Functional Impairment of Microglia Coincides with Beta-Amyloid Deposition in Mice with Alzheimer-Like Pathology
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{"title"=>"Functional Impairment of Microglia Coincides with Beta-Amyloid Deposition in Mice with Alzheimer-Like Pathology", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Grietje", "last_name"=>"Krabbe", "scopus_author_id"=>"54896122700"}, {"first_name"=>"Annett", "last_name"=>"Halle", "scopus_author_id"=>"23567915700"}, {"first_name"=>"Vitali", "last_name"=>"Matyash", "scopus_author_id"=>"35237720900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jan L.", "last_name"=>"Rinnenthal", "scopus_author_id"=>"36605141500"}, {"first_name"=>"Gina D.", "last_name"=>"Eom", "scopus_author_id"=>"55217880700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ulrike", "last_name"=>"Bernhardt", "scopus_author_id"=>"57081264500"}, {"first_name"=>"Kelly R.", "last_name"=>"Miller", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404256549"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefan", "last_name"=>"Prokop", "scopus_author_id"=>"8564962400"}, {"first_name"=>"Helmut", "last_name"=>"Kettenmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007107408"}, {"first_name"=>"Frank L.", "last_name"=>"Heppner", "scopus_author_id"=>"23086064100"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368695826", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0060921", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84876006819", "pmid"=>"23577177", "sgr"=>"84876006819"}, "id"=>"e5107cbc-898e-36d7-841d-683029833104", "abstract"=>"Microglial cells closely interact with senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease and acquire the morphological appearance of an activated phenotype. The significance of this microglial phenotype and the impact of microglia for disease progression have remained controversial. To uncover and characterize putative changes in the functionality of microglia during Alzheimer's disease, we directly assessed microglial behavior in two mouse models of Alzheimer's disease. Using in vivo two-photon microscopy and acute brain slice preparations, we found that important microglial functions - directed process motility and phagocytic activity - were strongly impaired in mice with Alzheimer's disease-like pathology compared to age-matched non-transgenic animals. Notably, impairment of microglial function temporally and spatially correlated with Aβ plaque deposition, and phagocytic capacity of microglia could be restored by interventionally decreasing amyloid burden by Aβ vaccination. These data suggest that major microglial functions progressively decline in Alzheimer's disease with the appearance of Aβ plaques, and that this functional impairment is reversible by lowering Aβ burden, e.g. by means of Aβ vaccination.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-impairment-microglia-coincides-betaamyloid-deposition-mice-alzheimerlike-pathology", "reader_count"=>290, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>59, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>65, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>45, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>50, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Researcher"=>59, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>65, "Student > Postgraduate"=>12, "Student > Master"=>45, "Other"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>50, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>14, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>136, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Engineering"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>20, "Materials Science"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>40, "Neuroscience"=>52, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>7, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>40}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>14}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>52}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>136}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>20}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "Korea (South)"=>1, "United States"=>2, "China"=>1, "Poland"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Mexico"=>2, "Australia"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>4, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>13}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018261"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Representative images (left) and microglial phagocytic index (in arbitrary units, a.u., right) of 9 month old <i>APPPS1</i> mice and wildtype littermate controls (3 mice per genotype; p<0.001). Images show microglia (Iba-1, red), Aβ (4G8, blue) and fluorescent microspheres (green). Orthogonal views of z-stack images are shown in the bottom