Lineage Selection and the Maintenance of Sex
Publication Date
June 18, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Damien M. De Vienne, Tatiana Giraud & Pierre Henri Gouyon
Volume
8
Issue
6
Pages
e66906
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0066906
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23825582
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3688966
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23825582
Web of Science
000320576400167
Scopus
84879158087
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/lineage-selection-maintenance-sex
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Lineage Selection and the Maintenance of Sex", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Damien M.", "last_name"=>"de Vienne", "scopus_author_id"=>"23017827600"}, {"first_name"=>"Tatiana", "last_name"=>"Giraud", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003726807"}, {"first_name"=>"Pierre Henri", "last_name"=>"Gouyon", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003404953"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879158087", "pmid"=>"23825582", "sgr"=>"84879158087", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0066906", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369142457"}, "id"=>"53880226-4904-3cda-871b-c16a0f96d8a2", "abstract"=>"Sex predominates in eukaryotes, despite its short-term disadvantage when compared to asexuality. Myriad models have suggested that short-term advantages of sex may be sufficient to counterbalance its twofold costs. However, despite decades of experimental work seeking such evidence, no evolutionary mechanism has yet achieved broad recognition as explanation for the maintenance of sex. We explore here, through lineage-selection models, the conditions favouring the maintenance of sex. In the first model, we allowed the rate of transition to asexuality to evolve, to determine whether lineage selection favoured species with the strongest constraints preventing the loss of sex. In the second model, we simulated more explicitly the mechanisms underlying the higher extinction rates of asexual lineages than of their sexual counterparts. We linked extinction rates to the ecological and/ or genetic features of lineages, thereby providing a formalisation of the only figure included in Darwin's \"The origin of species\". Our results reinforce the view that the long-term advantages of sex and lineage selection may provide the most satisfactory explanations for the maintenance of sex in eukaryotes, which is still poorly recognized, and provide figures and a simulation website for training and educational purposes. Short-term benefits may play a role, but it is also essential to take into account the selection of lineages for a thorough understanding of the maintenance of sex.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/lineage-selection-maintenance-sex", "reader_count"=>53, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>2, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>3, "France"=>2, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091307"], "description"=>"<p>Black lines represent sexual forms and red lines represent asexual forms. Extinct lineages are not represented. The tree with a star (*) in <b>a</b> is the same as the tree with a star (*) in <b>b</b> (same set of parameters).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "asexual", "lineages", "formed"], "article_id"=>723808, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_the_initial_transition_rate_a_and_of_the_rate_of_change_in_transition_rate_b_on_the_sexual_and_asexual_lineages_formed_during_simulations_for_the_model_with_competition_/723808", "title"=>"Effect of the initial transition rate (a) and of the rate of change in transition rate (b) on the sexual and asexual lineages formed during simulations, for the model with competition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091305"], "description"=>"<p><b>a</b>. Effect of increasing the difference in the rate of extinction between asexual and sexual lineages (controlled by the α parameter, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906#pone-0066906-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>; x-axis) on the proportion of sexual lineages at the end of simulations. The vertical bars indicate the standard deviation around the mean. The parameters used are as follows: Extinction rate of sexual lineages: <i>e<sub>S</sub></i>  = 0.002; Speciation rate of sexual lineages: <i>p<sub>S</sub></i>  = 0.004; initial transition rate: <i>u<sub>init</sub></i>  = 10<sup>−3</sup>; Rate of change in the rate of transition: <i>σ<sub>u</sub></i>  = 10<sup>−5</sup>. <b>b</b>. Changes in transition rate over 3000 generations. Mean and SD were calculated for 50 repetitions for the same set of parameters as in <b>a</b>. and with α = 10.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "lineages", "simulations"], "article_id"=>723806, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_different_parameters_on_the_proportion_of_sexual_lineages_at_the_end_of_simulations_a_and_the_evolution_of_the_transition_rate_of_sexual_b_for_the_model_without_competition_/723806", "title"=>"Effect of different parameters on the proportion of sexual lineages at the end of simulations (a) and the evolution of the transition rate of sexual (b) for the model without competition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091301"], "description"=>"<p>Plots <b>a</b> and <b>b</b> differ by the value of <i>α</i>, a parameter that controls the difference between sexual and asexual lineages in terms of extinction rate (asexual lineages have an extinction probability α-times greater than that of sexual lineages). <i>α</i> = 2 in <b>a</b> and <i>α</i> = 5 in <b>b</b>. The shading represents the mean proportion of sexual lineages at the end of the runs (after 3000 generations, 50 repetitions). Cells with crosses (×) represent cases in which all simulations ended prematurely.