Trends in Ecological Research during the Last Three Decades – A Systematic Review
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{"title"=>"Trends in Ecological Research during the Last Three Decades - A Systematic Review", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yohay", "last_name"=>"Carmel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006145700"}, {"first_name"=>"Rafi", "last_name"=>"Kent", "scopus_author_id"=>"36696378300"}, {"first_name"=>"Avi", "last_name"=>"Bar-Massada", "scopus_author_id"=>"55666150200"}, {"first_name"=>"Lior", "last_name"=>"Blank", "scopus_author_id"=>"55194322200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan", "last_name"=>"Liberzon", "scopus_author_id"=>"24474887000"}, {"first_name"=>"Oded", "last_name"=>"Nezer", "scopus_author_id"=>"55658430700"}, {"first_name"=>"Gill", "last_name"=>"Sapir", "scopus_author_id"=>"55659904400"}, {"first_name"=>"Roy", "last_name"=>"Federman", "scopus_author_id"=>"36139310000"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84876548054", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0059813", "pui"=>"368794641", "sgr"=>"84876548054", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23637740"}, "id"=>"408eb272-7549-3f09-bd94-c50a8f025586", "abstract"=>"It is thought that the science of ecology has experienced conceptual shifts in recent decades, chiefly from viewing nature as static and balanced to a conception of constantly changing, unpredictable, complex ecosystems. Here, we ask if these changes are reflected in actual ecological research over the last 30 years. We surveyed 750 articles from the entire pool of ecological literature and 750 articles from eight leading journals. Each article was characterized according to its type, ecological domain, and applicability, and major topics. We found that, in contrast to its common image, ecology is still mostly a study of single species (70% of the studies); while ecosystem and community studies together comprise only a quarter of ecological research. Ecological science is somewhat conservative in its topics of research (about a third of all topics changed significantly through time), as well as in its basic methodologies and approaches. However, the growing proportion of problem-solving studies (from 9% in the 1980s to 20% in the 2000 s) may represent a major transition in ecological science in the long run.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/trends-ecological-research-during-last-three-decades-systematic-review", "reader_count"=>143, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>40, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>27, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>40, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>27, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>27, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>39, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>91, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>91}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>39}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Sweden"=>2, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>6, "Brazil"=>10, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Israel"=>2, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>2, "Portugal"=>3, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033947"], "description"=>"***<p>Change is significant at the Bonferroni-adjusted level, p<0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "types", "problem-solving"], "article_id"=>689906, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_percentage_change_in_the_frequency_of_research_types_and_problem_solving_studies_in_ecological_research_1980_8211_2010_/689906", "title"=>"Annual percentage change in the frequency of research types and problem-solving studies, in ecological research 1980–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033948"], "description"=>"***<p>Change is significant at the Bonferroni-adjusted level, p<0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "domains", "topics"], "article_id"=>689907, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_percentage_change_in_the_frequency_of_domains_and_topics_in_ecological_research_1980_8211_2010_/689907", "title"=>"Annual percentage change in the frequency of domains and topics in ecological research 1980–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033949"], "description"=>"<p>Differences between the two surveys are: *** significant at the Bonferroni-adjusted level, p<0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "types", "problem-solving"], "article_id"=>689908, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_research_types_and_problem_solving_studies_in_ecological_research_1980_8211_2010_/689908", "title"=>"Frequency of research types and problem-solving studies, in ecological research 1980–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033950"], "description"=>"<p>Differences between the two surveys are: *** significant at the Bonferroni-adjusted level, p<0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "domains", "topics"], "article_id"=>689909, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_domains_and_topics_in_ecological_research_1980_8211_2010_/689909", "title"=>"Frequency of domains and topics in ecological research 1980–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033951", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033952", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033954"], "description"=>"<div><p>It is thought that the science of ecology has experienced conceptual shifts in recent decades, chiefly from viewing nature as static and balanced to a conception of constantly changing, unpredictable, complex ecosystems. Here, we ask if these changes are reflected in actual ecological research over the last 30 years. We surveyed 750 articles from the entire pool of ecological literature and 750 articles from eight leading journals. Each article was characterized according to its type, ecological domain, and applicability, and major topics. We found that, in contrast to its common image, ecology is still mostly a study of single species (70% of the studies); while ecosystem and community studies together comprise only a quarter of ecological research. Ecological science is somewhat conservative in its topics of research (about a third of all topics changed significantly through time), as well as in its basic methodologies and approaches. However, the growing proportion of problem-solving studies (from 9% in the 1980s to 20% in the 2000 s) may represent a major transition in ecological science in the long run.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "decades", "systematic"], "article_id"=>689910, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>18, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trends_in_Ecological_Research_during_the_Last_Three_Decades_8211_A_Systematic_Review_/689910", "title"=>"Trends in Ecological Research during the Last Three Decades – A Systematic Review", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1033944"], "description"=>"<p>White bars denote ‘all journals’ and gray bars denote ‘core journals’. Temporal trend was significant for community studies only (a logistic model, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813#pone-0059813-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Research assessment", "Research monitoring", "research funding", "Government funding of science", "Research laboratories", "Science policy and economics", "Science and technology workforce", "Careers in research", "Sociology", "Sociology of knowledge", "domains"], "article_id"=>689903, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Yohay Carmel", "Rafi Kent", "Avi Bar-Massada", "Lior Blank", "Jonathan Liberzon", "Oded Nezer", "Gill Sapir", "Roy Federman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059813.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportions_of_ecological_domains_in_the_last_three_decades_/689903", "title"=>"Proportions of ecological domains in the last three decades.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 02:45:03"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[284, 475, 603, 722, 826, 928, 1026, 1129, 1225, 1310, 1390, 1468, 1549]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[298, 487, 610, 722, 827, 929, 1029, 1125, 1217, 1306, 1388, 1464, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecosystems", "average_usage"=>[284, 427]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Population ecology", "average_usage"=>[294, 467]}]}
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