aligning_to_fungal_genera_in_the_Glomeromycota_arbuscular_mycorrhizal_fungi_/671828", "title"=>"Relative abundance of green roof OTUs aligning to fungal genera in the Glomeromycota (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 00:30:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976145"], "description"=>"<p>ANOSIM analysis revealed significant clustering of fungal communities across roofs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multidimensional", "scaling", "fungal", "communities"], "article_id"=>643732, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>42, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_plot_of_fungal_communities_across_the_ten_green_roofs_/643732", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling plot of fungal communities across the ten green roofs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976152"], "description"=>"<p>Asterisks denote significant differences at p<0.05. Numerical values for the proportional abundances of each fungal phylum in the parks compared to the green roofs are displayed below each bar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "fungal", "phyla", "substrates"], "article_id"=>643737, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>41, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_relative_abundance_of_fungal_phyla_detected_from_green_roof_substrates_and_city_park_soils_/643737", "title"=>"The relative abundance of fungal phyla detected from green roof substrates and city park soils.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:20:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976149"], "description"=>"<p>Concentrations (in ppm) of heavy metals from green roof substrates and park soils. Asterisks above the bars denote significant differences at p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["metals", "substrates", "asterisks", "bars", "denote", "differences"], "article_id"=>643735, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>41, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Concentrations_in_ppm_of_heavy_metals_from_green_roof_substrates_and_park_soils_Asterisks_above_the_bars_denote_significant_differences_at_p_lt_0_05_/643735", "title"=>"Concentrations (in ppm) of heavy metals from green roof substrates and park soils. Asterisks above the bars denote significant differences at p<0.05.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976150"], "description"=>"<p>Green roof fungal communities were distinct from city park soil communities with the High Line samples having a distinct composition from both roofs and other parks (a). City park fungal communities were also significantly clustered by site (b).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multidimensional", "scaling", "fungal", "communities", "sampled", "roofs"], "article_id"=>643736, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_plots_of_fungal_communities_sampled_from_green_roofs_and_parks_/643736", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling plots of fungal communities sampled from green roofs and parks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:20:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011347"], "description"=>"<p>Taxonomy is provided for the best match in Genbank. Only OTUs with sequences greater than 500 are reported.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundant", "fungal", "otus"], "article_id"=>671749, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_most_abundant_fungal_OTUs_from_the_Central_Park_samples_/671749", "title"=>"The most abundant fungal OTUs from the Central Park samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 00:29:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976148"], "description"=>"<p>Fungal phyla (a) that had a non-random distribution across the three roofs are marked with an asterisk. All fungal families in panel b had non-random distributions across the three roofs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "fungal", "phyla", "communities", "intensively", "sampled"], "article_id"=>643734, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportional_abundance_of_the_fungal_phyla_a_and_families_b_that_were_responsible_for_the_separation_of_fungal_communities_across_the_three_intensively_sampled_green_roofs_/643734", "title"=>"Proportional abundance of the fungal phyla (a) and families (b) that were responsible for the separation of fungal communities across the three intensively sampled green roofs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011370"], "description"=>"<p>Plant species from the two native plant communities used in the experimental green roofs for this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["communities", "roofs"], "article_id"=>671775, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plant_species_from_the_two_native_plant_communities_used_in_the_experimental_green_roofs_for_this_study_/671775", "title"=>"Plant species from the two native plant communities used in the experimental green roofs for this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 00:29:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/976142"], "description"=>"<p>The map was created by Jeremy Law at Columbia University.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["roofs", "sampled", "distributed", "boroughs", "york"], "article_id"=>643730, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Locations_of_the_ten_green_roofs_sampled_in_this_study_which_were_distributed_across_all_five_boroughs_of_New_York_City_/643730", "title"=>"Locations of the ten green roofs sampled in this study, which were distributed across all five boroughs of New York City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-02 05:19:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1011397"], "description"=>"<p>Asterisks denote significant differences between green roof substrates and park soils at p<0.05. All nutrients are given in ppm except for C to N ratios.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["substrate"], "article_id"=>671801, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Plant Biology"], "users"=>["Krista L. McGuire", "Sara G. Payne", "Matthew I. Palmer", "Caitlyn M. Gillikin", "Dominique Keefe", "Su Jin Kim", "Seren M. Gedallovich", "Julia Discenza", "Ramya Rangamannar", "Jennifer A. Koshner", "Audrey L. Massmann", "Giulia Orazi", "Adam Essene", "Jonathan W. Leff", "Noah Fierer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058020.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Data_for_soil_and_substrate_nutrient_analyses_given_as_the_mean_177_SE_/671801", "title"=>"Data for soil and substrate nutrient analyses given as the mean (±SE).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-01 00:30:01"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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