panel. (<b>B</b>) Representative images (left) and microglial phagocytic index of 20 month old <i>APP23</i> and age-matched control mice (3 mice per genotype, p<0.001, right) are shown. Data are mean ± s.e.m, ***p<0.001. Scale bars: 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunology", "Immune cells", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "mouse", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular types", "neuroscience", "Cellular neuroscience", "Neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neurology", "dementia", "Alzheimer disease", "cortical", "microglia", "impaired", "cerebral"], "article_id"=>677576, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Grietje Krabbe", "Annett Halle", "Vitali Matyash", "Jan L. Rinnenthal", "Gina D. Eom", "Ulrike Bernhardt", "Kelly R. Miller", "Stefan Prokop", "Helmut Kettenmann", "Frank L. Heppner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phagocytic_capacity_of_cortical_microglia_is_impaired_in_two_mouse_models_of_cerebral_amyloidosis_/677576", "title"=>"Phagocytic capacity of cortical microglia is impaired in two mouse models of cerebral amyloidosis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-08 02:06:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018266", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018267", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018268", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018269", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018271"], "description"=>"<div><p>Microglial cells closely interact with senile plaques in Alzheimer’s disease and acquire the morphological appearance of an activated phenotype. The significance of this microglial phenotype and the impact of microglia for disease progression have remained controversial. To uncover and characterize putative changes in the functionality of microglia during Alzheimer’s disease, we directly assessed microglial behavior in two mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease. Using <i>in vivo</i> two-photon microscopy and acute brain slice preparations, we found that important microglial functions - directed process motility and phagocytic activity - were strongly impaired in mice with Alzheimer’s disease-like pathology compared to age-matched non-transgenic animals. Notably, impairment of microglial function temporally and spatially correlated with Aβ plaque deposition, and phagocytic capacity of microglia could be restored by interventionally decreasing amyloid burden by Aβ vaccination. These data suggest that major microglial functions progressively decline in Alzheimer’s disease with the appearance of Aβ plaques, and that this functional impairment is reversible by lowering Aβ burden, e.g. by means of Aβ vaccination.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunology", "Immune cells", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "mouse", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular types", "neuroscience", "Cellular neuroscience", "Neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neurology", "dementia", "Alzheimer disease", "impairment", "microglia", "coincides", "beta-amyloid", "deposition", "mice", "alzheimer-like"], "article_id"=>677581, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Grietje Krabbe", "Annett Halle", "Vitali Matyash", "Jan L. Rinnenthal", "Gina D. Eom", "Ulrike Bernhardt", "Kelly R. Miller", "Stefan Prokop", "Helmut Kettenmann", "Frank L. Heppner"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Functional_Impairment_of_Microglia_Coincides_with_Beta_Amyloid_Deposition_in_Mice_with_Alzheimer_Like_Pathology_/677581", "title"=>"Functional Impairment of Microglia Coincides with Beta-Amyloid Deposition in Mice with Alzheimer-Like Pathology", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-04-08 02:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018262"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Aβ plaque load (brain area covered by Thiazine red-positive plaques) and relative microglial phagocytic activity normalized to corresponding wildtype littermate in the cortex of 7–9 week, 4 and 9 month old <i>APPPS1</i> mice. 7–9 week old mice were sub-classified according to apparent 4G8 positive plaque deposition as with (+) or without (−) detectable plaque load. (<b>B</b>) Correlation between extent of plaque load and relative microglial phagocytic activity in the cortex of <i>APPPS1</i> mice. (<b>C, D</b>) Thiazine red-covered area and relative phagocytic activity of microglia in the hippocampus of 7–9 week and 4 month old mice (<b>C</b>) and in the cerebellum of 4 month old <i>APPPS1</i> mice (<b>D</b>). Absolute values of microglial phagocytic indices from <i>APPPS1</i> mice were normalized to wildtype littermate controls (3–4 mice per age group and genotype, ***p<0.001). (<b>E</b>) Phagocytic index (3 independent experiments, p = 0.181) and representative images