Activating and Relaxing Music Entrains the Speed of Beat Synchronized Walking
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Activating and Relaxing Music Entrains the Speed of Beat Synchronized Walking", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marc", "last_name"=>"Leman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603703642"}, {"first_name"=>"Dirk", "last_name"=>"Moelants", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507495086"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthias", "last_name"=>"Varewyck", "scopus_author_id"=>"35114044600"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederik", "last_name"=>"Styns", "scopus_author_id"=>"22635982600"}, {"first_name"=>"Leon", "last_name"=>"van Noorden", "scopus_author_id"=>"22434376900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Pierre", "last_name"=>"Martens", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201836932"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84880020946", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0067932", "sgr"=>"84880020946", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"23874469", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369294480"}, "id"=>"30770d1f-4e55-34b9-8d5f-e42d0d84834d", "abstract"=>"Inspired by a theory of embodied music cognition, we investigate whether music can entrain the speed of beat synchronized walking. If human walking is in synchrony with the beat and all musical stimuli have the same duration and the same tempo, then differences in walking speed can only be the result of music-induced differences in stride length, thus reflecting the vigor or physical strength of the movement. Participants walked in an open field in synchrony with the beat of 52 different musical stimuli all having a tempo of 130 beats per minute and a meter of 4 beats. The walking speed was measured as the walked distance during a time interval of 30 seconds. The results reveal that some music is 'activating' in the sense that it increases the speed, and some music is 'relaxing' in the sense that it decreases the speed, compared to the spontaneous walked speed in response to metronome stimuli. Participants are consistent in their observation of qualitative differences between the relaxing and activating musical stimuli. Using regression analysis, it was possible to set up a predictive model using only four sonic features that explain 60% of the variance. The sonic features capture variation in loudness and pitch patterns at periods of three, four and six beats, suggesting that expressive patterns in music are responsible for the effect. The mechanism may be attributed to an attentional shift, a subliminal audio-motor entrainment mechanism, or an arousal effect, but further study is needed to figure this out. Overall, the study supports the hypothesis that recurrent patterns of fluctuation affecting the binary meter strength of the music may entrain the vigor of the movement. The study opens up new perspectives for understanding the relationship between entrainment and expressiveness, with the possibility to develop applications that can be used in domains such as sports and physical rehabilitation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/activating-relaxing-music-entrains-speed-beat-synchronized-walking", "reader_count"=>87, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>14, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>14, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Arts and Humanities"=>5, "Computer Science"=>7, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Design"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Sports and Recreations"=>8, "Psychology"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>8}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>30}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>5}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>7}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "Netherlands"=>2, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84880020946"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84880020946?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84880020946&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84880020946&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84880020946", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84880020946", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84880020946", "dc:title"=>"Activating and Relaxing Music Entrains the Speed of Beat Synchronized Walking", "dc:creator"=>"Leman M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-07-10", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"10 July 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0067932", "citedby-count"=>"59", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Universiteit Gent", "affiliation-city"=>"Ghent", "affiliation-country"=>"Belgium"}], "pubmed-id"=>"23874469", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e67932", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0067932", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"229", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"4764"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"574"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"784"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"592"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"385"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"278"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"508"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"445"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"223"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"301"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"266"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"166"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"236"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"214"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"163"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"315"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"286"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"263"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"241"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"200"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1116065"], "description"=>"<p>The stars indicate significance levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computer modeling", "Mental health", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "Experimental psychology", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Sensory perception", "bipolar", "adjectives", "adjective", "100", "10", "relaxing", "excerpts", "activating"], "article_id"=>743320, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marc Leman", "Dirk Moelants", "Matthias Varewyck", "Frederik Styns", "Leon van Noorden", "Jean-Pierre Martens"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067932.