Habitat and Host Indicate Lineage Identity in Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l. from Wild and Agricultural Landscapes in North America
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{"title"=>"Habitat and Host Indicate Lineage Identity in Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l. from Wild and Agricultural Landscapes in North America", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Vinson P.", "last_name"=>"Doyle", "scopus_author_id"=>"55295615200"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter V.", "last_name"=>"Oudemans", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701498706"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen A.", "last_name"=>"Rehner", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602168942"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy", "last_name"=>"Litt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004886796"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84877098676", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0062394", "pui"=>"368853057", "pmid"=>"23671594", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84877098676", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"fd6c1f06-4aa5-3ae8-9480-9a2f6fac0096", "abstract"=>"Understanding the factors that drive the evolution of pathogenic fungi is central to revealing the mechanisms of virulence and host preference, as well as developing effective disease control measures. Prerequisite to these pursuits is the accurate delimitation of species boundaries. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l. is a species complex of plant pathogens and endophytic fungi for which reliable species recognition has only recently become possible through a multi-locus phylogenetic approach. By adopting an intensive regional sampling strategy encompassing multiple hosts within and beyond agricultural zones associated with cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton), we have integrated North America strains of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l. from these habitats into a broader phylogenetic framework. We delimit species on the basis of genealogical concordance phylogenetic species recognition (GCPSR) and quantitatively assess the monophyly of delimited species at each of four nuclear loci and in the combined data set with the genealogical sorting index (gsi). Our analysis resolved two principal lineages within the species complex. Strains isolated from cranberry and sympatric host plants are distributed across both of these lineages and belong to seven distinct species or terminal clades. Strains isolated from V. macrocarpon in commercial cranberry beds belong to four species, three of which are described here as new. Another species, C. rhexiae Ellis & Everh., is epitypified. Intensive regional sampling has revealed a combination of factors, including the host species from which a strain has been isolated, the host organ of origin, and the habitat of the host species, as useful indicators of species identity in the sampled regions. We have identified three broadly distributed temperate species, C. fructivorum, C. rhexiae, and C. nupharicola, that could be useful for understanding the microevolutionary forces that may lead to species divergence in this important complex of endophytes and plant pathogens.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/habitat-host-indicate-lineage-identity-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-sl-wild-agricultural-landscape", "reader_count"=>53, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Vietnam"=>1, "Sri Lanka"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Brazil"=>3}, "group_count"=>8}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053405"], "description"=>"<p>Accession numbers for cultures deposited at Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS) are included for relevant strains.</p>*<p>Endophyte isolates.</p><p>ND – not designated.</p><p>NA – not available.</p><p>Type strains are in bold-faced type.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "strains", "included", "phylogenetic"], "article_id"=>697637, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Colletotrichum_strains_included_in_the_four_marker_D4G_phylogenetic_analysis_/697637", "title"=>"<i>Colletotrichum</i> strains included in the four marker (D4G) phylogenetic analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053406"], "description"=>"#<p>Taxa: number of taxa included in the analysis.</p>#<p>Chars: number of characters per locus. %PIC: Percent of parsimony informative characters.</p>#<p>MPTs: number of most parsimonious trees. MPT: length of the most parsimonious trees. CI: ensemble consistency index. RI: ensemble retention index. ML –ln L: ML score of best tree calculated in RAxML under the GTRGAMMA model. BI –ln L: ML score of best tree from 4 runs of 10,000,000 generations inferred in MrBayes calculated in RAxML with GTRGAMMA model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology"], "article_id"=>697638, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tree_statistics_/697638", "title"=>"Tree statistics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053407"], "description"=>"***<p>p-value <0.001.</p>**<p>p-value <0.01.</p>*<p>p-value <0.05.</p><p>NSp-value >0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "sorting", "indices", "1000", "bootstrap", "trees", "calculated", "genealogical"], "article_id"=>697639, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genealogical_sorting_indices_of_1000_bootstrap_trees_calculated_using_genealogical_Sorting_R_package_with_1_000_permutations_/697639", "title"=>"Genealogical sorting indices of 1000 bootstrap trees calculated using genealogical Sorting R package with 1,000 permutations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053374"], "description"=>"<p>Outgroup taxa (<i>Coll57, Coll60, 3386, 4801, 4766</i>) have been trimmed from the phylogram. Support values of 1.0 or 100% are represented with “*”. Terminals enclosed in shaded boxes represent sequence data from ex-type strains. Clades enclosed in red boxes contain isolates from <i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> in cultivated cranberry beds in North America. Clades enclosed in orange boxes contain isolates from host species sympatric with cultivated <i>V. macrocarpon</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology"], "article_id"=>697609, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bayesian_majority_rule_consensus_tree_with_support_values_PP_ML_BS_MP_BS_for_the_combined_analysis_of_nrITS_btub_apn2_and_apn2mat_IGS_/697609", "title"=>"Bayesian majority rule consensus tree with support values (PP/ML-BS/MP-BS) for the combined analysis of nrITS, <i>btub</i>, <i>apn2</i>, and <i>apn2mat/IGS</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:06:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053410", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053417", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053419", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053421", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053423", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053425", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053426", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053427", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053430", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053435", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053437", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053438"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understanding the factors that drive the evolution of pathogenic fungi is central to revealing the mechanisms of virulence and host preference, as well as developing effective disease control measures. Prerequisite to these pursuits is the accurate delimitation of species boundaries. <i>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l.</i> is a species complex of plant pathogens and endophytic fungi for which reliable species recognition has only recently become possible through a multi-locus phylogenetic approach. By adopting an intensive regional sampling strategy encompassing multiple hosts within and beyond agricultural zones associated with cranberry (<i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> Aiton), we have integrated North America strains of <i>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides s.l.</i> from these habitats into a broader phylogenetic framework. We delimit species on the basis of genealogical concordance phylogenetic species recognition (GCPSR) and quantitatively assess the monophyly of delimited species at each of four nuclear loci and in the combined data set with the genealogical sorting index (<i>gsi</i>). Our analysis resolved two principal lineages within the species complex. Strains isolated from cranberry and sympatric host plants are distributed across both of these lineages and belong to seven distinct species or terminal clades. Strains isolated from <i>V. macrocarpon</i> in commercial cranberry beds belong to four species, three of which are described here as new. Another species, <i>C. rhexiae</i> Ellis & Everh., is epitypified. Intensive regional sampling has revealed a combination of factors, including the host species from which a strain has been isolated, the host organ of origin, and the habitat of the host species, as useful indicators of species identity in the sampled regions. We have identified three broadly distributed temperate species, <i>C. fructivorum</i>, <i>C. rhexiae</i>, and <i>C. nupharicola</i>, that could be useful for understanding the microevolutionary forces that may lead to species divergence in this important complex of endophytes and plant pathogens.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "lineage", "landscapes", "america"], "article_id"=>697642, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.s012"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>20, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Habitat_and_Host_Indicate_Lineage_Identity_in_Colletotrichum_gloeosporioides_s_l_from_Wild_and_Agricultural_Landscapes_in_North_America/697642", "title"=>"Habitat and Host Indicate Lineage Identity in <i>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides</i> s.l. from Wild and Agricultural Landscapes in North America", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053376"], "description"=>"<p>Clades enclosed in red boxes contain isolates from <i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> in cultivated cranberry beds in North America. Clades enclosed in orange boxes contain isolates from host species sympatric with cultivated <i>V. macrocarpon</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "concordance", "bayesian", "nodes"], "article_id"=>697611, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primary_concordance_tree_resulting_from_the_Bayesian_concordance_analysis_of_the_nrITS_btub_apn2_and_apn2mat_IGS_with_concordance_factors_for_nodes_above_the_species_level_/697611", "title"=>"Primary concordance tree resulting from the Bayesian concordance analysis of the nrITS, <i>btub</i>, <i>apn2</i>, and <i>apn2mat/IGS</i> with concordance factors for nodes above the species level.