Integration of Motion Responses Underlying Directional Motion Anisotropy in Human Early Visual Cortical Areas
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{"title"=>"Integration of Motion Responses Underlying Directional Motion Anisotropy in Human Early Visual Cortical Areas", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Wouter", "last_name"=>"Schellekens", "scopus_author_id"=>"55777730200"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard J.A.", "last_name"=>"Van Wezel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603863756"}, {"first_name"=>"Natalia", "last_name"=>"Petridou", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506092100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nick F.", "last_name"=>"Ramsey", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004576177"}, {"first_name"=>"Mathijs", "last_name"=>"Raemaekers", "scopus_author_id"=>"55918974700"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0067468", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84879509414", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879509414", "pui"=>"369209054", "pmid"=>"23840711"}, "id"=>"81e7e93d-e7ee-3c99-ac91-080678624d78", "abstract"=>"Recent imaging studies have reported directional motion biases in human visual cortex when perceiving moving random dot patterns. It has been hypothesized that these biases occur as a result of the integration of motion detector activation along the path of motion in visual cortex. In this study we investigate the nature of such motion integration with functional MRI (fMRI) using different motion stimuli. Three types of moving random dot stimuli were presented, showing either coherent motion, motion with spatial decorrelations or motion with temporal decorrelations. The results from the coherent motion stimulus reproduced the centripetal and centrifugal directional motion biases in V1, V2 and V3 as previously reported. The temporally decorrelated motion stimulus resulted in both centripetal and centrifugal biases similar to coherent motion. In contrast, the spatially decorrelated motion stimulus resulted in small directional motion biases that were only present in parts of visual cortex coding for higher eccentricities of the visual field. In combination with previous results, these findings indicate that biased motion responses in early visual cortical areas most likely depend on the spatial integration of a simultaneously activated motion detector chain.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/integration-motion-responses-underlying-directional-motion-anisotropy-human-early-visual-cortical-ar", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105594"], "description"=>"<p>The behavior of a single dot in timeframes of 500 ms is shown. The occluding bars are denoted by dashed lines, which were not visible during the actual experiments. Coherent motion (A): the dot moves in a straight line. Spatial decorrelation (B): dot moves in a straight line until an occluder, where it is randomly repositioned alongside the other end of the occluder. Temporal decorrelation (C): dot moves in a straight line and is randomly repositioned within the stimulus every 500 ms.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology", "schematic"], "article_id"=>735026, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simplified_schematic_of_motion_stimuli_/735026", "title"=>"Simplified schematic of motion stimuli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105597"], "description"=>"<p>Results from the polar angle (A) and eccentricity mapping stimuli (B) on a flattened cortical surface representation of the left hemisphere of one subject (JK). The color bars denote the 4 different polar angles (half of the hemifield) and all 5 eccentricities. The separate visual areas are marked by the white lines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology"], "article_id"=>735029, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Retinotopic_mapping_/735029", "title"=>"Retinotopic mapping.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105600"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of BOLD signal change (mean V1, V2, V3) is plotted over time (s) for all three motion experiments (n = 11). Separate eccentricities are plotted in separate graphs from left to right. The separate lines denote the different motion directions. The error bars denote the standard error of the mean across subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology"], "article_id"=>735032, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Signal_change_motion_experiments_/735032", "title"=>"Signal change motion experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105601"], "description"=>"<p>The estimated BOLD amplitude (beta) is plotted over the separate eccentricities (n = 11). The results from the separate visual areas are plotted from left to right. The colored bars denote the different motion directions. Error bars denote the standard error of the mean across subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology"], "article_id"=>735033, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Amplitude_motion_experiments_/735033", "title"=>"Amplitude motion experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105603"], "description"=>"<p>Mean number of surface vertices per polar angle visual field representation, 45° circular angle each, per eccentricity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology", "vertices"], "article_id"=>735035, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_number_of_surface_vertices_per_mapping_segment_/735035", "title"=>"Mean number of surface vertices per mapping segment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105589"], "description"=>"<p>Spatial integration (A) only includes spatial information from activated motion detectors, whereas spatiotemporal integration (B) also includes the temporal component of motion detector activity. This figure only displays integration over 2 motion detectors, aligned with the path of motion. The actual motion integration may well extend beyond 2 motion detectors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology", "schematic"], "article_id"=>735021, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simplified_schematic_of_motion_integration_/735021", "title"=>"Simplified schematic of motion integration.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105606", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105607", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1105608"], "description"=>"<div><p>Recent imaging studies have reported directional motion biases in human visual cortex when perceiving moving random dot patterns. It has been hypothesized that these biases occur as a result of the integration of motion detector activation along the path of motion in visual cortex. In this study we investigate the nature of such motion integration with functional MRI (fMRI) using different motion stimuli. Three types of moving random dot stimuli were presented, showing either coherent motion, motion with spatial decorrelations or motion with temporal decorrelations. The results from the coherent motion stimulus reproduced the centripetal and centrifugal directional motion biases in V1, V2 and V3 as previously reported. The temporally decorrelated motion stimulus resulted in both centripetal and centrifugal biases similar to coherent motion. In contrast, the spatially decorrelated motion stimulus resulted in small directional motion biases that were only present in parts of visual cortex coding for higher eccentricities of the visual field. In combination with previous results, these findings indicate that biased motion responses in early visual cortical areas most likely depend on the spatial integration of a simultaneously activated motion detector chain.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "neuroanatomy", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Sensory systems", "Visual system", "Cognitive neuroscience", "neurophysiology", "responses", "directional", "anisotropy", "cortical"], "article_id"=>735038, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wouter Schellekens", "Richard J. A. van Wezel", "Natalia Petridou", "Nick F. Ramsey", "Mathijs Raemaekers"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067468.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Integration_of_Motion_Responses_Underlying_Directional_Motion_Anisotropy_in_Human_Early_Visual_Cortical_Areas_/735038", "title"=>"Integration of Motion Responses Underlying Directional Motion Anisotropy in Human Early Visual Cortical Areas", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-06-28 02:54:42"}

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