The Critical Role of Supervision in Retaining Staff in Obstetric Services: A Three Country Study
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Critical Role of Supervision in Retaining Staff in Obstetric Services: A Three Country Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Eilish", "last_name"=>"McAuliffe", "scopus_author_id"=>"26423119000"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Daly", "scopus_author_id"=>"26534028400"}, {"first_name"=>"Francis", "last_name"=>"Kamwendo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603491097"}, {"first_name"=>"Honorati", "last_name"=>"Masanja", "scopus_author_id"=>"16943082700"}, {"first_name"=>"Mohsin", "last_name"=>"Sidat", "scopus_author_id"=>"23668904500"}, {"first_name"=>"Helen", "last_name"=>"de Pinho", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507869317"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875292950", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0058415", "sgr"=>"84875292950", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23555581", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368580211"}, "id"=>"ba3ac6a8-23c7-34d9-bf08-bb29d79ba671", "abstract"=>"Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 commits us to reducing maternal mortality rates by three quarters and MDG 4 commits us to reducing child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. In order to reach these goals, greater access to basic emergency obstetric care (EmOC) as well as comprehensive EmOC which includes safe Caesarean section, is needed.. The limited capacity of health systems to meet demand for obstetric services has led several countries to utilize mid-level cadres as a substitute to more extensively trained and more internationally mobile healthcare workers. Although this does provide greater capacity for service delivery, concern about the performance and motivation of these workers is emerging. We propose that poor leadership characterized by inadequate and unstructured supervision underlies much of the dissatisfaction and turnover that has been shown to exist amongst these mid-level healthcare workers and indeed health workers more generally. To investigate this, we conducted a large-scale survey of 1,561 mid-level cadre healthcare workers (health workers trained for shorter periods to perform specific tasks e.g. clinical officers) delivering obstetric care in Malawi, Tanzania, and Mozambique. Participants indicated the primary supervision method used in their facility and we assessed their job satisfaction and intentions to leave their current workplace. In all three countries we found robust evidence indicating that a formal supervision process predicted high levels of job satisfaction and low intentions to leave. We find no evidence that facility level factors modify the link between supervisory methods and key outcomes. We interpret this evidence as strongly supporting the need to strengthen leadership and implement a framework and mechanism for systematic supportive supervision. This will promote better job satisfaction and improve the retention and performance of obstetric care workers, something which has the potential to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes in the countdown to 2015.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/critical-role-supervision-retaining-staff-obstetric-services-three-country-study", "reader_count"=>127, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>32, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>32, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>12, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>9, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>57, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>26}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>57}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>26}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>12}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>9}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Netherlands"=>2, "United States"=>1, "Tanzania"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Uganda"=>1, "Malaysia"=>2, "Ethiopia"=>1}, "group_count"=>13}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875292950"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875292950?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84875292950&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84875292950&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84875292950", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84875292950", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84875292950", "dc:title"=>"The Critical Role of Supervision in Retaining Staff in Obstetric Services: A Three Country Study", "dc:creator"=>"McAuliffe E.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-03-21", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"21 March 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0058415", "citedby-count"=>"35", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Trinity College Dublin", "affiliation-city"=>"Dublin", "affiliation-country"=>"Ireland"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23555581", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e58415", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0058415", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"404"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013205"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of health workers in each country who have considered leaving their current position.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["workers", "considered", "leaving"], "article_id"=>673616, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Eilish McAuliffe", "Michael Daly", "Francis Kamwendo", "Honorati Masanja", "Mohsin Sidat", "Helen de Pinho"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058415.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_health_workers_in_each_country_who_have_considered_leaving_their_current_position_/673616", "title"=>"Percentage of health workers in each country who have considered leaving their current position.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 01:00:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/994299"], "description"=>"<p>Intention to leave the workplace Z-scores as a function of an absence of supervision, negative feedback only, and formal supervision in: (a) Malawi, (b) Tanzania, and (c) Mozambique.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["z-scores", "supervision"], "article_id"=>657461, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Eilish McAuliffe", "Michael Daly", "Francis Kamwendo", "Honorati Masanja", "Mohsin Sidat", "Helen de Pinho"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058415.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intention_to_leave_the_workplace_Z_scores_as_a_function_of_an_absence_of_supervision_negative_feedback_only_and_formal_supervision_in_a_Malawi_b_Tanzania_and_c_Mozambique_/657461", "title"=>"Intention to leave the workplace Z-scores as a function of an absence of supervision, negative feedback only, and formal supervision in: (a) Malawi, (b) Tanzania, and (c) Mozambique.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-22 06:54:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013166"], "description"=>"*<p>In Mozambique this cadre includes those who classified themselves as ‘Agent Medicine’, ‘Medical Technician’, & ‘Surgical Technician’.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["adequacy", "ratings"], "article_id"=>673577, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Eilish McAuliffe", "Michael Daly", "Francis Kamwendo", "Honorati Masanja", "Mohsin Sidat", "Helen de Pinho"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058415.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_statistics_for_the_demographic_characteristics_and_adequacy_of_supervision_job_satisfaction_and_intention_to_leave_ratings_from_Malawi_Tanzania_and_Mozambique_/673577", "title"=>"Descriptive statistics for the demographic characteristics and adequacy of supervision, job satisfaction and intention to leave ratings from Malawi, Tanzania, and Mozambique.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 00:59:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013186"], "description"=>"†<p><.1, <sup>*</sup> p<.05, <sup>**</sup> p<.01</p>a<p>Each category of supervision methods (i.e. on request, negative feedback only, no feedback) is contrasted with formal supervision in predicting the outcome variables.</p><p>Note: All analyses adjust for participant age, gender, and occupational cadre. In addition, the Malawi and Tanzania analyses adjust for facility level factors (geographic location, size, availability of resources).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multilevel", "supervision", "methods", "intentions"], "article_id"=>673594, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Eilish McAuliffe", "Michael Daly", "Francis Kamwendo", "Honorati Masanja", "Mohsin Sidat", "Helen de Pinho"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058415.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_multilevel_model_testing_the_relationship_between_supervision_methods_and_job_satisfaction_and_intentions_to_leave_across_three_countries_/673594", "title"=>"Results of multilevel model testing the relationship between supervision methods and job satisfaction and intentions to leave across three countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 00:59:54"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"32", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Women's health", "average_usage"=>[238, 448, 580, 684, 784, 897, 964, 1053, 1134, 1220, 1318, 1401, 1453]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[270, 456, 573, 676, 773, 867, 955, 1037, 1120, 1205, 1286, 1363, 1436]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Political science", "average_usage"=>[421, 740, 912, 1049, 1166, 1307, 1424, 1535, 1682, 1829, 1942, 2049, 2090]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts