Evaluating the Connectivity of a Protected Areas' Network under the Prism of Global Change: The Efficiency of the European Natura 2000 Network for Four Birds of Prey
Publication Date
March 19, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Antonios D. Mazaris, Alexandra D. Papanikolaou, Morgane Barbet Massin, Athanasios S. Kallimanis, et al
Volume
8
Issue
3
Pages
e59640
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0059640
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23527237
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3602368
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23527237
Web of Science
000317562100152
Scopus
84875112083
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/evaluating-connectivity-protected-areas-network-under-prism-global-change-efficiency-european-natura
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Evaluating the Connectivity of a Protected Areas' Network under the Prism of Global Change: The Efficiency of the European Natura 2000 Network for Four Birds of Prey", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Antonios D.", "last_name"=>"Mazaris", "scopus_author_id"=>"9736304600"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexandra D.", "last_name"=>"Papanikolaou", "scopus_author_id"=>"54380534800"}, {"first_name"=>"Morgane", "last_name"=>"Barbet-Massin", "scopus_author_id"=>"26532370300"}, {"first_name"=>"Athanasios S.", "last_name"=>"Kallimanis", "scopus_author_id"=>"8265370800"}, {"first_name"=>"Frédéric", "last_name"=>"Jiguet", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602531248"}, {"first_name"=>"Dirk S.", "last_name"=>"Schmeller", "scopus_author_id"=>"55926964000"}, {"first_name"=>"John D.", "last_name"=>"Pantis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602999470"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84875112083", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0059640", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368544576", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23527237", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875112083"}, "id"=>"8b854086-9dce-30a7-8155-f66ba7c1365b", "abstract"=>"Climate and land use changes are major threats to biodiversity. To preserve biodiversity, networks of protected areas have been established worldwide, like the Natura 2000 network across the European Union (EU). Currently, this reserve network consists of more than 26000 sites covering more than 17% of EU terrestrial territory. Its efficiency to mitigate the detrimental effects of land use and climate change remains an open research question. Here, we examined the potential current and future geographical ranges of four birds of prey under scenarios of both land use and climate changes. By using graph theory, we examined how the current Natura 2000 network will perform in regard to the conservation of these species. This approach determines the importance of a site in regard to the total network and its connectivity. We found that sites becoming unsuitable due to climate change are not a random sample of the network, but are less connected and contribute less to the overall connectivity than the average site and thus their loss does not disrupt the full network. Hence, the connectivity of the remaining network changed only slightly from present day conditions. Our findings highlight the need to establish species-specific management plans with flexible conservation strategies ensuring protection under potential future range expansions. Aquila pomarina is predicted to disappear from the southern part of its range and to become restricted to northeastern Europe. Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetos, and Neophron percnopterus are predicted to locally lose some suitable sites; hence, some isolated small populations may become extinct. However, their geographical range and metapopulation structure will remain relatively unaffected throughout Europe. These species would benefit more from an improved habitat quality and management of the existing network of protected areas than from increased connectivity or assisted migration.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evaluating-connectivity-protected-areas-network-under-prism-global-change-efficiency-european-natura", "reader_count"=>129, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>39, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>9, "Student > Master"=>22, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>39, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>9, "Student > Master"=>22, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Environmental Science"=>48, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>55, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>55}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>48}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>2, "United States"=>2, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Italy"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Jersey"=>1, "Australia"=>3, "France"=>3, "Portugal"=>2, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>17}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992025"], "description"=>"<p>Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Gyps fulvus.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Terrestrial environments", "biodiversity", "biogeography", "Conservation science", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Metapopulation dynamics", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "modeled", "distributions"], "article_id"=>655796, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Antonios D. Mazaris", "Alexandra D. Papanikolaou", "Morgane Barbet-Massin", "Athanasios S. Kallimanis", "Frédéric Jiguet", "Dirk S. Schmeller", "John D. Pantis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_structure_of_the_current_and_future_modeled_distributions_of_Gyps_fulvus_/655796", "title"=>"Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Gyps fulvus.</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-20 12:42:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992026"], "description"=>"<p>Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Aquila chrysaetos.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Terrestrial environments", "biodiversity", "biogeography", "Conservation science", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Metapopulation dynamics", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "modeled", "distributions"], "article_id"=>655797, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Antonios D. Mazaris", "Alexandra D. Papanikolaou", "Morgane Barbet-Massin", "Athanasios S. Kallimanis", "Frédéric Jiguet", "Dirk S. Schmeller", "John D. Pantis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_structure_of_the_current_and_future_modeled_distributions_of_Aquila_chrysaetos_/655797", "title"=>"Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Aquila chrysaetos.</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-20 12:42:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992028"], "description"=>"<p>Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Neophron percnopterus</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Terrestrial environments", "biodiversity", "biogeography", "Conservation science", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Metapopulation dynamics", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "modeled", "distributions"], "article_id"=>655799, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Antonios D. Mazaris", "Alexandra D. Papanikolaou", "Morgane Barbet-Massin", "Athanasios S. Kallimanis", "Frédéric Jiguet", "Dirk S. Schmeller", "John D. Pantis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_structure_of_the_current_and_future_modeled_distributions_of_Neophron_percnopterus_/655799", "title"=>"Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Neophron percnopterus</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-20 12:43:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992029"], "description"=>"<p>Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Aquila pomarina</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Terrestrial environments", "biodiversity", "biogeography", "Conservation science", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Metapopulation dynamics", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "modeled", "distributions"], "article_id"=>655800, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Antonios D. Mazaris", "Alexandra D. Papanikolaou", "Morgane Barbet-Massin", "Athanasios S. Kallimanis", "Frédéric Jiguet", "Dirk S. Schmeller", "John D. Pantis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_structure_of_the_current_and_future_modeled_distributions_of_Aquila_pomarina_/655800", "title"=>"Network structure of the current and future modeled distributions of <i>Aquila pomarina</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-20 12:43:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992031", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/992033"], "description"=>"<div><p>Climate and land use changes are major threats to biodiversity. To preserve biodiversity, networks of protected areas have been established worldwide, like the Natura 2000 network across the European Union (EU). Currently, this reserve network consists of more than 26000 sites covering more than 17% of EU terrestrial territory. Its efficiency to mitigate the detrimental effects of land use and climate change remains an open research question. Here, we examined the potential current and future geographical ranges of four birds of prey under scenarios of both land use and climate changes. By using graph theory, we examined how the current Natura 2000 network will perform in regard to the conservation of these species. This approach determines the importance of a site in regard to the total network and its connectivity. We found that sites becoming unsuitable due to climate change are not a random sample of the network, but are less connected and contribute less to the overall connectivity than the average site and thus their loss does not disrupt the full network. Hence, the connectivity of the remaining network changed only slightly from present day conditions. Our findings highlight the need to establish species-specific management plans with flexible conservation strategies ensuring protection under potential future range expansions. <i>Aquila pomarina</i> is predicted to disappear from the southern part of its range and to become restricted to northeastern Europe. <i>Gyps fulvus, Aquila chrysaetos,</i> and <i>Neophron percnopterus</i> are predicted to locally lose some suitable sites; hence, some isolated small populations may become extinct. However, their geographical range and metapopulation structure will remain relatively unaffected throughout Europe. These species would benefit more from an improved habitat quality and management of the existing network of protected areas than from increased connectivity or assisted migration.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Ecological environments", "Terrestrial environments", "biodiversity", "biogeography", "Conservation science", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Metapopulation dynamics", "Zoology", "Ornithology", "evaluating", "connectivity", "protected", "prism", "european", "Natura", "2000", "birds", "prey"], "article_id"=>655802, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Antonios D. Mazaris", "Alexandra D. Papanikolaou", "Morgane Barbet-Massin", "Athanasios S. Kallimanis", "Frédéric Jiguet", "Dirk S. Schmeller", "John D. Pantis"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059640.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Evaluating_the_Connectivity_of_a_Protected_Areas_Network_under_the_Prism_of_Global_Change_The_Efficiency_of_the_European_Natura_2000_Network_for_Four_Birds_of_Prey__/655802", "title"=>"Evaluating the Connectivity of a Protected Areas' Network under the Prism of Global Change: The Efficiency of the European Natura 2000 Network for Four Birds of Prey", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-03-20 12:43:54"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[281, 484, 611, 728, 835, 934, 1030, 1123, 1214, 1299, 1383, 1464]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Conservation science", "average_usage"=>[390, 618, 766, 904, 1030, 1153, 1268, 1391, 1487, 1591, 1685, 1767, 1865]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[263, 456, 571, 673, 776, 866, 955, 1040, 1132, 1217, 1310, 1391, 1454]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Human geography", "average_usage"=>[260, 446, 573, 690, 792, 899, 988, 1069, 1160, 1252, 1311, 1380, 1445]}]}
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