Physiological and Biogeochemical Traits of Bleaching and Recovery in the Mounding Species of Coral Porites lobata: Implications for Resilience in Mounding Corals
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{"title"=>"Physiological and Biogeochemical Traits of Bleaching and Recovery in the Mounding Species of Coral Porites lobata: Implications for Resilience in Mounding Corals", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stephen J.", "last_name"=>"Levas", "scopus_author_id"=>"23990979700"}, {"first_name"=>"Andréa G.", "last_name"=>"Grottoli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603275172"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam", "last_name"=>"Hughes", "scopus_author_id"=>"36834624800"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher L.", "last_name"=>"Osburn", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006969995"}, {"first_name"=>"Yohei", "last_name"=>"Matsui", "scopus_author_id"=>"16402681800"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84877033888", "sgr"=>"84877033888", "pui"=>"368847526", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23658817", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0063267"}, "id"=>"c8f3a278-d65d-33a2-b7a1-c38bfcbf4b01", "abstract"=>"Mounding corals survive bleaching events in greater numbers than branching corals. However, no study to date has determined the underlying physiological and biogeochemical trait(s) that are responsible for mounding coral holobiont resilience to bleaching. Furthermore, the potential of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) as a source of fixed carbon to bleached corals has never been determined. Here, Porites lobata corals were experimentally bleached for 23 days and then allowed to recover for 0, 1, 5, and 11 months. At each recovery interval a suite of analyses were performed to assess their recovery (photosynthesis, respiration, chlorophyll a, energy reserves, tissue biomass, calcification, delta C-13 of the skeletal, delta C-13, and delta N-15 of the animal host and endosymbiont fractions). Furthermore, at 0 months of recovery, the assimilation of photosynthetically acquired and zooplankton-feeding acquired carbon into the animal host, endosymbiont, skeleton, and coral-mediated DOC were measured via C-13-pulse-chase labeling. During the first month of recovery, energy reserves and tissue biomass in bleached corals were maintained despite reductions in chlorophyll a, photosynthesis, and the assimilation of photosynthetically fixed carbon. At the same time, P. lobata corals catabolized carbon acquired from zooplankton and seemed to take up DOC as a source of fixed carbon. All variables that were negatively affected by bleaching recovered within 5 to 11 months. Thus, bleaching resilience in the mounding coral P. lobata is driven by its ability to actively catabolize zooplankton-acquired carbon and seemingly utilize DOC as a significant fixed carbon source, facilitating the maintenance of energy reserves and tissue biomass. With the frequency and intensity of bleaching events expected to increase over the next century, coral diversity on future reefs may favor not only mounding morphologies but species like P. lobata, which have the ability to utilize heterotrophic sources of fixed carbon that minimize the impact of bleaching and promote fast recovery.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/physiological-biogeochemical-traits-bleaching-recovery-mounding-species-coral-porites-lobata-implica", "reader_count"=>79, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Taiwan"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051435"], "description"=>"<p>Six genetically distinct coral colonies were fragmented with half of the fragments from each colony placed into ambient tanks (control) and the other half placed into treatment tanks. After 23 days at experimental conditions corals were either immediately collected (0 month recovery corals), pulse-chased with either DIC or Rotifer (only at 0 month recovery), or placed back on the reef to recover and subsequently collected after 1, 5, and 11 months. Numbers in parentheses indicate how many coral fragments that were collected at each step.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "coral"], "article_id"=>696128, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diagram_of_coral_collection_and_experimental_design_/696128", "title"=>"Diagram of coral collection and experimental design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051453"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS, sum of squares of the effect; NB, Non-bleached; BL, Bleached; 0, 1, 5, and 11, recovery interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "interactive", "inverval", "genotype"], "article_id"=>696140, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_recovery_inverval_R_and_genotype_G_on_13_C_s_948_13_C_h_948_13_C_e_and_948_13_C_h_8211_948_13_C_e_for_all_6_genotypes_/696140", "title"=>"Results of main and interactive effects of temperature (T), recovery inverval (R), and genotype (G) on δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>s</sub>, δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>h</sub>, δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>e</sub>, and δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>h</sub>–δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>e</sub> for all 6 genotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051450"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS sum of squares of the effect; Endo. = endosymbiont; 4–12, chase interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "interactive", "enrichment", "12-hr", "8-hr", "incubation"], "article_id"=>696137, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_tissue_fraction_Ti_and_chase_interval_Ch_on_13_C_enrichment_during_a_12_hr_chase_following_an_8_hr_incubation_with_13_C_labeled_rotifers_/696137", "title"=>"Results of main and interactive effects of temperature (T), tissue fraction (Ti), and chase interval (Ch) on δ<sup>13</sup>C enrichment during a 12-hr chase following an 8-hr incubation with <sup>13</sup>C-labeled rotifers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051448"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS, sum of squares of the effect; NB, Non-bleached; BL, Bleached; 0, 1, 5, and 11, recovery interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "interactive", "inverval", "genotype"], "article_id"=>696135, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_recovery_inverval_R_and_genotype_G_on_15_N_h_and_948_15_N_e_for_all_6_genotypes_/696135", "title"=>"Results of main and interactive effects of temperature (T), recovery inverval (R), and genotype (G) on δ<sup>15</sup>N<sub>h</sub> and δ<sup>15</sup>N<sub>e</sub> for all 6 genotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051449"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS sum of squares of the effect; NB, Non-bleached; BL, Bleached; Endo. = endosymbiont.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "interactive", "enrichment", "12-hr", "8-hr", "incubation"], "article_id"=>696136, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_tissue_fraction_Ti_and_chase_interval_Ch_on_13_C_enrichment_during_a_12_hr_chase_following_an_8_hr_incubation_with_DI_13_C_labeled_seawater_/696136", "title"=>"Results of main and interactive effects of temperature (T), tissue fraction (Ti), and chase interval (Ch) on δ<sup>13</sup>C enrichment during a 12-hr chase following an 8-hr incubation with DI-<sup>13</sup>C-labeled seawater.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051447"], "description"=>"<p>(A) DOC concentrations and (B) δ<sup>13</sup>C-DOC depletion from <sup>13</sup>C-labeled DIC or rotifers in bleached (gray bars) and non-bleached (black bars) <i>Porites lobata</i> corals relative to their respective baseline controls. Each value in A) was standardized using the total surface area of all 6 incubated coral fragments.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>696134, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_DOC_as_a_potential_source_of_fixed_carbon_/696134", "title"=>"DOC as a potential source of fixed carbon.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051442"], "description"=>"<p>Average δ<sup>13</sup>C of the (A) skeletal (δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>s</sub>), (B) host tissue (δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>h</sub>), (C) endosymbiont (δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>e</sub>) fractions, and (D) the difference between δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>h</sub> and δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>e</sub> in <i>Porites lobata</i> at 0, 1, 5, and 11 months of recovery. In D, heterotrophy contributes more to the fixed carbon pool when the difference is <0, while photosynthesis contributes more when the difference is >0. All averages are ±1 SE. Symbols (*) indicate significant difference at p0.05 between non-bleached (•) and bleached (○) within a recovery interval using a posteriori least-squares mean slice tests. Sample sizes for each average ranged from 3 to 6.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>696131, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_13_C_of_the_skeleton_animal_host_and_endosymbiont_/696131", "title"=>"δ<sup>13</sup>C of the skeleton, animal host, and endosymbiont.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051441"], "description"=>"<p>Average (A) Chl <i>a</i> concentrations, (B) lipid concentrations, (C) protein concentrations, (D) carbohydrate concentrations, (E) tissue biomass, and (F) calcification in non-bleached (black bars) and bleached (gray bars) <i>Porites lobata</i> at 0, 1, 5, and 11 months of recovery. Calcification rates were not measured at 5 and 11 month recovery. Averages in A–D are standardized to grams of ash-free dry tissue weight (gdw). All averages are shown ±1 SE. Symbols (*) indicate significant differences at p0.05 between means within a recovery interval by a posteriori least-squares mean slice test. Sample sizes for each average ranged from 3 to 6.