Cognitive Training Improves Sleep Quality and Cognitive Function among Older Adults with Insomnia
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{"title"=>"Cognitive Training Improves Sleep Quality and Cognitive Function among Older Adults with Insomnia", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Iris", "last_name"=>"Haimov", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603157654"}, {"first_name"=>"Evelyn", "last_name"=>"Shatil", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507916923"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23577218", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0061390", "sgr"=>"84875937202", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0061390", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84875937202", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368686482"}, "id"=>"dffcc3b2-d750-33e3-aa6e-dafd70d365cc", "abstract"=>"To investigate the effect of an eight-week, home-based, personalized, computerized cognitive training program on sleep quality and cognitive performance among older adults with insomnia. Participants (n = 51) were randomly allocated to a cognitive training group (n = 34) or to an active control group (n = 17). The participants in the cognitive training group completed an eight-week, home-based, personalized, computerized cognitive training program, while the participants in the active control group completed an eight-week, home-based program involving computerized tasks that do not engage high-level cognitive functioning. Before and after training, all participants' sleep was monitored for one week by an actigraph and their cognitive performance was evaluated. Community setting: residential sleep/performance testing facility. Fifty-one older adults with insomnia (aged 65–85). Eight weeks of computerized cognitive training for older adults with insomnia. Mixed models for repeated measures analysis showed between-group improvements for the cognitive training group on both sleep quality (sleep onset latency and sleep efficiency) and cognitive performance (avoiding distractions, working memory, visual memory, general memory and naming). Hierarchical linear regressions analysis in the cognitive training group indicated that improved visual scanning is associated with earlier advent of sleep, while improved naming is associated with the reduction in wake after sleep onset and with the reduction in number of awakenings. Likewise the results indicate that improved “avoiding distractions” is associated with an increase in the duration of sleep. Moreover, the results indicate that in the active control group cognitive decline observed in working memory is associated with an increase in the time required to fall asleep. New learning is instrumental in promoting initiation and maintenance of sleep in older adults with insomnia. Lasting and personalized cognitive training is particularly indicated to generate the type of learning necessary for combined cognitive and sleep enhancements in this population. {ClinicalTrials.gov} {NCT00901641}", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cognitive-training-improves-sleep-quality-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-insomnia-10", "reader_count"=>91, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>8, "Materials Science"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Design"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>28, "Social Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>28}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Russia"=>2}, "group_count"=>11}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016587"], "description"=>"<p>Linear regression between Mean Difference (post-intervention mean minus baseline mean) in Number of Awakening (dependent) and Mean Difference (post-intervention mean minus baseline mean) in Naming (independent).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regression", "minus", "baseline", "awakening", "naming"], "article_id"=>676234, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linear_regression_between_Mean_Difference_post_intervention_mean_minus_baseline_mean_in_Number_of_Awakening_dependent_and_Mean_Difference_post_intervention_mean_minus_baseline_mean_in_Naming_independent_/676234", "title"=>"Linear regression between Mean Difference (post-intervention mean minus baseline mean) in Number of Awakening (dependent) and Mean Difference (post-intervention mean minus baseline mean) in Naming (independent).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016588"], "description"=>"<p>Significance levels:</p>“<p> = significant at the level of.09,</p>*<p> = significant at the level of.05,</p>**<p> = significant at the level of.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hierarchical", "regression"], "article_id"=>676235, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_prediction_of_sleep_improvements_hierarchical_regression_results_/676235", "title"=>"The prediction of sleep improvements: hierarchical regression results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016589"], "description"=>"1<p>d = mean-differences (post-intervention mean minus baseline mean); AM = Auditory (non-linguistic) memory; DA = Divided Attention; DS = Avoiding Distractions; GC = Hand-eye co-ordination; GM = General Memory; IN = Inhibition; NM = Naming; PL = Planning; RT = Response Time; SH = Shifting; SP = Spatial Perception; TE = Time estimation; VM = Visual Working Memory; VP = Visual Perception; VS = Visual Scanning; WM = Working Linguistic-Auditory Memory.</p>2<p>Significance levels:</p>“<p> = significant at the level of.09,</p>*<p> = significant at the level of.05,</p>**<p> = significant at the level of.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["correlations", "differences", "abilities"], "article_id"=>676236, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Table_6_Correlations_between_mean_differences_in_sleep_quality_parameters_and_mean_differences_in_cognitive_abilities_in_the_cognitive_training_and_active_control_groups_/676236", "title"=>"Table <b>6.</b> Correlations between mean differences in sleep quality parameters and mean differences in cognitive abilities in the cognitive training and active control groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016590"], "description"=>"1<p>AM = Auditory (non-linguistic) memory; DA = Divided Attention; DS = Avoiding Distractions; GC = Hand-eye co-ordination.</p><p>GM = General Memory; IN = Inhibition; NM = Naming; PL = Planning; RT = Response Time; SH = Shifting; SP = Spatial Perception; TE = Time estimation; VM = Visual Working Memory; VP = Visual Perception; VS = Visual Scanning; WM = Working Linguistic-Auditory Memory.</p>2<p>Significance levels:</p>*<p> = significant at the level of 0.05,</p>**<p> = significant at the level of 0.01,</p>***<p> = significant at the level of 0.001.