Dispositional Mindfulness Co-Varies with Smaller Amygdala and Caudate Volumes in Community Adults
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{"title"=>"Dispositional Mindfulness Co-Varies with Smaller Amygdala and Caudate Volumes in Community Adults", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Adrienne A.", "last_name"=>"Taren", "scopus_author_id"=>"35103591700"}, {"first_name"=>"J. David", "last_name"=>"Creswell", "scopus_author_id"=>"9941300800"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter J.", "last_name"=>"Gianaros", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602623596"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84878050393", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0064574", "pui"=>"368973531", "pmid"=>"23717632", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84878050393", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"19326203 (ISSN)"}, "id"=>"156eda9c-5260-3c4e-85e8-7167890680de", "abstract"=>"Mindfulness, a psychological process reflecting attention and awareness to what is happening in the present moment, has been associated with increased well-being and decreased depression and anxiety in both healthy and patient populations. However, little research has explored underlying neural pathways. Recent work suggests that mindfulness (and mindfulness training interventions) may foster neuroplastic changes in cortico-limbic circuits responsible for stress and emotion regulation. Building on this work, we hypothesized that higher levels of dispositional mindfulness would be associated with decreased grey matter volume in the amgydala. In the present study, a self-report measure of dispositional mindfulness and structural MRI images were obtained from 155 healthy community adults. Volumetric analyses showed that higher dispositional mindfulness is associated with decreased grey matter volume in the right amygdala, and exploratory analyses revealed that higher dispositional mindfulness is also associated with decreased grey matter volume in the left caudate. Moreover, secondary analyses indicate that these amygdala and caudate volume associations persist after controlling for relevant demographic and individual difference factors (i.e., age, total grey matter volume, neuroticism, depression). Such volumetric differences may help explain why mindful individuals have reduced stress reactivity, and suggest new candidate structural neurobiological pathways linking mindfulness with mental and physical health outcomes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dispositional-mindfulness-covaries-smaller-amygdala-caudate-volumes-community-adults", "reader_count"=>161, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>20, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Other"=>15, "Student > Master"=>23, "Student > Bachelor"=>20, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>20, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Other"=>15, "Student > Master"=>23, "Student > Bachelor"=>20, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>3, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>13, "Neuroscience"=>8, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>90, "Social Sciences"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>13}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>90}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>8}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>5, "United Kingdom"=>2, "South Africa"=>1, "Malaysia"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1065994"], "description"=>"<p><i>Notes: MAAS = Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Mental health", "psychology", "neuropsychology", "Psychological stress", "regression", "relating", "dispositional", "mindfulness", "grey"], "article_id"=>705953, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Adrienne A. Taren", "J. David Creswell", "Peter J. Gianaros"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064574.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_regression_analysis_relating_dispositional_mindfulness_Trait_MAAS_and_grey_matter_volumes_/705953", "title"=>"Multiple regression analysis relating dispositional mindfulness (Trait MAAS) and grey matter volumes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-22 01:39:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1065995"], "description"=>"<p><i>Notes: MAAS = Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory, PANAS = Positive and Negative Affect Scale, STAI = State Trait Anxiety Inventory.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Mental health", "psychology", "neuropsychology", "Psychological stress", "correlations", "maas", "psychosocial", "affectivity"], "article_id"=>705954, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Adrienne A. Taren", "J. David Creswell", "Peter J. Gianaros"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064574.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bivariate_correlations_between_MAAS_and_Psychosocial_Affectivity_Measures_/705954", "title"=>"Bivariate correlations between MAAS and Psychosocial Affectivity Measures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-22 01:39:14"}

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Relative Metric

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