Comparison of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis Strains Isolated from Water and Clinical Samples: Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Relationships
Publication Date
April 01, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Gonzalo Castillo Rojas, Marisa Mazari Hiríart, Sergio Ponce De León, Rosa I. Amieva Fernández, et al
Volume
8
Issue
4
Pages
e59491
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0059491
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23560050
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3613387
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23560050
Web of Science
000316930900018
Scopus
84875674010
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/comparison-enterococcus-faecium-enterococcus-faecalis-strains-isolated-water-clinical-samples-antimi
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Comparison of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis Strains Isolated from Water and Clinical Samples: Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Relationships", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gonzalo", "last_name"=>"Castillo-Rojas", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506705746"}, {"first_name"=>"Marisa", "last_name"=>"Mazari-Hiríart", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603618627"}, {"first_name"=>"Sergio", "last_name"=>"Ponce de León", "scopus_author_id"=>"35884404300"}, {"first_name"=>"Rosa I.", "last_name"=>"Amieva-Fernández", "scopus_author_id"=>"24484554600"}, {"first_name"=>"Raúl A.", "last_name"=>"Agis-Juárez", "scopus_author_id"=>"56013722300"}, {"first_name"=>"Johannes", "last_name"=>"Huebner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005350057"}, {"first_name"=>"Yolanda", "last_name"=>"López-Vidal", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604091699"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23560050", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0059491", "sgr"=>"84875674010", "isbn"=>"1932-6203; 1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875674010", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368634687"}, "id"=>"5d9edae5-c1ae-3bcb-bd3e-f634e23c9620", "abstract"=>"Enterococci are part of the normal intestinal flora in a large number of mammals, and these microbes are currently used as indicators of fecal contamination in water and food for human consumption. These organisms are considered one of the primary causes of nosocomial and environmental infections due to their ability to survive in the environment and to their intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials. The aims of this study were to determine the biochemical patterns and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium isolates from clinical samples and from water (groundwater, water from the Xochimilco wetland, and treated water from the Mexico City Metropolitan Area) and to determine the genetic relationships among these isolates. A total of 121 enterococcus strains were studied; 31 and 90 strains were isolated from clinical samples and water (groundwater, water from the Xochimilco wetland, and water for agricultural irrigation), respectively. Identification to the species level was performed using a multiplex PCR assay, and antimicrobial profiles were obtained using a commercial kit. Twenty-eight strains were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). E. faecium strains isolated from water showed an atypical biochemical pattern. The clinical isolates showed higher resistance to antibiotics than those from water. Both the enterococci isolated from humans, and those isolated from water showed high genetic diversity according to the PFGE analysis, although some strains seemed to be closely related. In conclusion, enterococci isolated from humans and water are genetically different. However, water represents a potential route of transmission to the community and a source of antimicrobial resistance genes that may be readily transmitted to other, different bacterial species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/comparison-enterococcus-faecium-enterococcus-faecalis-strains-isolated-water-clinical-samples-antimi", "reader_count"=>71, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>5, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>5}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>38}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>2, "Portugal"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013896"], "description"=>"a<p>Interpretive criteria are according to CLSI, 2008 (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 2008); Amp = ampicillin, Fd = nitrofurantoin, Imp = imipenem, Rif = rifampin, Te = tetracycline, Va = vancomycin, HLG = high-level resistance to gentamicin, and HLS = high-level resistance to streptomycin.</p>b<p>The numbers in parentheses are the numbers of strains tested.</p>*<p>Four and **two strains had intermediate resistance to vancomycin (8 µL/mL). Clinical samples (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, eye, liver, peripheral venous catheter, pleural fluid, sputum, urine, wound, and respiratory system). Water samples (groundwater for human use and consumption (wells), water from the Xochimilco wetland and water from a water treatment plant (water used for agricultural irrigation).</p>§<p>Fisher-Freeman-Halton exact test. NS = not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["antibiotic", "isolates"], "article_id"=>674305, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_antibiotic_resistance_for_the_E_faecium_and_E_faecalis_isolates_from_clinical_and_water_samples_/674305", "title"=>"Percentages of antibiotic resistance for the <i>E. faecium</i> and <i>E. faecalis</i> isolates from clinical and water samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-01 01:11:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013856"], "description"=>"<p>Strains with discordant results from the multiplex PCR assay and a commercial kit.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["discordant", "multiplex", "pcr", "assay"], "article_id"=>674262, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strains_with_discordant_results_from_the_multiplex_PCR_assay_and_a_commercial_kit_/674262", "title"=>"Strains with discordant results from the multiplex PCR assay and a commercial kit.