</p>3<p>Cohen's d effect sizes:</p>∧<p> = small-sized effect,</p>∧∧<p> = medium-sized effect,</p>∧∧∧<p> = large-sized effect.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["baseline", "between-group", "differences", "abilities", "groups", "adjusting"], "article_id"=>676237, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_models_statistics_for_within_group_baseline_and_between_group_differences_on_cognitive_abilities_for_the_two_study_groups_after_adjusting_for_age_/676237", "title"=>"Mixed models statistics for within-group, baseline and between-group differences on cognitive abilities for the two study groups after adjusting for age.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016591"], "description"=>"1<p>SOL = Sleep Onset Latency (minutes); SE = Sleep Efficiency (%); Total Sleep Time (minutes); WASO = Wake After Sleep Onset (minutes); NA = Number of Awakenings.</p>2<p>Significance levels:</p>*<p> = significant at the level of 0.05,</p>**<p> = significant at the level of 0.01,</p>***<p> = significant at the level of 0.001.</p>3<p>Cohen’s d effect sizes:</p>∧<p> = small-sized effect,</p>∧∧<p> = medium-sized effect,</p>∧∧∧<p> = large-sized effect.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["baseline", "between-group", "differences", "groups", "adjusting"], "article_id"=>676238, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mixed_models_statistics_for_within_group_baseline_and_between_group_differences_on_sleep_quality_parameters_for_the_two_study_groups_after_adjusting_for_age_/676238", "title"=>"Mixed models statistics for within-group, baseline and between-group differences on sleep quality parameters for the two study groups after adjusting for age.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016592"], "description"=>"<p>Baseline Characteristics of Participants.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "physiology", "neuroscience", "neurological disorders"], "article_id"=>676239, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_Characteristics_of_Participants_/676239", "title"=>"Baseline Characteristics of Participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016593"], "description"=>"<p>Number of Visits to the Participants' Homes and Purpose of Each Visit.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["visits", "homes"], "article_id"=>676240, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_Visits_to_the_Participants_Homes_and_Purpose_of_Each_Visit_/676240", "title"=>"Number of Visits to the Participants' Homes and Purpose of Each Visit.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:44:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016594"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of Measures Taken in Each Phase of the Study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["measures", "taken"], "article_id"=>676241, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_Measures_Taken_in_Each_Phase_of_the_Study_/676241", "title"=>"Summary of Measures Taken in Each Phase of the Study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:44:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016596", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016600", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1016607"], "description"=>"<div><p>Study Objectives</p><p>To investigate the effect of an eight-week, home-based, personalized, computerized cognitive training program on sleep quality and cognitive performance among older adults with insomnia.</p> <p>Design</p><p>Participants (n = 51) were randomly allocated to a cognitive training group (n = 34) or to an active control group (n = 17). The participants in the cognitive training group completed an eight-week, home-based, personalized, computerized cognitive training program, while the participants in the active control group completed an eight-week, home-based program involving computerized tasks that do not engage high-level cognitive functioning. Before and after training, all participants' sleep was monitored for one week by an actigraph and their cognitive performance was evaluated.</p> <p>Setting</p><p>Community setting: residential sleep/performance testing facility.</p> <p>Participants</p><p>Fifty-one older adults with insomnia (aged 65–85).</p> <p>Interventions</p><p>Eight weeks of computerized cognitive training for older adults with insomnia.</p> <p>Results</p><p>Mixed models for repeated measures analysis showed between-group improvements for the cognitive training group on both sleep quality (sleep onset latency and sleep efficiency) and cognitive performance (avoiding distractions, working memory, visual memory, general memory and naming). Hierarchical linear regressions analysis in the cognitive training group indicated that improved visual scanning is associated with earlier advent of sleep, while improved naming is associated with the reduction in wake after sleep onset and with the reduction in number of awakenings. Likewise the results indicate that improved “avoiding distractions” is associated with an increase in the duration of sleep. Moreover, the results indicate that in the active control group cognitive decline observed in working memory is associated with an increase in the time required to fall asleep.</p> <p>Conclusions</p><p>New learning is instrumental in promoting initiation and maintenance of sleep in older adults with insomnia. Lasting and personalized cognitive training is particularly indicated to generate the type of learning necessary for combined cognitive and sleep enhancements in this population.</p> <p>Trial Registration</p><p>ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00901641<a href=\"http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00901641\" target=\"_blank\"></a></p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["improves", "older", "adults"], "article_id"=>676243, "categories"=>["Physiology", "Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Iris Haimov", "Evelyn Shatil"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061390.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>57, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cognitive_Training_Improves_Sleep_Quality_and_Cognitive_Function_among_Older_Adults_with_Insomnia_/676243", "title"=>"Cognitive Training Improves Sleep Quality and Cognitive Function among Older Adults with Insomnia", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-04-05 01:44:03"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[261, 444, 554, 655, 748, 834, 923, 1004, 1089, 1170, 1244, 1315, 1380]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 449, 572, 676, 775, 866, 955, 1041, 1127, 1213, 1290, 1370, 1437]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[253, 430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[294, 460, 580, 683, 777, 868, 957, 1044, 1124, 1202, 1276, 1356, 1422]}]}
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