A Dynamical Model of Hierarchical Selection and Coordination in Speech Planning
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{"title"=>"A Dynamical Model of Hierarchical Selection and Coordination in Speech Planning", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sam", "last_name"=>"Tilsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"24538003100"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23638147", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0062800", "sgr"=>"84876554135", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84876554135", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"368794652"}, "id"=>"b9af5192-efea-38e9-910f-7b03abca9cde", "abstract"=>"studies of the control of complex sequential movements have dissociated two aspects of movement planning: control over the sequential selection of movement plans, and control over the precise timing of movement execution. This distinction is particularly relevant in the production of speech: utterances contain sequentially ordered words and syllables, but articulatory movements are often executed in a non-sequential, overlapping manner with precisely coordinated relative timing. This study presents a hybrid dynamical model in which competitive activation controls selection of movement plans and coupled oscillatory systems govern coordination. The model departs from previous approaches by ascribing an important role to competitive selection of articulatory plans within a syllable. Numerical simulations show that the model reproduces a variety of speech production phenomena, such as effects of preparation and utterance composition on reaction time, and asymmetries in patterns of articulatory timing associated with onsets and codas. The model furthermore provides a unified understanding of a diverse group of phonetic and phonological phenomena which have not previously been related.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dynamical-model-hierarchical-selection-coordination-speech-planning", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>7, "Computer Science"=>1, "Linguistics"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>18}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034761"], "description"=>"<p>(A) onset consonantal gestures are precisely coordinated with the vocalic gesture and overlap substantially. (B) coda consonantal gestures are selected sequentially. Arrows show movement onsets. Gestural scores aligned to movement trajectories are shown for consonantal and vocalic gestures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "articulatory", "coordination"], "article_id"=>690574, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_articulatory_coordination_and_sequencing_/690574", "title"=>"Illustration of articulatory coordination and sequencing.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034762"], "description"=>"<p>For each form, a coupling graph is shown with in-phase coupling (solid green lines) and anti-phase coupling (dashed red lines). Oscillator phases proceed counter-clockwise until they reach an arbitrary phase value that triggers movement initiation, i.e. activation of the corresponding gesture in a gestural score.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "oscillators", "coordination", "cv", "ccv", "vc"], "article_id"=>690575, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coupled_oscillators_model_of_coordination_for_CV_pa_CCV_spa_and_VC_ap_forms_/690575", "title"=>"Coupled oscillators model of coordination for CV (/pa/), CCV (/spa/), and VC (/ap/) forms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034763"], "description"=>"<p>(A) competitive selection of three units. (B) competitive selection of four units, with movement initiation delayed relative to (A). (C) Sequencing error in which unit 3 is selected early.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior"], "article_id"=>690576, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Competitive_selection_model_dynamics_/690576", "title"=>"Competitive selection model dynamics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034765"], "description"=>"<p>Spin-coupling forces act to decrease or increase the phase difference between oscillatory systems. Activation-coupling forces act mutually to increase or decrease activation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "spin-coupling", "activation"], "article_id"=>690578, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_illustration_of_effects_of_spin_coupling_and_activation_coupling_/690578", "title"=>"Schematic illustration of effects of spin-coupling and activation coupling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:38"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034766"], "description"=>"<p>Composite (black lines) and component functions (colored lines) are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "functions", "corresponding", "vector", "fields", "stages", "articulatory"], "article_id"=>690579, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Activation_potential_functions_and_corresponding_vector_fields_from_three_stages_of_articulatory_production_A_prior_to_response_intention_B_after_response_intention_before_selection_C_after_selection_/690579", "title"=>"Activation potential functions and corresponding vector fields from three stages of articulatory production: (A) prior to response intention, (B) after response intention before selection, (C) after selection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034768"], "description"=>"<p>Attractive/excitatory coupling relations solid lines) and repulsive/inhibitory coupling relations (dashed lines) are shown. (A) monosyllables; (B) multisyllabic and multi-word responses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "activation", "coupling"], "article_id"=>690581, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_activation_and_spin_coupling_graphs_/690581", "title"=>"Examples of activation and spin coupling graphs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034769"], "description"=>"<p>(A) a CVC form “pot”. (B) a CCVCC form “spots”. Top rows of panels show potential functions and phases from a sequence of five stages in the planning of the utterance. Bottom rows of panels show activation variables and gestural driving functions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "asymmetry"], "article_id"=>690582, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simulations_of_onset_coda_asymmetry_and_complex_onsets_codas_/690582", "title"=>"Simulations of onset/coda asymmetry and complex onsets/codas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034771"], "description"=>"<p>Bold line shows prepared-response RT  = 180 ms, dashed lines show corresponding range of ΔRT  = [150, 250] for a given value of <i>c<sub>x</sub></i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "rt", "activation"], "article_id"=>690584, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dependence_of_RT_on_the_activation_potential_gain_c_x_and_initial_activation_x_0_/690584", "title"=>"Dependence of RT on the activation potential gain (<i>c<sub>x</sub></i>) and initial activation (<i>x</i><sub>0</sub>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034773"], "description"=>"<p>The magnitudes of length and complexity effects are comparable in model simulations (squares) and empirical results (circles).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "rt", "words", "syllables"], "article_id"=>690586, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dependence_of_RT_on_the_number_of_words_utterance_length_and_the_number_of_syllables_per_word_word_complexity_/690586", "title"=>"Dependence of RT on the number of words (utterance length) and the number of syllables per word (word complexity).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034775"], "description"=>"<p>Comparison of the standard coupled oscillators model and the activation-spin model in accounting for onset/coda asymmetries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "coupled", "oscillators", "activation-spin"], "article_id"=>690588, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_standard_coupled_oscillators_model_and_the_activation_spin_model_in_accounting_for_onset_coda_asymmetries_/690588", "title"=>"Comparison of the standard coupled oscillators model and the activation-spin model in accounting for onset/coda asymmetries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1034776"], "description"=>"<div><p>Studies of the control of complex sequential movements have dissociated two aspects of movement planning: control over the sequential selection of movement plans, and control over the precise timing of movement execution. This distinction is particularly relevant in the production of speech: utterances contain sequentially ordered words and syllables, but articulatory movements are often executed in a non-sequential, overlapping manner with precisely coordinated relative timing. This study presents a hybrid dynamical model in which competitive activation controls selection of movement plans and coupled oscillatory systems govern coordination. The model departs from previous approaches by ascribing an important role to competitive selection of articulatory plans within a syllable. Numerical simulations show that the model reproduces a variety of speech production phenomena, such as effects of preparation and utterance composition on reaction time, and asymmetries in patterns of articulatory timing associated with onsets and codas. The model furthermore provides a unified understanding of a diverse group of phonetic and phonological phenomena which have not previously been related.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Motor reactions", "computational neuroscience", "Motor systems", "neural networks", "Neurolinguistics", "linguistics", "Computational linguistics", "Natural language", "phonology", "Psycholinguistics", "speech", "psychology", "behavior", "Human performance", "Verbal behavior", "dynamical", "hierarchical", "coordination"], "article_id"=>690589, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sam Tilsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062800", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_Dynamical_Model_of_Hierarchical_Selection_and_Coordination_in_Speech_Planning_/690589", "title"=>"A Dynamical Model of Hierarchical Selection and Coordination in Speech Planning", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-24 00:09:49"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 428]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[253, 430]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Linguistics", "average_usage"=>[290, 461, 572, 671, 770, 847, 934, 1000, 1096, 1189, 1263, 1319, 1382]}]}
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Net::HTTPTooManyRequests

Source
Scopus
Time
2019-11-30 15:05:19 UTC
Target URL
https://api.elsevier.com/content/search/index:SCOPUS?query=DOI(10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0062800)
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'