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-01 01:11:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013874"], "description"=>"a<p>All strains hydrolyzed esculin and grew in 40% bile and 6.5% NaCl.</p>b<p>Isolated strain from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, eyes, livers, peripheral venous catheters, pleural fluid, sputum, urine, wounds, and the respiratory system).</p>c<p>Isolated strains from groundwater for human use and consumption (wells), water from the Xochimilco wetland, and water from a water treatment plant (used for agricultural irrigation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["profiles", "strains"], "article_id"=>674283, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biochemical_profiles_of_E_faecium_and_E_faecalis_strains_from_clinical_and_water_samples_/674283", "title"=>"Biochemical profiles of <i>E. faecium</i> and <i>E. faecalis</i> strains from clinical and water samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-01 01:11:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1003070"], "description"=>"<p>Lane 1) <i>E. faecalis</i> (other respiratory); lane 2) <i>E. faecium</i> (other respiratory); lane 3) <i>E. faecalis</i> (wetland, rainy season); lane 4) <i>E. faecium</i> (water treatment plant); lane 5) <i>E. faecalis</i> (water treatment plant); lane 6) <i>E. faecium</i> (wetland, rainy season); lane 7) <i>E. faecium</i> EF1 (positive control); and lane 8) <i>E. faecalis</i> ATCC 29212 (positive control).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pcr", "assay", "patterns"], "article_id"=>664050, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiplex_PCR_assay_patterns_for_E_faecium_and_E_faecalis_/664050", "title"=>"Multiplex PCR assay patterns for <i>E. faecium</i> and <i>E. faecalis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-02 12:26:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1003073"], "description"=>"<p>A) Agarose gel electrophoresis showing the <i>Sma</i>I digestion patterns of enterococci. B) Graphical representation of the banding patterns. Lane 1) <i>E. faecium</i> (blood); lane 2) <i>E. faecalis</i> (pleural fluid); lane 3) <i>E. faecalis</i> (urine); lane 4) <i>E. faecalis</i> (wound); lane 5) <i>E. faecalis</i> (wetland, rainy season); lane 6) <i>E. faecalis</i> (wetland, dry season); lane 7) <i>E. faecalis</i> (wetland, dry season); and lane 8) <i>E. faecium</i> (wetland, dry season). MWM = Lambda Ladder PFG Marker (New England BioLabs).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pfge", "patterns"], "article_id"=>664053, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electrophoretic_PFGE_patterns_from_E_faecium_and_E_faecalis_/664053", "title"=>"Electrophoretic PFGE patterns from <i>E. faecium</i> and <i>E. faecalis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-02 12:26:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1013917"], "description"=>"<p>Amp = ampicillin, Cp = ciprofloxacin, E = erythromycin, Fd = nitrofurantoin, Imp = imipenem, Nxn = norfloxacin, P = penicillin, Rif = rifampin, Te = tetracycline, and Va = vancomycin.</p>a<p>Numbers of strains. Clin = Clinical samples (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, eye, liver, peripheral venous catheter, pleural fluid, sputum, urine, wound, and respiratory system). WL = water from the Xochimilco wetland, GW = groundwater for human use and consumption (wells), WTP = water from a water treatment plant (used for agricultural irrigation).</p>*<p>Strains with intermediate vancomycin resistance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["susceptibility", "patterns", "isolates"], "article_id"=>674326, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Antimicrobial_susceptibility_patterns_of_E_faecium_and_E_faecalis_isolates_from_clinical_and_water_samples_/674326", "title"=>"Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of <i>E. faecium</i> and <i>E. faecalis</i> isolates from clinical and water samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-01 01:12:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1003075"], "description"=>"<p>The UPGMA dendrogram was constructed with the PFGE patterns of 21 strains using the NTSYS-pc program and Jacquard’s coefficient. Mantel test r = 0.75389, p = 1.0.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dendrogram", "pfge", "patterns", "isolates", "samples", "pleural", "respiratory", "wetland"], "article_id"=>664055, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UPGMA_dendrogram_based_on_the_PFGE_patterns_of_E_faecalis_isolates_from_clinical_samples_blood_pleural_fluid_urine_wounds_and_other_respiratory_sites_and_water_samples_wells_wetland_and_water_treatment_plant_/664055", "title"=>"UPGMA dendrogram based on the PFGE patterns of <i>E. faecalis</i> isolates from clinical samples (blood, pleural fluid, urine, wounds, and other respiratory sites) and water samples (wells, wetland and water treatment plant).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-02 12:27:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1003077"], "description"=>"<p>The UPGMA dendrogram was constructed with the PFGE patterns of 7 strains using the NTSYS-pc program and Jacquard’s coefficient. Mantel test r = 0.76432, p = 0.999.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dendrogram", "pfge", "patterns", "isolates", "samples", "wetland"], "article_id"=>664057, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Infectious Diseases", "Mathematics", "Biotechnology", "Physiology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas", "Marisa Mazari-Hiriart", "Sergio Ponce de León", "Rosa I. Amieva-Fernández", "Raúl A. Agis-Juárez", "Johannes Huebner", "Yolanda López-Vidal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059491.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UPGMA_dendrogram_based_on_PFGE_patterns_of_E_faecium_isolates_from_clinical_samples_urine_and_water_samples_wells_wetland_and_water_treatment_plant_/664057", "title"=>"UPGMA dendrogram based on PFGE patterns of <i>E. faecium</i> isolates from clinical samples (urine) and water samples (wells, wetland and water treatment plant).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-02 12:27:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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