Does Size Matter? Scaling of CO2 Emissions and U.S. Urban Areas
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Does Size Matter? Scaling of CO2 Emissions and U.S. Urban Areas", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michail", "last_name"=>"Fragkias", "scopus_author_id"=>"9245976500"}, {"first_name"=>"José", "last_name"=>"Lobo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103061875"}, {"first_name"=>"Deborah", "last_name"=>"Strumsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507932455"}, {"first_name"=>"Karen C.", "last_name"=>"Seto", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202201442"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84878623071", "pui"=>"369060511", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0064727", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84878623071", "pmid"=>"23750213"}, "id"=>"0b1a05a2-c847-387c-998f-9b3949424e18", "abstract"=>"Urban areas consume more than 66% of the world’s energy and generate more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. With the world’s population expected to reach 10 billion by 2100, nearly 90% of whom will live in urban areas, a critical question for planetary sustainability is how the size of cities affects energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Are larger cities more energy and emissions efficient than smaller ones? Do larger cities exhibit gains from economies of scale with regard to emissions? Here we examine the relationship between city size and CO2 emissions for U.S. metropolitan areas using a production accounting allocation of emissions. We find that for the time period of 1999–2008, CO2 emissions scale proportionally with urban population size. Contrary to theoretical expectations, larger cities are not more emissions efficient than smaller ones", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/size-matter-scaling-co2-emissions-urban-areas-4", "reader_count"=>102, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>15, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>30, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>15, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5, "Engineering"=>12, "Environmental Science"=>31, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Design"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>12, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>12}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>31}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>12}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Taiwan"=>1, "Denmark"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84878623071"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84878623071?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84878623071&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84878623071&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84878623071", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84878623071", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84878623071", "dc:title"=>"Does Size Matter? Scaling of CO<inf>2</inf> Emissions and U.S. Urban Areas", "dc:creator"=>"Fragkias M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"6", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-06-04", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"4 June 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0064727", "citedby-count"=>"96", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Boise State University", "affiliation-city"=>"Boise", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23750213", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e64727", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0064727", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"91", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"485"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"230"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"238"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"196"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"344"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"164"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"150"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"139"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"314"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"120", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1190"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"96", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1946"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1042"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"384"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"350"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"387"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"456"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"480"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"387"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"279"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"50", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"75", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1074079"], "description"=>"<p>Cross-sectional log-log regressions for years (A) 1999 and (B) 2008.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "climate change", "geography", "Human geography", "Nature and society interactions", "Settlement patterns", "Political science", "log-log", "regressions", "years", "1999"], "article_id"=>711386, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Chemistry", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Michail Fragkias", "Jose Lobo", "Deborah Strumsky", "Karen C. Seto"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064727.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_sectional_log_log_regressions_for_years_A_1999_and_B_2008_/711386", "title"=>"Cross-sectional log-log regressions for years (A) 1999 and (B) 2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-04 00:23:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1074081"], "description"=>"<p>Ranking of residuals from the scaling regression for year 2008 (MSA observations in red; micropolitan area observations in blue).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "climate change", "geography", "Human geography", "Nature and society interactions", "Settlement patterns", "Political science", "residuals", "scaling", "regression", "2008", "observations", "micropolitan"], "article_id"=>711388, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Chemistry", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Michail Fragkias", "Jose Lobo", "Deborah Strumsky", "Karen C. Seto"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064727.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranking_of_residuals_from_the_scaling_regression_for_year_2008_MSA_observations_in_red_micropolitan_area_observations_in_blue_/711388", "title"=>"Ranking of residuals from the scaling regression for year 2008 (MSA observations in red; micropolitan area observations in blue).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-04 00:23:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1074082"], "description"=>"<p>The 20 most populous MSAs in 2008 ranked by their deviation from the scaling law.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "climate change", "geography", "Human geography", "Nature and society interactions", "Settlement patterns", "Political science", "20", "populous", "msas", "2008", "ranked", "deviation", "scaling"], "article_id"=>711389, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Chemistry", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Michail Fragkias", "Jose Lobo", "Deborah Strumsky", "Karen C. Seto"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064727.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_20_most_populous_MSAs_in_2008_ranked_by_their_deviation_from_the_scaling_law_/711389", "title"=>"The 20 most populous MSAs in 2008 ranked by their deviation from the scaling law.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-04 00:23:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1074083", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1074084"], "description"=>"<div><p>Urban areas consume more than 66% of the world’s energy and generate more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. With the world’s population expected to reach 10 billion by 2100, nearly 90% of whom will live in urban areas, a critical question for planetary sustainability is how the size of cities affects energy use and carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) emissions. Are larger cities more energy and emissions efficient than smaller ones? Do larger cities exhibit gains from economies of scale with regard to emissions? Here we examine the relationship between city size and CO<sub>2</sub> emissions for U.S. metropolitan areas using a production accounting allocation of emissions. We find that for the time period of 1999–2008, CO<sub>2</sub> emissions scale proportionally with urban population size. Contrary to theoretical expectations, larger cities are not more emissions efficient than smaller ones.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["geochemistry", "Carbon cycle", "Atmospheric science", "Climatology", "climate change", "geography", "Human geography", "Nature and society interactions", "Settlement patterns", "Political science", "scaling", "emissions", "areas"], "article_id"=>711390, "categories"=>["Science Policy", "Chemistry", "Sociology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Michail Fragkias", "Jose Lobo", "Deborah Strumsky", "Karen C. Seto", "Emanuele Strano"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064727.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064727.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Does_Size_Matter_Scaling_of_CO_2_Emissions_and_U_S_Urban_Areas/711390", "title"=>"Does Size Matter? Scaling of CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions and U.S. Urban Areas", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-06-04 00:23:10"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Population biology", "average_usage"=>[269, 448, 558, 658, 744, 830, 914, 995, 1068, 1139, 1214, 1284, 1349]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[284, 475, 603, 722, 826, 928, 1026, 1129, 1225, 1310, 1390, 1468, 1549]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecological metrics", "average_usage"=>[281, 448]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[298, 487, 610, 722, 827, 929, 1029, 1125, 1217, 1306, 1388, 1464, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Urban ecology", "average_usage"=>[281, 414]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[254, 440, 558, 675, 785, 883, 972, 1061, 1154, 1248, 1336, 1414, 1489]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Energy and power", "average_usage"=>[293, 499, 629, 792, 977, 1137, 1249, 1409, 1514, 1660, 1795, 1928, 1995]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[254, 431, 547, 651, 748, 842, 932, 1017, 1098, 1178, 1259, 1336, 1404]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[247, 429, 544, 647, 747, 842, 929, 1012, 1099, 1179, 1263, 1339, 1409]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts