Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Isolated from Free-Ranging Northern Elephant Seals in 2010 off the Central California Coast
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{"title"=>"Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Isolated from Free-Ranging Northern Elephant Seals in 2010 off the Central California Coast", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tracey", "last_name"=>"Goldstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004660880"}, {"first_name"=>"Ignacio", "last_name"=>"Mena", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006440301"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon J.", "last_name"=>"Anthony", "scopus_author_id"=>"35365788200"}, {"first_name"=>"Rafael", "last_name"=>"Medina", "scopus_author_id"=>"56384500300"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick W.", "last_name"=>"Robinson", "scopus_author_id"=>"26321978600"}, {"first_name"=>"Denise J.", "last_name"=>"Greig", "scopus_author_id"=>"9243993800"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel P.", "last_name"=>"Costa", "scopus_author_id"=>"24346625300"}, {"first_name"=>"W. Ian", "last_name"=>"Lipkin", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005714572"}, {"first_name"=>"Adolfo", "last_name"=>"Garcia-Sastre", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006948562"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter M.", "last_name"=>"Boyce", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103194129"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84877782003", "sgr"=>"84877782003", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0062259", "pmid"=>"23690933", "isbn"=>"0001402110", "pui"=>"368921120"}, "id"=>"5d084d29-96e9-3939-b6ac-9bc547e4cf43", "abstract"=>"Interspecies transmission of influenza A is an important factor in the evolution and ecology of influenza viruses. Marine mammals are in contact with a number of influenza reservoirs, including aquatic birds and humans, and this may facilitate transmission among avian and mammalian hosts. Virus isolation, whole genome sequencing, and hemagluttination inhibition assay confirmed that exposure to pandemic H1N1 influenza virus occurred among free-ranging Northern Elephant Seals (Mirounga angustirostris) in 2010. Nasal swabs were collected from 42 adult female seals in April 2010, just after the animals had returned to the central California coast from their short post-breeding migration in the northeast Pacific. Swabs from two seals tested positive by RT-PCR for the matrix gene, and virus was isolated from each by inoculation into embryonic chicken eggs. Whole genome sequencing revealed greater than 99% homology with A/California/04/2009 (H1N1) that emerged in humans from swine in 2009. Analysis of more than 300 serum samples showed that samples collected early in 2010 (n = 100) were negative and by April animals began to test positive for antibodies against the pH1N1 virus (HI titer of ≥1∶40), supporting the molecular findings. In vitro characterizations studies revealed that viral replication was indistinguishable from that of reference strains of pH1N1 in canine kidney cells, but replication was inefficient in human epithelial respiratory cells, indicating these isolates may be elephant seal adapted viruses. Thus findings confirmed that exposure to pandemic H1N1 that was circulating in people in 2009 occurred among free-ranging Northern Elephant Seals in 2010 off the central California coast. This is the first report of pH1N1 (A/Elephant seal/California/1/2010) in any marine mammal and provides evidence for cross species transmission of influenza viruses in free-ranging wildlife and movement of influenza viruses between humans and wildlife.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/pandemic-h1n1-influenza-isolated-freeranging-northern-elephant-seals-2010-central-california-coast", "reader_count"=>62, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>2, "United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1061680"], "description"=>"<p>Supernantants were collected at the indicated time points and titrated by standard plaque assay, graphs show the mean titres of triplicate wells per time point and error bars indicate the standard deviation. The dotted line represents the limit of detection of 50 PFU/m.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Marine biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "influenza", "Zoonoses", "Avian influenza A viruses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary virology", "Zoonotic diseases", "Veterinary epidemiology", "vitro", "replication", "kinetics", "viruses", "seals", "curves", "ph1n1", "isolates", "madin", "darby", "canine", "kidney", "cells", "tracheobronchial", "epithelial", "compared"], "article_id"=>703683, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Tracey Goldstein", "Ignacio Mena", "Simon J. Anthony", "Rafael Medina", "Patrick W. Robinson", "Denise J. Greig", "Daniel P. Costa", "W. Ian Lipkin", "Adolfo García-Sastre", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062259.