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_score_of_nine_bipolar_adjectives_with_0_indicating_the_first_adjective_and_100_indicating_the_second_adjective_for_the_10_relaxing_excerpts_grey_bars_and_the_10_activating_excerpts_white_bars_/743320", "title"=>"Average score of nine bipolar adjectives (with 0 indicating the first adjective and 100 indicating the second adjective) for the 10 relaxing excerpts (grey bars) and the 10 activating excerpts (white bars).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-10 02:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1116063"], "description"=>"<p>Mean and standard deviation of the normalized walking speed for each song, ranked according to the mean walking speed for the songs .</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computer modeling", "Mental health", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "Experimental psychology", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Sensory perception", "deviation", "normalized", "ranked", "songs"], "article_id"=>743318, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marc Leman", "Dirk Moelants", "Matthias Varewyck", "Frederik Styns", "Leon van Noorden", "Jean-Pierre Martens"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067932.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_and_standard_deviation_of_the_normalized_walking_speed_for_each_song_ranked_according_to_the_mean_walking_speed_for_the_songs_/743318", "title"=>"Mean and standard deviation of the normalized walking speed for each song, ranked according to the mean walking speed for the songs .", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-10 02:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1116066"], "description"=>"<p>For each feature we list the feature number (Id), the mean () and standard deviation () of the regression coefficients for these features in the models and the number of times (N) (0. 10) the feature was selected.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computer modeling", "Mental health", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "Experimental psychology", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Sensory perception", "sonic"], "article_id"=>743321, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marc Leman", "Dirk Moelants", "Matthias Varewyck", "Frederik Styns", "Leon van Noorden", "Jean-Pierre Martens"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067932.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_most_frequently_selected_sonic_features_out_of_ten_models_for_walking_speed_/743321", "title"=>"The most frequently selected sonic features (out of ten models) for walking speed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-07-10 02:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1116067"], "description"=>"<p>The first column is the number, the second column specifies the composer or performer, the third column the title of the piece, and the fourth column indicates whether the piece has a relaxing or activation effect. The stimuli are ordered from most relaxing to most activating.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computer modeling", "Mental health", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "Experimental psychology", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Sensory perception"], "article_id"=>743322, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marc Leman", "Dirk Moelants", "Matthias Varewyck", "Frederik Styns", "Leon van Noorden", "Jean-Pierre Martens"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067932.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_musical_pieces_/743322", "title"=>"List of musical pieces.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-07-10 02:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1116064"], "description"=>"<p>Scatter plot of the speed versus their values predicted with a regression model based on sonic features.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computer modeling", "Mental health", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "Experimental psychology", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Sensory perception", "regression", "sonic"], "article_id"=>743319, "categories"=>["Information And Computing Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Marc Leman", "Dirk Moelants", "Matthias Varewyck", "Frederik Styns", "Leon van Noorden", "Jean-Pierre Martens"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067932.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatter_plot_of_the_speed_versus_their_values_predicted_with_a_regression_model_based_on_sonic_features_/743319", "title"=>"Scatter plot of the speed versus their values predicted with a regression model based on sonic features.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-10 02:14:01"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"70", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"67", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"98", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"96", "full-text"=>"104", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"59", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"129", "full-text"=>"202", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"75", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"79", "full-text"=>"85", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"93", "full-text"=>"130", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"146", "full-text"=>"178", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"99", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"95", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"73", "full-text"=>"94", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"105", "full-text"=>"114", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"81", "full-text"=>"93", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"118", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[306, 490, 611, 718, 817, 916, 999, 1091, 1185, 1258, 1341, 1412, 1476]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biomechanics", "average_usage"=>[262, 443, 579, 690, 795, 884, 991, 1089, 1183, 1275, 1366, 1445, 1522]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[261, 444, 554, 655, 748, 834, 923, 1004, 1089, 1170, 1244, 1315, 1380]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[254, 440, 558, 675, 785, 883, 972, 1061, 1154, 1248, 1336, 1414, 1489]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Signal processing", "average_usage"=>[248, 406, 514, 603, 689, 787, 859, 930, 1027, 1083, 1131, 1201, 1270]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[254, 431, 547, 651, 748, 842, 932, 1017, 1098, 1178, 1259, 1336, 1404]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[294, 460, 580, 683, 777, 868, 957, 1044, 1124, 1202, 1276, 1356, 1422]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts