Dynamics of Specific Anti-Mycobacterium avium Subsp. paratuberculosis Antibody Response through Age
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{"title"=>"Dynamics of Specific Anti-Mycobacterium avium Subsp. paratuberculosis Antibody Response through Age", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Søren Saxmose", "last_name"=>"Nielsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402454704"}, {"first_name"=>"Nils", "last_name"=>"Toft", "scopus_author_id"=>"9037225200"}, {"first_name"=>"Hisako", "last_name"=>"Okura", "scopus_author_id"=>"35389395600"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84876921230", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0063009", "pui"=>"368833117", "pmid"=>"23658660", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84876921230", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"37e29260-ffb6-3f42-80be-937f929422fc", "abstract"=>"Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) causes a chronic infection in cattle. MAP infected cattle with humoral immune (HI) reactions with IgG antibodies are usually those where latency of infection has ceased and their infection is progressing towards reduced milk yield, weight loss and significant bacterial excretion in feces. The proportion of detectable infections among all infected animals that will develop disease is often referred to as 'the tip of the iceberg'. The purpose of this study was to estimate this proportion. Test-records from 18,972 Danish dairy cows with MAP specific IgG antibodies on their final test-record were used to estimate age-specific sensitivities (Se). These cows were the infected ones considered to develop disease in a population with a representative age-distribution and were defined as cases. The specificity (Sp) of the test was estimated based on test-results from 166,905 cows, which had no MAP IgG antibodies in their final four test-records. The Sp, age-specific Se and maximum Se were used to estimate the probability of having HI at a given age resulting in the proportion of infected cows with HI at a given age. For cows 2 years of age, the proportion of detectable cases was 0.33, while it was 0.94 for cows 5 years of age. Thus, there was a significant shift in the tip of the iceberg with aging. This study provided a model for estimating the proportion of latent chronic infections that would progress to disease, and the results can be used to model infection dynamics.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dynamics-specific-antimycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-antibody-response-through-age", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>11, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>11}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Denmark"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1047728"], "description"=>"<p>Shaded area illustrates 95% point specific confidence interval of sensitivities. The proportion of cows with and without IgG antibodies at different ages above and below the dotted line, respectively. The full lines represent the data based on cases defined as the last sample being positive, whereas the dotted lines represent data where cases were required to be positive on the last two samples.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal production", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary bacteriology", "Veterinary epidemiology", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary immunology", "Veterinary microbiology", "sensitivities", "cows", "pro-", "anti-inflammatory"], "article_id"=>693328, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Søren Saxmose Nielsen", "Nils Toft", "Hisako Okura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063009.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Age_specific_sensitivities_and_proportion_of_cows_with_pro_and_anti_inflammatory_responses_/693328", "title"=>"Age-specific sensitivities and proportion of cows with pro- and anti-inflammatory responses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-29 00:55:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1047731"], "description"=>"1<p>Age in years.</p><p>One randomly selected observation from each cow was used.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal production", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary bacteriology", "Veterinary epidemiology", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary immunology", "Veterinary microbiology", "elisa", "positives", "cases", "non-cases"], "article_id"=>693331, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Søren Saxmose Nielsen", "Nils Toft", "Hisako Okura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063009.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_ELISA_positives_among_cases_and_non_cases_in_different_age_groups_/693331", "title"=>"Distribution of ELISA positives among cases and non-cases in different age-groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-04-29 00:55:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1047725"], "description"=>"<p>The grey rectangle shows the part of the tests used for case and non-case definition, while the rest of the test results were used for the estimations. Nos. 1 and 2 are cases because last sample is positive. Nos. 3 and 4 are non-cases, because last four samples were negative. No. 5 is excluded because it does not fulfill criteria of last sample being positive (cases) or last 4 samples being negative (non-cases). No. 6 would be excluded, because there was only one sample, and case positivity and test positivity would be identical.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal production", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary bacteriology", "Veterinary epidemiology", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary immunology", "Veterinary microbiology", "non-cases", "excluded"], "article_id"=>693325, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Søren Saxmose Nielsen", "Nils Toft", "Hisako Okura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063009.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_cases_non_cases_and_excluded_cows_/693325", "title"=>"Examples of cases, non-cases and excluded cows.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-29 00:55:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1047726"], "description"=>"<p>Test-responses are relative to the first date the animal tested positive. The black line represents the 79% of cows where all subsequent test-results were positive, whereas the grey lines represent the remaining 21% where different proportions of the total number of samples were test-positive.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal production", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary bacteriology", "Veterinary epidemiology", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary immunology", "Veterinary microbiology", "test-responses", "cows"], "article_id"=>693326, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Søren Saxmose Nielsen", "Nils Toft", "Hisako Okura"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063009.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Smoothed_test_responses_for_the_case_cows_used_for_sensitivity_estimation_/693326", "title"=>"Smoothed test-responses for the case cows used for sensitivity estimation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-04-29 00:55:26"}

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Relative Metric

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