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>79, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_vitro_replication_kinetics_of_A_H1N1_pdm09_like_viruses_isolated_from_Northern_elephant_seals_showing_growth_curves_of_the_two_elephant_seal_pH1N1_isolates_in_Madin_Darby_Canine_kidney_MDCK_cells_A_and_Human_Tracheobronchial_Epithelial_HTBE_cells_B_co/703683", "title"=>"In vitro replication kinetics of A(H1N1)pdm09-like viruses isolated from Northern elephant seals showing growth curves of the two elephant seal pH1N1 isolates in Madin Darby Canine kidney (MDCK) cells (A) and Human Tracheobronchial Epithelial (HTBE) cells (B) compared to three reference stains: A/California/04/2009, A/Mexico/4108/2009, A/Netherlands/602/2009.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-15 01:01:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1061683"], "description"=>"<p>Amino acid substitutions in the elephant seal pH1N1 strains (A/elephant seal/California/1/2010) isolated in California, USA, in 2010 compared with A/California/04/2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Marine biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "influenza", "Zoonoses", "Avian influenza A viruses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary virology", "Zoonotic diseases", "Veterinary epidemiology", "substitutions", "ph1n1", "strains", "2010", "compared"], "article_id"=>703684, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Tracey Goldstein", "Ignacio Mena", "Simon J. Anthony", "Rafael Medina", "Patrick W. Robinson", "Denise J. Greig", "Daniel P. Costa", "W. Ian Lipkin", "Adolfo García-Sastre", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062259.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Amino_acid_substitutions_in_the_elephant_seal_pH1N1_strains_A_elephant_seal_California_1_2010_isolated_in_California_USA_in_2010_compared_with_A_California_04_2009_/703684", "title"=>"Amino acid substitutions in the elephant seal pH1N1 strains (A/elephant seal/California/1/2010) isolated in California, USA, in 2010 compared with A/California/04/2009.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-15 01:01:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1061673"], "description"=>"<p>The arrows indicate when infected seals were detected by PCR and virus isolation, the bars represent the number of free-ranging adult females (grey bars) and pups upon admission to rehabilitation (black bars) that tested positive for antibodies (numbers above the bars were the number of seals tested each month).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Marine biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "influenza", "Zoonoses", "Avian influenza A viruses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary virology", "Zoonotic diseases", "Veterinary epidemiology", "pandemic", "h1n1", "followed", "seroconversion", "seals", "california", "2010"], "article_id"=>703677, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Tracey Goldstein", "Ignacio Mena", "Simon J. Anthony", "Rafael Medina", "Patrick W. Robinson", "Denise J. Greig", "Daniel P. Costa", "W. Ian Lipkin", "Adolfo García-Sastre", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062259.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evidence_of_exposure_to_pandemic_H1N1_followed_by_seroconversion_in_Northern_elephant_seals_Mirounga_angustrostris_off_central_California_in_2010_to_2011_/703677", "title"=>"Evidence of exposure to pandemic H1N1 followed by seroconversion in Northern elephant seals (<i>Mirounga angustrostris</i>) off central California in 2010 to 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-15 01:01:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1061675"], "description"=>"<p>The line represents the cut-off value for seropositive samples of titers ≥40.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Marine biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Infectious diseases", "Viral diseases", "influenza", "Zoonoses", "Avian influenza A viruses", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary virology", "Zoonotic diseases", "Veterinary epidemiology", "hemagglutinin", "inhibition", "assay", "serologic", "titers", "ranged", "varied", "2010"], "article_id"=>703678, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Tracey Goldstein", "Ignacio Mena", "Simon J. Anthony", "Rafael Medina", "Patrick W. Robinson", "Denise J. Greig", "Daniel P. Costa", "W. Ian Lipkin", "Adolfo García-Sastre", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062259.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Individual_Hemagglutinin_Inhibition_Assay_serologic_results_over_time_showing_positive_titers_that_ranged_from_1_8758_80_to_1_8758_1280_but_varied_by_animal_group_in_2010_to_2011_/703678", "title"=>"Individual Hemagglutinin Inhibition Assay serologic results over time showing positive titers that ranged from 1∶80 to 1∶1280, but varied by animal group in 2010 to 2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-15 01:01:18"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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