of primary microglial cultures from wildtype and <i>APPPS1</i> mice. Microglia (Iba-1, red), nuclei (DRAQ5, blue) and microspheres (green). All data are mean ± s.e.m, *p<0.05, **p<0.01. a.u. = arbitrary units. Scale bars: 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunology", "Immune cells", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "mouse", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular types", "neuroscience", "Cellular neuroscience", "Neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neurology", "dementia", "Alzheimer disease", "microglial", "phagocytosis", "mice", "correlates", "plaque"], "article_id"=>677577, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Grietje Krabbe", "Annett Halle", "Vitali Matyash", "Jan L. Rinnenthal", "Gina D. Eom", "Ulrike Bernhardt", "Kelly R. Miller", "Stefan Prokop", "Helmut Kettenmann", "Frank L. Heppner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impairment_of_microglial_phagocytosis_in_APPPS1_mice_correlates_with_A_plaque_deposition_/677577", "title"=>"Impairment of microglial phagocytosis in <i>APPPS1</i> mice correlates with Aβ plaque deposition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-08 02:06:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018263"], "description"=>"<p>5 month old <i>APPPS1</i> mice (n = 3 mice per group) and wildtype littermates (n = 2 mice per group) were biweekly injected intraperitoneally with IgG (black bar) or anti-Aβ antibody (Ab9, grey bar) for 6 weeks. The area covered by Thiazine Red-positive Aβ plaques in cortex (<b>A</b>) and hippocampus (<b>B</b>) of 6.5 month old <i>APPPS1</i> mice or age-matched controls treated with IgG or Ab9 is shown in the left panel. Absolute values of microglial phagocytic indices in the cortex (<b>A</b>) and hippocampus (<b>B</b>) of the same mice are depicted on the right panel. All data are mean ± s.e.m, *p<0.05, **p<0.01. a.u. = arbitrary units.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunology", "Immune cells", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "mouse", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular types", "neuroscience", "Cellular neuroscience", "Neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neurology", "dementia", "Alzheimer disease", "vaccination", "plaque", "restores", "hippocampal", "microglial", "phagocytic"], "article_id"=>677578, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Grietje Krabbe", "Annett Halle", "Vitali Matyash", "Jan L. Rinnenthal", "Gina D. Eom", "Ulrike Bernhardt", "Kelly R. Miller", "Stefan Prokop", "Helmut Kettenmann", "Frank L. Heppner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Passive_anti_A_946_vaccination_reduces_plaque_burden_and_restores_hippocampal_microglial_phagocytic_activity_/677578", "title"=>"Passive anti-Aβ vaccination reduces plaque burden and restores hippocampal microglial phagocytic activity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-08 02:06:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1018260"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Representative intravital two-photon microscopy images and (<b>B</b>) time course of microglial process movement towards a laser-induced micro-lesion (dashed circle) in 8 month old live anaesthetized <i>APPPS1</i>-<i>Cx3cr1</i><sup>+/gfp</sup> (n = 6) and <i>Cx3cr1</i><sup>+/gfp</sup> mice (n = 8). Aβ plaques are stained with Methoxy-XO4 (blue, *). (<b>C</b>) Representative images and (<b>D</b>) relative microglial response to laser lesions in acute cortical cerebral slices of 10 month old <i>APPPS1</i>-<i>Cx3cr1</i><sup>+/gfp</sup> (n = 8) and <i>Cx3cr1</i><sup>+/gfp</sup> (n = 7) mice. Aβ plaques are stained with Thiazine Red (red, *). Data are mean ± s.e.m, *p<0.05. Scale bars: 10 µm. a.u. = arbitrary units.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["immunology", "Immune cells", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "mouse", "Molecular cell biology", "Cellular types", "neuroscience", "Cellular neuroscience", "Neurobiology of disease and regeneration", "neurology", "dementia", "Alzheimer disease", "microglial", "impaired", "cerebral"], "article_id"=>677575, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Grietje Krabbe", "Annett Halle", "Vitali Matyash", "Jan L. Rinnenthal", "Gina D. Eom", "Ulrike Bernhardt", "Kelly R. Miller", "Stefan Prokop", "Helmut Kettenmann", "Frank L. Heppner"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0060921.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lesion_directed_microglial_process_movement_is_impaired_in_a_mouse_model_of_cerebral_amyloidosis_/677575", "title"=>"Lesion-directed microglial process movement is impaired in a mouse model of cerebral amyloidosis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-08 02:06:15"}

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Relative Metric

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