Vergence and Standing Balance in Subjects with Idiopathic Bilateral Loss of Vestibular Function
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{"title"=>"Vergence and Standing Balance in Subjects with Idiopathic Bilateral Loss of Vestibular Function", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Zoï", "last_name"=>"Kapoula", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003732501"}, {"first_name"=>"Chrystal", "last_name"=>"Gaertner", "scopus_author_id"=>"55447247900"}, {"first_name"=>"Qing", "last_name"=>"Yang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196223196"}, {"first_name"=>"Pierre", "last_name"=>"Denise", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004211438"}, {"first_name"=>"Michel", "last_name"=>"Toupet", "scopus_author_id"=>"56324412300"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23825551", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0066652", "pui"=>"369142400", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84879190616", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879190616"}, "id"=>"6bef6f2e-1717-3012-941d-b37dda40d60c", "abstract"=>"There is a natural symbiosis between vergence and vestibular responses. Deficits in vergence can lead to vertigo, disequilibrium, and postural instability. This study examines both vergence eye movements in patients with idiopathic bilateral vestibular loss, and their standing balance in relation to vergence. Eleven patients participated in the study and 16 controls. Bilateral loss of vestibular function was objectified with many tests; only patients without significant response to caloric tests, to video head impulse tests and without vestibular evoked myogenic potentials were included in the study.\\n\\nVERGENCE TESTING FROM 8 PATIENTS AND 15 CONTROLS: A LED display with targets at 20, 40, and 100 cm along the median plane was used to elicit vergence eye movements, recorded with the IRIS device.\\n\\nSTANDING BALANCE 11 PATIENTS AND 16 CONTROLS: Four conditions were run, each lasting 1 min: fixation of a LED at 40 cm (convergence of 9°), at 150 cm (convergence of 2.3°); this last condition was repeated with eyes closed. Comparison of the eyes closed-eyes open conditions at 150 cm allowed evaluation of the Romberg Quotient. In the forth condition, two LEDS, at 20 and at 100 cm, were light on, one after the other for 1 sec, causing the eyes to converge then diverge. Standing balance was recorded with an accelerometer placed at the back near the center of mass (McRoberts, Dynaport).\\n\\nRESULTS: \\n\\nVERGENCE: Relative to controls, convergence eye movements in patients showed significantly lower accuracy, lower mean velocity, and saccade intrusions of significantly higher amplitude.\\n\\nBALANCE: The normalized 90% area of body sway was significantly higher for patients than for controls for all conditions. Yet, similarly to controls, postural stability was better while fixating at near (sustained convergence) than at far, or while making active vergence movements. We argue that vestibular loss deteriorates convergence, but even deficient, convergence can be helpful for postural control.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/vergence-standing-balance-subjects-idiopathic-bilateral-loss-vestibular-function", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"France"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092526"], "description"=>"<p>Traces in each panel show the head velocity (blue and orange) and eye velocity (green); data for stimulation of lateral, anterior and posterior left canals are shown on the left and the data for lateral, posterior and anterior right canals are shown on the right. The eye traces indicate very low gain relative to the head signal and multiple catch up saccades. The average mean gain and standard deviation are shown in each panel.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "patients", "vestibular"], "article_id"=>724724, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_patients_Vestibular_Head_Impulse_Test_VHIT_/724724", "title"=>"Example of patients Vestibular Head Impulse Test (VHIT).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092528"], "description"=>"<p>The plate of the LEDs was placed at eye level. (B) Paradigm used for the stimulation: the initial fixation LED (always at 40 cm, vergence angle 8.6°) stayed on for a random period of time between 1.5 and 2 s; then the fixation LED was switched off and the target LED was switched on simultaneously. The target LED remained on for 1.5 sec. A black period of 500 ms followed before the next trial. The target LED could be either at 20 cm (requiring an increase of convergence angle from 8.6° to of 17.1°, or at 100 cm, requiring a decrease of convergence angle from 8.6° to 3.4°, i.e. a divergence movement)</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "vergence", "leds", "aligned", "median", "40", "100"], "article_id"=>724726, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_arrangement_for_vergence_A_three_LEDS_aligned_along_the_median_plane_of_the_subject_at_20_40_and_100_cm_/724726", "title"=>"Spatial arrangement for vergence (A): three LEDS aligned along the median plane of the subject: at 20, 40 and 100 cm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092529"], "description"=>"<p>Markers ‘<i>I</i>’ and ‘<i>e</i>’ indicate the onset and the offset of vergence eye movement based on the criterion of 5°/s velocity threshold (see Methods)</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "convergence"], "article_id"=>724727, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Typical_recording_of_convergence_eye_movement_/724727", "title"=>"Typical recording of convergence eye movement.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092530"], "description"=>"<p>Movements from the patients are variable, highly hypometric, slow and not smooth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "convergence", "traces", "controls", "patients", "studied", "surimposed", "onset", "horizontal", "indicates"], "article_id"=>724728, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_convergence_traces_from_a_healthy_subject_A_and_from_a_patient_B_and_of_convergence_traces_for_all_the_controls_C_and_all_the_patients_studied_D_traces_are_surimposed_in_time_target_onset_was_at_time_zero_the_horizontal_line_indicates_the_con/724728", "title"=>"Examples of convergence traces from a healthy subject (A) and from a patient (B) and of convergence traces for all the controls (C) and all the patients studied (D): traces are surimposed in time, target onset was at time zero; the horizontal line indicates the convergence required by the target.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092532"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars indicate standard errors of the means. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between patients and controls that occur specifically for convergence</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "convergence", "divergence", "movements", "controls", "amplitude", "saccade", "intrusions", "vergence", "conjugate"], "article_id"=>724730, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Group_mean_values_for_different_parameters_of_convergence_and_divergence_movements_in_controls_and_in_patients_A_latency_B_gain_i_e_movement_amplitude_target_requirement_C_mean_velocity_i_e_amplitude_duration_D_amplitude_of_saccade_intrusions_during_verg/724730", "title"=>"Group mean values for different parameters of convergence and divergence movements in controls and in patients: (A) latency, (B) gain i.e. movement amplitude/target requirement, (C) mean velocity, i.e. amplitude/duration, (D) amplitude of saccade intrusions during vergence movements, i.e., conjugate components.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092534"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical bars are standard errors. For the majority of parameters QR are higher in patients than in controls, but also highly variable,; the results suggest that with eye closed postural stability is more perturbed in patients relative to eyes open.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "groups", "quotient", "postural", "eyes", "indicated"], "article_id"=>724732, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_groups_mean_Quotient_of_Romberg_i_e_the_ratio_of_postural_value_in_eyes_closed_versus_eye_open_condition_for_each_of_the_postural_parameters_indicated_on_the_X_axis_/724732", "title"=>"The groups mean Quotient of Romberg, i.e., the ratio of postural value in eyes closed versus eye open condition for each of the postural parameters indicated on the X axis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1092535"], "description"=>"<p>All these parameters, grouped over all tested conditions are statistically different between controls and patients (see asterisks). (D) Group mean values together with standard errors (vertical bars) for the three conditions, sustained fixation at near, at far, active vergence eye movements. Results from patients and controls are grouped. Fixating at far is associated with significantly higher instability with respect to each of the other two conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Ocular system", "neuroscience", "Sensory systems", "Auditory system", "Visual system", "Behavioral neuroscience", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Clinical research design", "Case-control studies", "otorhinolaryngology", "Otology", "vertigo", "postural", "errors", "patients", "normalized", "rms", "medio-lateral"], "article_id"=>724733, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Zoi Kapoula", "Chrystal Gaertner", "Qing Yang", "Pierre Denise", "Michel Toupet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066652.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Group_mean_values_of_postural_parameters_together_with_standard_errors_in_patients_and_controls_A_normalized_surface_area_B_RMS_of_medio_lateral_body_sway_C_mean_power_frequency_/724733", "title"=>"Group mean values of postural parameters together with standard errors in patients and controls: (A) normalized surface area, (B) RMS of medio-lateral body sway, (C) mean power frequency.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:18:53"}

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Relative Metric

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