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "calcification", "bleaching"], "article_id"=>696130, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chl_a_energy_reserves_tissue_biomass_and_calcification_after_bleaching_and_during_recovery_/696130", "title"=>"Chl <i>a</i>, energy reserves, tissue biomass, and calcification after bleaching and during recovery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051452"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS, sum of squares of the effect; NB, Non-bleached; BL, Bleached; 0, 1, 5, and 11, recovery interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "interactive", "genotype", "chlorophyll", "soluble", "calcification"], "article_id"=>696139, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_recovery_interval_R_and_genotype_G_on_Chlorophyll_a_total_lipids_soluble_proteins_soluble_carbohydrates_tissue_biomass_and_calcification_for_all_6_genotypes_/696139", "title"=>"Results of main and interactive effects of temperature (T), recovery interval (R), and genotype (G) on Chlorophyll <i>a</i>, total lipids, soluble proteins, soluble carbohydrates, tissue biomass, and calcification for all 6 genotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051451"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: df, degrees of freedom; SS sum of squares of the effect; 1, 5, and 11, recovery interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "students", "t-tests", "months", "interactive", "11", "genotype"], "article_id"=>696138, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_A_three_students_t_tests_0_months_recovery_and_B_main_and_interactive_effects_of_temperature_T_recovery_interval_R_1_5_and_11_months_of_recovery_and_genotype_G_for_average_photosynthesis_rate_day_respiration_and_night_respiration_/696138", "title"=>"Results of (A) three students t-tests (0 months recovery) and (B) main and interactive effects of temperature (T), recovery interval (R) (1, 5, and 11 months of recovery), and genotype (G) for average photosynthesis rate, day respiration, and night respiration.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051445"], "description"=>"<p>Average δ<sup>13</sup>C enrichment (±1 SE) of the animal, endosymbiotic algae, and skeleton of (A, C) non-bleached, (B, D) bleached <i>Porites lobata</i> corals during a 12-hr chase following incubation with (A, B) DI<sup>13</sup>C-labeled seawater or (C, D) <sup>13</sup>C-labeled rotifers. Values are given as enrichment relative to natural abundance baseline values. Sample sizes for each average ranged from 5 to 6 at the 4-hr chase interval and ranged between 2 to 3 at the 12-hr chase interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "bleaching", "dic", "rotifer", "uptake", "allocation"], "article_id"=>696133, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_bleaching_on_DIC_and_rotifer_uptake_and_allocation_in_P_lobata_/696133", "title"=>"Effects of bleaching on DIC and rotifer uptake and allocation in <i>P.</i><i>lobata</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051443"], "description"=>"<p>Average stable nitrogen isotopic (δ<sup>15</sup>N) values for (A) the host tissue (δ<sup>15</sup>N<sub>h</sub>) and (B) endosymbiont (δ<sup>15</sup>N<sub>s</sub>) fractions for <i>Porites lobata</i> at 0, 1, 5, and 11 months of recovery. All averages are ±1 SE. Symbols (*) indicate significant difference at p0.05 between non- bleached (•) and bleached (○) fragments within a recovery interval using a posteriori least-squares mean slice tests. Sample sizes for each average ranged from 3 to 6.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences"], "article_id"=>696132, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_15_N_of_the_animal_host_and_endosymbiont_/696132", "title"=>"δ<sup>15</sup>N of the animal host and endosymbiont.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1051439"], "description"=>"<p>Average (A) photosynthesis rate, (B) day respiration rate, and (C) night respiration rate in non-bleached (black bars) and bleached (gray bars) <i>Porites lobata</i> at 0, 1, 5, and 11 months of recovery. Averages for 0 months recovery are standardized to grams of ash-free dry tissue weight (gdw) and are shown ±1 SE from Rodrigues (2006). All other averages are from this study and are reported relative to surface area. Symbols (*) indicate significant differences at p0.05 between means within a recovery interval by a posteriori least-squares mean slice test. Sample sizes for each average were 3.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "Plant biochemistry", "photosynthesis", "ecology", "Marine ecology", "Coral reefs", "Biogeochemistry", "Marine biology", "corals", "Plant science", "marine and aquatic sciences", "respiration", "rates", "bleaching"], "article_id"=>696129, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephen J. Levas", "Andréa G. Grottoli", "Adam Hughes", "Christopher L. Osburn", "Yohei Matsui"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063267.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photosynthesis_and_respiration_rates_after_bleaching_and_during_recovery_/696129", "title"=>"Photosynthesis and respiration rates after bleaching and during recovery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-05-02 01:42:09"}

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