Fibrous Dysplasia in a 120,000+ Year Old Neandertal from Krapina, Croatia
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{"title"=>"Fibrous Dysplasia in a 120,000+ Year Old Neandertal from Krapina, Croatia", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Janet", "last_name"=>"Monge", "scopus_author_id"=>"14050754300"}, {"first_name"=>"Morrie", "last_name"=>"Kricun", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701385578"}, {"first_name"=>"Jakov", "last_name"=>"Radovčić", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507687978"}, {"first_name"=>"Davorka", "last_name"=>"Radovčić", "scopus_author_id"=>"56003057800"}, {"first_name"=>"Alan", "last_name"=>"Mann", "scopus_author_id"=>"55704794500"}, {"first_name"=>"David W.", "last_name"=>"Frayer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006490063"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"369075545", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0064539", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84878760153", "pmid"=>"23755126", "sgr"=>"84878760153"}, "id"=>"ccfb45bc-8186-3d0b-9568-2085586250d1", "abstract"=>"We describe the first definitive case of a fibrous dysplastic neoplasm in a Neandertal rib (120.71) from the site of Krapina in present-day Croatia. The tumor predates other evidence for these kinds of tumor by well over 100,000 years. Tumors of any sort are a rare occurrence in recent archaeological periods or in living primates, but especially in the human fossil record. Several studies have surveyed bone diseases in past human populations and living primates and fibrous dysplasias occur in a low incidence. Within the class of bone tumors of the rib, fibrous dysplasia is present in living humans at a higher frequency than other bone tumors. The bony features leading to our diagnosis are described in detail. In living humans effects of the neoplasm present a broad spectrum of symptoms, from asymptomatic to debilitating. Given the incomplete nature of this rib and the lack of associated skeletal elements, we resist commenting on the health effects the tumor had on the individual. Yet, the occurrence of this neoplasm shows that at least one Neandertal suffered a common bone tumor found in modern humans.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fibrous-dysplasia-120000-year-old-neandertal-krapina-croatia", "reader_count"=>53, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Arts and Humanities"=>7, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>8, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Belgium"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "Croatia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1075064"], "description"=>"<p>Four slices are illustrated here showing the changing architectural detail of the internal tumor compartment. Loculations and vertical septations are clearly visible on each slice. Radiodense particles represent areas of adhering soil matrix that were part of the sedimentary environment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Diagnostic medicine", "oncology", "Cancer detection and diagnosis", "Cancers and neoplasms", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "anthropology", "Biological anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "scanned", "20", "micron", "intervals", "axis", "curved", "producing", "495"], "article_id"=>712200, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Janet Monge", "Morrie Kricun", "Jakov Radovčić", "Davorka Radovčić", "Alan Mann", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Krapina_120_71_was_181_CT_scanned_at_20_micron_intervals_voxel_size_20_microns_across_the_long_axis_of_the_curved_bone_producing_495_individual_images_/712200", "title"=>"Krapina 120.71 was µ-CT scanned at 20 micron intervals (voxel size, 20 microns) across the long axis of the curved bone producing 495 individual images.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-05 00:36:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1075058"], "description"=>"<p>The large lesion is located above the tubercular facet and extends laterally. The trabeculae have been destroyed and the cortex appears expansive. The thin cortical bone forming the superior surface of the cavern was broken away postmortem. (b) Krapina 120.6 shows the normal pattern of bony trabeculae in the medullary space. The surface irregularities are post-mortem.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Diagnostic medicine", "oncology", "Cancer detection and diagnosis", "Cancers and neoplasms", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "anthropology", "Biological anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "caudal"], "article_id"=>712194, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Janet Monge", "Morrie Kricun", "Jakov Radovčić", "Davorka Radovčić", "Alan Mann", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Krapina_120_71_in_a_caudal_view_a_/712194", "title"=>"Krapina 120.71 in a caudal view (a).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-05 00:36:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1075060"], "description"=>"<p>Two views of Krapina 120.71 rib fragment: a: Superior/inferior radiograph view of Krapina 120.71 in position matching illustration in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539#pone-0064539-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a>; b: Lateral view in position matching the µ-CT scan series in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539#pone-0064539-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>. The radiograph shows the full extent of the bony cavern excavated by the growth of the dysplastic mass. The lesion occupies most of the length of the fragment, but does not extend beyond the medial and distal borders. The full extent of the lesion is visible within this small rib fragment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Diagnostic medicine", "oncology", "Cancer detection and diagnosis", "Cancers and neoplasms", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "anthropology", "Biological anthropology", "Paleoanthropology"], "article_id"=>712196, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Janet Monge", "Morrie Kricun", "Jakov Radovčić", "Davorka Radovčić", "Alan Mann", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Radiograph_of_120_71_/712196", "title"=>"Radiograph of 120.71.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-05 00:36:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1075066"], "description"=>"<div><p>We describe the first definitive case of a fibrous dysplastic neoplasm in a Neandertal rib (120.71) from the site of Krapina in present-day Croatia. The tumor predates other evidence for these kinds of tumor by well over 100,000 years. Tumors of any sort are a rare occurrence in recent archaeological periods or in living primates, but especially in the human fossil record. Several studies have surveyed bone diseases in past human populations and living primates and fibrous dysplasias occur in a low incidence. Within the class of bone tumors of the rib, fibrous dysplasia is present in living humans at a higher frequency than other bone tumors. The bony features leading to our diagnosis are described in detail. In living humans effects of the neoplasm present a broad spectrum of symptoms, from asymptomatic to debilitating. Given the incomplete nature of this rib and the lack of associated skeletal elements, we resist commenting on the health effects the tumor had on the individual. Yet, the occurrence of this neoplasm shows that at least one Neandertal suffered a common bone tumor found in modern humans.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Diagnostic medicine", "oncology", "Cancer detection and diagnosis", "Cancers and neoplasms", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "anthropology", "Biological anthropology", "Paleoanthropology", "dysplasia", "neandertal"], "article_id"=>712202, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Janet Monge", "Morrie Kricun", "Jakov Radovčić", "Davorka Radovčić", "Alan Mann", "David W. Frayer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064539", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fibrous_Dysplasia_in_a_120_000_Year_Old_Neandertal_from_Krapina_Croatia_/712202", "title"=>"Fibrous Dysplasia in a 120,000+ Year Old Neandertal from Krapina, Croatia", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-05 00:36:42"}

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Relative Metric

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