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:06:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053380"], "description"=>"<p>Clades enclosed in red boxes contain isolates from <i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> in cultivated cranberry beds in North America. Clades enclosed in orange boxes contain isolates from host species sympatric with cultivated <i>V. macrocarpon</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "expanded", "taxon", "sampling", "reduced", "dataset"], "article_id"=>697615, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bayesian_majority_rule_consensus_tree_with_support_values_PP_ML_BS_for_the_combined_analysis_with_expanded_taxon_sampling_but_a_reduced_dataset_D3G_nrITS_btub_and_apn2mat_IGS_/697615", "title"=>"Bayesian majority rule consensus tree with support values (PP/ML-BS) for the combined analysis with expanded taxon sampling but a reduced dataset (D3G - nrITS, <i>btub</i>, and <i>apn2mat/IGS</i>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:06:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053383"], "description"=>"<p>A) Box plot of species isolated from <i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> and other sympatric host species in commercial cranberry beds. Red boxes represent species where strains have been isolated from <i>V. macrocarpon</i> in commercial beds only. Non-colored boxes represent species isolated only from sympatric host species. B) Box plot of several strains representing species within the <i>C. gloeosporioides</i> species complex. Purple boxes represent species that contain strains isolated from host plants found in wild and commercial cranberry bogs in North America. Non-colored boxes represent species not found in these habitats.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "rates"], "article_id"=>697618, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_plots_of_daily_growth_rates_representing_various_species_in_the_Colletotrichum_gloeosporioides_species_complex_/697618", "title"=>"Box plots of daily growth rates representing various species in the <i>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides</i> species complex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:06:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053384"], "description"=>"<p>A, C, E) Box plot of species isolated from <i>Vaccinium macrocarpon</i> and other sympatric host species in commercial cranberry beds. Red boxes represent species where strains have been isolated from <i>V. macrocarpon</i> in commercial beds only. The measurements for <i>C. sp. indet. C</i> were taken from the only strain to have been isolated from commercial cranberry beds. Non-colored boxes represent species isolated only from sympatric host species. B, D, F) Box plot of several strains representing species within the <i>C. gloeosporioides</i> species complex. Purple boxes represent species that contain strains isolated from host plants found in wild and commercial cranberry bogs in North America. The measurements for <i>Colletotrichum sp. indet. C</i> were taken from both known strains. Non-colored boxes represent species not found in these habitats.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "conidial", "sizes"], "article_id"=>697619, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_plots_of_conidial_sizes_representing_various_species_in_the_Colletotrichum_gloeosporioides_species_complex_/697619", "title"=>"Box plots of conidial sizes representing various species in the <i>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides</i> species complex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:06:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053388"], "description"=>"<p>A-D. Conidia. A) <i>C. rhexiae</i> on CMA. B) <i>C. melanocaulon</i> on CMA. C) <i>C. temperatum</i> on CMA. D) <i>C. fructivorum</i> on CMA. E-H. Asci and ascospores. E) <i>C. rhexiae</i> on PDA. F) <i>C. temperatum</i> on CMA. G) <i>C. temperatum</i> on CMA. H) <i>C. fructivorum</i> on V8 agar. I-L. Phialides. I) <i>C. rhexiae</i> on CMA. J) <i>C. melanocaulon</i> on SNA. K) <i>C. temperatum</i> on CMA. L) <i>C. fructivorum</i> on CMA. M-P. Hyphal appressoria. M) <i>C. rhexiae.</i> N) <i>C. melanocaulon.</i> O) <i>C. temperatum</i>. P) <i>C. fructivorum</i>. Q-X. Colonies on PDA after 10 days at 25°C in the dark (100×15 mm plates). Q) <i>C. rhexiae</i> obverse. R) <i>C. rhexiae</i> reverse. S) <i>C. melanocaulon</i> obverse. T) <i>C. melanocaulon</i> reverse. U) <i>C. temperatum</i> obverse. V) <i>C. temperatum</i> reverse. W) <i>C. fructivorum</i> obverse. X) <i>C. fructivorum</i> reverse. All scale bars = 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology", "epitypified", "american", "cranberry"], "article_id"=>697623, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_New_and_epitypified_species_of_Colletotrichum_from_North_American_cranberry_bogs_/697623", "title"=>"New and epitypified species of <i>Colletotrichum</i> from North American cranberry bogs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1053392"], "description"=>"<p>A) Colletotrichum melanocaulon on SNA. B) Colletotrichum rhexiae on CMA. C) Colletotrichum rhexiae on SNA. D) Colletotrichum fructivorum on CMA. E) Colletotrichum temperatum on CMA. F) Colletotrichum sp. indet. B on SNA. Scale bars = 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["crops", "Crop diseases", "Computational biology", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary systematics", "Molecular systematics", "microbiology", "Mycology", "Plant science", "Botany", "Plant pathology"], "article_id"=>697628, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Vinson P. Doyle", "Peter V. Oudemans", "Stephen A. Rehner", "Amy Litt"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062394.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Setae_/697628", "title"=>"Setae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-06 02:07:08"}

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