Effects of Culling on Mesopredator Population Dynamics
Publication Date
March 20, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
James C. Beasley, Zachary H. Olson, William S. Beatty, Guha Dharmarajan, et al
Volume
8
Issue
3
Pages
e58982
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058982
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0058982
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23527065
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3604110
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23527065
Web of Science
000317562600050
Scopus
84875126657
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-culling-mesopredator-population-dynamics
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/993072", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/993074"], "description"=>"<div><p>Anthropogenic changes in land use and the extirpation of apex predators have facilitated explosive growth of mesopredator populations. Consequently, many species have been subjected to extensive control throughout portions of their range due to their integral role as generalist predators and reservoirs of zoonotic disease. Yet, few studies have monitored the effects of landscape composition or configuration on the demographic or behavioral response of mesopredators to population manipulation. During 2007 we removed 382 raccoons (<i>Procyon lotor</i>) from 30 forest patches throughout a fragmented agricultural ecosystem to test hypotheses regarding the effects of habitat isolation on population recovery and role of range expansion and dispersal in patch colonization of mesopredators in heterogeneous landscapes. Patches were allowed to recolonize naturally and demographic restructuring of patches was monitored from 2008–2010 using mark-recapture. An additional 25 control patches were monitored as a baseline measure of demography. After 3 years only 40% of experimental patches had returned to pre-removal densities. This stagnant recovery was driven by low colonization rates of females, resulting in little to no within-patch recruitment. Colonizing raccoons were predominantly young males, suggesting that dispersal, rather than range expansion, was the primary mechanism driving population recovery. Contrary to our prediction, neither landscape connectivity nor measured local habitat attributes influenced colonization rates, likely due to the high dispersal capability of raccoons and limited role of range expansion in patch colonization. Although culling is commonly used to control local populations of many mesopredators, we demonstrate that such practices create severe disruptions in population demography that may be counterproductive to disease management in fragmented landscapes due to an influx of dispersing males into depopulated areas. However, given the slow repopulation rates observed in our study, localized depopulation may be effective at reducing negative ecological impacts of mesopredators in fragmented landscapes at limited spatial and temporal scales.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["culling", "mesopredator", "dynamics"], "article_id"=>656603, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["James C. Beasley", "Zachary H. Olson", "William S. Beatty", "Guha Dharmarajan", "Olin E. Rhodes Jr"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058982.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058982.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Effects_of_Culling_on_Mesopredator_Population_Dynamics__/656603", "title"=>"Effects of Culling on Mesopredator Population Dynamics", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 04:21:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/993070"], "description"=>"<p>Experimental patches were completely depopulated in 2007 and allowed to recolonize naturally.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "raccoons", "averaged", "25", "30", "patches", "monitored", "north-central"], "article_id"=>656601, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["James C. Beasley", "Zachary H. Olson", "William S. Beatty", "Guha Dharmarajan", "Olin E. Rhodes Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058982.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimated_a_density_and_b_female_abundance_of_raccoons_averaged_across_25_control_and_30_experimental_divided_among_three_patch_isolation_categories_isolated_intermediate_and_connected_forest_patches_monitored_from_2007_8211_2010_in_north_central_Indiana/656601", "title"=>"Estimated a) density and b) female abundance of raccoons averaged across 25 control and 30 experimental (divided among three patch isolation categories: isolated, intermediate, and connected) forest patches monitored from 2007–2010 in north-central Indiana, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 04:21:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/993068"], "description"=>"<p>Spatial distribution of experimental (<i>n</i> = 30) and control (<i>n</i> = 25) forest patches used in this study throughout north-central Indiana, USA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["patches", "north-central"], "article_id"=>656599, "categories"=>["Ecology"], "users"=>["James C. Beasley", "Zachary H. Olson", "William S. Beatty", "Guha Dharmarajan", "Olin E. Rhodes Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058982.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_distribution_of_experimental_n_30_and_control_n_25_forest_patches_used_in_this_study_throughout_north_central_Indiana_USA_/656599", "title"=>"Spatial distribution of experimental (<i>n</i> = 30) and control (<i>n</i> = 25) forest patches used in this study throughout north-central Indiana, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-21 04:20:56"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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