Dimensions of Temperament Modulate Cue-Controlled Behavior: A Study on Pavlovian to Instrumental Transfer in Horses (Equus Caballus)
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{"title"=>"Dimensions of Temperament Modulate Cue-Controlled Behavior: A Study on Pavlovian to Instrumental Transfer in Horses (Equus Caballus)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Léa", "last_name"=>"Lansade", "scopus_author_id"=>"23097898300"}, {"first_name"=>"Etienne", "last_name"=>"Coutureau", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602505117"}, {"first_name"=>"Alain", "last_name"=>"Marchand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102136426"}, {"first_name"=>"Gersende", "last_name"=>"Baranger", "scopus_author_id"=>"55765816000"}, {"first_name"=>"Mathilde", "last_name"=>"Valenchon", "scopus_author_id"=>"55658791600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ludovic", "last_name"=>"Calandreau", "scopus_author_id"=>"8722267700"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84879049607", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0064853", "pui"=>"369122573", "pmid"=>"23798994", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879049607", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"f6b908c6-c24d-3e52-8aa6-1a59b1055a2b", "abstract"=>"Pavlovian to instrumental transfer (PIT) is a central factor in how cues influence animal behavior. PIT refers to the capacity of a Pavlovian cue that predicts a reward to elicit or increase a response intended to obtain the same reward. In the present study, using an equine model, we assessed whether PIT occurs in hoofed domestic animals and whether its efficacy can be modulated by temperamental dimensions. To study PIT, horses were submitted to Pavlovian conditioning whereby an auditory-visual stimulus was repeatedly followed by food delivery. Then, horses were submitted to instrumental conditioning during which they learned to touch with their noses an object signaled by the experimenter in order to obtain the same reward. During the PIT test, the Pavlovian conditioned stimulus was presented to the animal in the absence of reward. At the end of the experiment, a battery of behavioral tests was performed on all animals to assess five temperamental dimensions and investigate their relationships with instrumental performance. The results indicate that PIT can be observed in horses and that its efficacy is greatly modulated by individual temperament. Indeed, individuals with a specific pattern of temperamental dimensions (i.e., higher levels of gregariousness, fearfulness, and sensory sensitivity) exhibited the strongest PIT. The demonstration of the existence of PIT in domesticated animals (i.e., horses) is important for the optimization of its use by humans and the improvement of training methods. Moreover, because PIT may be implicated in psychological phenomena, including addictive behaviors, the observation of relationships between specific temperamental dimensions and PIT efficacy may aid in identifying predisposing temperamental attributes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dimensions-temperament-modulate-cuecontrolled-behavior-study-pavlovian-instrumental-transfer-horses", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Psychology"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>10}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Poland"=>1, "South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1088775"], "description"=>"<p>Arena used for the temperament tests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal behavior", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Learning and memory", "Zoology", "psychology", "behavior", "personality", "Animal types", "Large animals", "temperament"], "article_id"=>721553, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Léa Lansade", "Etienne Coutureau", "Alain Marchand", "Gersende Baranger", "Mathilde Valenchon", "Ludovic Calandreau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064853.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Arena_used_for_the_temperament_tests_/721553", "title"=>"Arena used for the temperament tests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-14 00:25:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1088777"], "description"=>"<p>S1–S4: first 4 acquisition sessions (30 trials per session). The grey bar refers to the session during which the animals reached the criterion (touching the cone in ≤15 s during 14 out of 15 consecutive trials). Depending on the individual, this session corresponds to the 1<sup>st</sup>–6<sup>th</sup> acquisition sessions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal behavior", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Learning and memory", "Zoology", "psychology", "behavior", "personality", "Animal types", "Large animals", "instrumental", "responding"], "article_id"=>721555, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Léa Lansade", "Etienne Coutureau", "Alain Marchand", "Gersende Baranger", "Mathilde Valenchon", "Ludovic Calandreau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064853.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Acquisition_of_instrumental_responding_in_horses_/721555", "title"=>"Acquisition of instrumental responding in horses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-14 00:25:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1088778"], "description"=>"<p>Left: Number of correct responses (out of 5) during the 3 presentations of the CS (CS1–CS3, in grey) as compared to the corresponding number during their respective intertrial intervals (ITI1–ITI3, in white). Right: Sum of the correct responses exhibited during the 3 ITI and 3 CS periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal behavior", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Learning and memory", "Zoology", "psychology", "behavior", "personality", "Animal types", "Large animals", "instrumental"], "article_id"=>721556, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Léa Lansade", "Etienne Coutureau", "Alain Marchand", "Gersende Baranger", "Mathilde Valenchon", "Ludovic Calandreau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064853.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pavlovian_to_instrumental_transfer_in_horses_/721556", "title"=>"Pavlovian to instrumental transfer in horses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-14 00:25:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1088780"], "description"=>"<p>“Low performers”: individuals who performed the fewest correct responses during the first four acquisition sessions (N = 9). “High performers”: individuals who performed the most correct responses during the first four acquisition sessions (N = 10).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal behavior", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Learning and memory", "Zoology", "psychology", "behavior", "personality", "Animal types", "Large animals", "temperament"], "article_id"=>721558, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Léa Lansade", "Etienne Coutureau", "Alain Marchand", "Gersende Baranger", "Mathilde Valenchon", "Ludovic Calandreau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064853.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_in_temperament_between_the_8220_low_performers_8221_and_8220_high_performers_8221_during_acquisition_/721558", "title"=>"Differences in temperament between the “low performers” and “high performers” during acquisition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-14 00:25:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1088781"], "description"=>"<p>“Low responders”: individuals who performed the fewest correct responses during CS presentation (N = 9). “High responders”: individuals who performed the most correct responses during CS presentation (N = 10).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Animal management", "Animal behavior", "neuroscience", "Animal cognition", "Learning and memory", "Zoology", "psychology", "behavior", "personality", "Animal types", "Large animals", "temperament", "pavlovian", "instrumental"], "article_id"=>721559, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Léa Lansade", "Etienne Coutureau", "Alain Marchand", "Gersende Baranger", "Mathilde Valenchon", "Ludovic Calandreau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064853.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_in_temperament_between_the_8220_low_responders_8221_and_8220_high_responders_8221_during_Pavlovian_to_instrumental_transfer_/721559", "title"=>"Differences in temperament between the “low responders” and “high responders” during Pavlovian to instrumental transfer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-14 00:25:59"}

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Relative Metric

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