Race, Ideology, and the Tea Party: A Longitudinal Study
Publication Date
June 25, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Eric D. Knowles, Brian S. Lowery, Elizabeth P. Shulman & Rebecca L. Schaumberg
Volume
8
Issue
6
Pages
e67110
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0067110
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23825630
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3692430
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23825630
Web of Science
000321223000080
Scopus
84879361072
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/race-ideology-tea-party-longitudinal-study
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100548"], "description"=>"<p>Covariance Paths in the Final Model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "paths"], "article_id"=>731093, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Covariance_Paths_in_the_Final_Model_/731093", "title"=>"Covariance Paths in the Final Model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100547"], "description"=>"<p><i>Left panel:</i> Change in Tea Party support as a function of Time 1 values of racial and ideology measures. <i>Right panel:</i> Racial and ideology measures as a function of Tea Party identification at Time 1. TPID = Tea Party identification, PREJ = prejudice, RID = racial identification, LIB = libertarian ideology, SOCCON = social conservatism, SDO = Social Dominance Orientation, NATDEC = belief in national decline. Values represent standardized regression estimates. <sup>+</sup><i>p</i><.10, *<i>p</i><.05, **<i>p</i><.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research"], "article_id"=>731092, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_model_results_/731092", "title"=>"Summary of model results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100550"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i><sup>+</sup><i>p</i><.10. *<i>p</i><.05. **<i>p</i><.01. ***<i>p</i><.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "deviations", "associations", "variables"], "article_id"=>731095, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_and_Standard_Deviations_of_and_Associations_Between_Variables_Assessed_at_Time_1_/731095", "title"=>"Means and Standard Deviations of, and Associations Between, Variables Assessed at Time 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100551"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans’ self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification), and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism) over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM) was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites’ assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the “racializing” power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "longitudinal"], "article_id"=>731096, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Race_Ideology_and_the_Tea_Party_A_Longitudinal_Study_/731096", "title"=>"Race, Ideology, and the Tea Party: A Longitudinal Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100549"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i><sup>+</sup><i>p</i><.10, <sup>*</sup><i>p</i><.05, <sup>**</sup><i>p</i><.01, <sup>***</sup><i>p</i><.001. TPID = Tea Party identification, PREJ = racial prejudice, RID = racial identity, LIB = Libertarianism, SOCCON = social conservatism, SDO = Social Dominance Orientation, NATDEC = belief in national decline. An ‘I’ following the abbreviation indicates a latent intercept. Residual variances marked with ‘<i>a</i>’ were constrained to 0 to enable model convergence.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research", "residual", "variances"], "article_id"=>731094, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regression_Paths_Residual_Means_and_Residual_Variances_for_the_Final_Model_/731094", "title"=>"Regression Paths, Residual Means, and Residual Variances for the Final Model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1100545"], "description"=>"<p>This simplified version of the final model describes the model parameters; for purposes of clarity, only two variables–racial prejudice (PREJ) and racial identity (RID)–are included to represent the six political variables modeled alongside Tea Party identification (TPID). Subscripts t1, t2, and t3 signify the three time points. Double-headed arrows represent covariance or variance parameters. Single-headed arrows represent regression paths. Variances marked with the same letter were constrained to equality. Bolded arrows highlight the paths that test the study hypotheses. All parameters estimated in the model are represented except for the regression of each intercept term on each control variable (age, sex, and education). The variances of the latent slope terms for TPID, PREJ, and RID were fixed at zero, whereas those for the other political variables (not shown) were estimated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Longitudinal studies", "Political science", "governments", "United States Government", "Democracy", "elections", "political theory", "psychology", "Applied psychology", "propaganda", "Experimental psychology", "Social psychology", "Sociology", "Social discrimination", "Racial discrimination", "Social prejudice", "Social research"], "article_id"=>731090, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Eric D. Knowles", "Brian S. Lowery", "Elizabeth P. Shulman", "Rebecca L. Schaumberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067110.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simplified_illustration_of_the_final_model_/731090", "title"=>"Simplified illustration of the final model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-25 02:28:31"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Political science", "average_usage"=>[421, 740, 912, 1049, 1166, 1307, 1424, 1535, 1682, 1829, 1942, 2049, 2090]}]}
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