Predation Success By A Plant-Ant Indirectly Favours The Growth And Fitness Of Its Host Myrmecophyte
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{"title"=>"Predation Success By A Plant-Ant Indirectly Favours The Growth And Fitness Of Its Host Myrmecophyte", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alain", "last_name"=>"Dejean", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102263144"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérôme", "last_name"=>"Orivel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004209654"}, {"first_name"=>"Vivien", "last_name"=>"Rossi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102959087"}, {"first_name"=>"Olivier", "last_name"=>"Roux", "scopus_author_id"=>"13605419800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérémie", "last_name"=>"Lauth", "scopus_author_id"=>"55567453200"}, {"first_name"=>"Pierre Jean G.", "last_name"=>"Malé", "scopus_author_id"=>"24279954500"}, {"first_name"=>"Régis", "last_name"=>"Céréghino", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603814620"}, {"first_name"=>"Céline", "last_name"=>"Leroy", "scopus_author_id"=>"14522836600"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368535170", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0059405", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875044448", "pmid"=>"23516632", "sgr"=>"84875044448"}, "id"=>"1b0f297a-3c57-3103-9b0d-bb033bafc5c5", "abstract"=>"Mutualisms, or interactions between species that lead to net fitness benefits for each species involved, are stable and ubiquitous in nature mostly due to \"byproduct benefits\" stemming from the intrinsic traits of one partner that generate an indirect and positive outcome for the other. Here we verify if myrmecotrophy (where plants obtain nutrients from the refuse of their associated ants) can explain the stability of the tripartite association between the myrmecophyte Hirtella physophora, the ant Allomerus decemarticulatus and an Ascomycota fungus. The plant shelters and provides the ants with extrafloral nectar. The ants protect the plant from herbivores and integrate the fungus into the construction of a trap that they use to capture prey; they also provide the fungus and their host plant with nutrients. During a 9-month field study, we over-provisioned experimental ant colonies with insects, enhancing colony fitness (i.e., more winged females were produced). The rate of partial castration of the host plant, previously demonstrated, was not influenced by the experiment. Experimental plants showed higher δ(15)N values (confirming myrmecotrophy), plus enhanced vegetative growth (e.g., more leaves produced increased the possibility of lodging ants in leaf pouches) and fitness (i.e., more fruits produced and more flowers that matured into fruit). This study highlights the importance of myrmecotrophy on host plant fitness and the stability of ant-myrmecophyte mutualisms.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/predation-success-plantant-indirectly-favours-growth-fitness-host-myrmecophyte", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987479"], "description"=>"<p>The resident <i>Allomerus decemarticulatus</i> colonies were over-provisioned (experimental trees; open circles; N = 31) or not (control trees; filled circles; N = 41) (means ± se).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["flowers", "fruits", "leaves"], "article_id"=>652211, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Alain Dejean", "Jérôme Orivel", "Vivien Rossi", "Olivier Roux", "Jérémie Lauth", "Pierre-Jean G. Malé", "Régis Céréghino", "Céline Leroy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059405.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Production_of_flowers_A_and_fruits_B_versus_15N_values_for_the_leaves_of_Hirtella_physophora_/652211", "title"=>"Production of flowers (A) and fruits (B) <i>versus</i> δ15N values (‰) for the leaves of <i>Hirtella physophora</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 10:17:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987476"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Leaves bear leaf pouches (left arrow) at the base of their laminas. <i>Allomerus decemarticulatus</i> workers capture a green locust thanks to their trap: a gallery made using severed host plant trichomes and the mycelium of an Astomycota fungus that the ants manipulate to create a composite material pierced by numerous holes (from under which the workers ambush prey). A wasp is seen robbing a piece of the locust abdomen; the wasp was also captured in turn as was the red Reduviid (right arrow). (b) At the distal position of the branch, flowers are segregated on racemous inflorescences at different stages of maturation from flower buds to fully open flowers. (c) Development of young, green (i.e. unripe) drupes. (d) A dark purple (i.e. ripe) drupe. Scale bars represent 1 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["flowers"], "article_id"=>652209, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Alain Dejean", "Jérôme Orivel", "Vivien Rossi", "Olivier Roux", "Jérémie Lauth", "Pierre-Jean G. Malé", "Régis Céréghino", "Céline Leroy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059405.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hirtella_physophora_leaves_flowers_and_fruits_/652209", "title"=>"<i>Hirtella physophora</i> leaves, flowers and fruits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 10:16:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987478"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Juvenile leaves: less than 5 cm long, positioned vertically; the domatia are not fully developed. (b) Expanding leaves: have fully developed domatia, but the blade is still immature. (c) Young leaves: from 15 to 25 cm long; positioned horizontally, mature but still relatively tender, and light green in color. (d) Old leaves: older, non-senescent, mature leaves of up to 30 cm in length, positioned horizontally, stiff, and dark green in color. Scale bars represent 5 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stages"], "article_id"=>652210, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Alain Dejean", "Jérôme Orivel", "Vivien Rossi", "Olivier Roux", "Jérémie Lauth", "Pierre-Jean G. Malé", "Régis Céréghino", "Céline Leroy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059405.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Four_developmental_stages_of_Hirtella_physphora_leaves_/652210", "title"=>"Four developmental stages of <i>Hirtella physphora</i> leaves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 10:17:10"}

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Relative Metric

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