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "lineages", "simulations", "x-axis", "extinction", "y-axis"], "article_id"=>723802, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_sexual_lineages_at_the_end_of_simulations_for_the_model_without_competition_for_different_values_of_the_initial_transition_rate_u_init_rows_the_rate_of_change_of_this_transition_rate_u_columns_the_speciation_rate_of_sexual_p_S_x_axis_on_eac/723802", "title"=>"Proportion of sexual lineages at the end of simulations for the model without competition, for different values of the initial transition rate (<i>u<sub>init</sub></i>, rows), the rate of change of this transition rate (<i>σ<sub>u</sub></i>, columns), the speciation rate of sexual (<i>p<sub>S</sub></i>, x-axis on each plot) and the extinction rate of sexual (<i>e<sub>S</sub></i>, y-axis on each plot).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091314"], "description"=>"<p>List and description of the parameters used in the two models.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution"], "article_id"=>723815, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_and_description_of_the_parameters_used_in_the_two_models_/723815", "title"=>"List and description of the parameters used in the two models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091309"], "description"=>"<p>The circles represent the probability of transition from sexuality to asexuality. Black and grey lines represent sexual forms, and red lines represent asexual forms. Lineages without circles can no longer lose sex. After 100 generations, the lineages present are all sexual and have lost the ability to become asexual; all the asexual lineages have become extinct.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "lineage", "favouring", "lineages"], "article_id"=>723810, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_lineage_selection_favouring_sexual_lineages_with_the_model_with_competition_/723810", "title"=>"Illustration of lineage selection favouring sexual lineages with the model with competition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091299"], "description"=>"<p><b>a</b>: Model without competition. <i>p<sub>S</sub></i> and <i>p<sub>A</sub></i> are the speciation probabilities of sexual and asexual lineages, respectively, <i>e<sub>S</sub></i> and <i>e<sub>A</sub></i> are extinction probabilities for sexual and asexual lineages, respectively, and <i>u<sub>S</sub></i> is the probability of transition from sexual to asexual states. While <i>p<sub>S</sub></i>, <i>p<sub>A</sub></i>, <i>e<sub>S</sub></i> and <i>e<sub>A</sub></i> are fixed over generations, the transition rate <i>uS</i> can evolve. <b>b</b>: Model with competition. The parameters are explained on the figure. For the two models, all simulations start with a single sexual lineage.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "developed", "exploring"], "article_id"=>723800, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_representation_of_the_models_developed_here_for_exploring_the_maintenance_of_sexual_reproduction_/723800", "title"=>"Schematic representation of the models developed here for exploring the maintenance of sexual reproduction.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1091312"], "description"=>"<p>Heatmaps showing the mean proportion (top panel) and mean number (bottom panel) of sexual lineages at the end of simulations (500 generations) over 10 repetitions, for various values of initial transition rate (<i>u<sub>init</sub></i>), rate of change in the transition rate (<i>σ<sub>u</sub></i>) and the “exploratory ability” of asexuals on the horizontal axis (<i>σ<sub>A</sub></i>). <i>σ<sub>S</sub></i> is fixed at 100.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Evolutionary modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "adaptation", "natural selection", "speciation", "Species extinction", "Animal behavior", "Behavioral ecology", "evolutionary theory", "Forms of evolution", "lineages", "simulations", "10", "asexuals", "horizontal", "axis"], "article_id"=>723813, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Damien M. de Vienne", "Tatiana Giraud", "Pierre-Henri Gouyon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heatmaps_showing_the_mean_proportion_top_panel_and_mean_number_bottom_panel_of_sexual_lineages_at_the_end_of_simulations_500_generations_over_10_repetitions_for_various_values_of_initial_transition_rate_u_init_rate_of_change_in_the_transition_rate_u_and_/723813", "title"=>"Heatmaps showing the mean proportion (top panel) and mean number (bottom panel) of sexual lineages at the end of simulations (500 generations) over 10 repetitions, for various values of initial transition rate (<i>u<sub>init</sub></i>), rate of change in the transition rate (<i>σ<sub>u</sub></i>) and the “exploratory ability” of asexuals on the horizontal axis (<i>σ<sub>A</sub></i>). <i>σ<sub>S</sub></i> is fixed at 100.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-18 01:03:33"}

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Relative Metric

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