DNA Sequencing Reveals the Midgut Microbiota of Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) and a Possible Relationship with Insecticide Resistance
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{"title"=>"DNA Sequencing Reveals the Midgut Microbiota of Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) and a Possible Relationship with Insecticide Resistance", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xiaofeng", "last_name"=>"Xia", "scopus_author_id"=>"55548829300"}, {"first_name"=>"Dandan", "last_name"=>"Zheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55548874600"}, {"first_name"=>"Huanzi", "last_name"=>"Zhong", "scopus_author_id"=>"56735259000"}, {"first_name"=>"Bingcai", "last_name"=>"Qin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55798134100"}, {"first_name"=>"Geoff M.", "last_name"=>"Gurr", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003269193"}, {"first_name"=>"Liette", "last_name"=>"Vasseur", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004684498"}, {"first_name"=>"Hailan", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55799066700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jianlin", "last_name"=>"Bai", "scopus_author_id"=>"55550063200"}, {"first_name"=>"Weiyi", "last_name"=>"He", "scopus_author_id"=>"55261975900"}, {"first_name"=>"Minsheng", "last_name"=>"You", "scopus_author_id"=>"9244162500"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0068852", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84880408645", "sgr"=>"84880408645", "pmid"=>"23894355", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369379130", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"c0eadb14-0199-3336-be03-7d213319eaa2", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Insect midgut microbiota is important in host nutrition, development and immune response. Recent studies indicate possible links between insect gut microbiota and resistance to biological and chemical toxins. Studies of this phenomenon and symbionts in general have been hampered by difficulties in culture-based approach. In the present study, DNA sequencing was used to examine the midgut microbiota of diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella (L.), a destructive pest that attacks cruciferous crops worldwide. Its ability to develop resistance to many types of synthetic insecticide and even Bacillus thuringiensis toxins makes it an important species to study.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Bacteria of the DBM larval midgut in a susceptible and two insecticide (chlorpyrifos and fipronil) resistant lines were examined by Illumina sequencing sampled from an insect generation that was not exposed to insecticide. This revealed that more than 97% of the bacteria were from three orders: Enterobacteriales, Vibrionales and Lactobacillales. Both insecticide-resistant lines had more Lactobacillales and the much scarcer taxa Pseudomonadales and Xanthomonadales with fewer Enterobacteriales compared with the susceptible strain. Consistent with this, a second study observed an increase in the proportion of Lactobacillales in the midgut of DBM individuals from a generation treated with insecticides.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first report of high-throughput DNA sequencing of the entire microbiota of DBM. It reveals differences related to inter- and intra-generational exposure to insecticides. Differences in the midgut microbiota among susceptible and insecticide-resistant lines are independent of insecticide exposure in the sampled generations. While this is consistent with the hypothesis that Lactobacillales or other scarcer taxa play a role in conferring DBM insecticide resistance, further studies are necessary to rule out other possibilities. Findings constitute the basis for future molecular work on the functions of insect midgut microbiota taxa and their possible role in conferring host resistance to toxins.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dna-sequencing-reveals-midgut-microbiota-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-l-possible-relationshi", "reader_count"=>62, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>2, "Ghana"=>1, "France"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123336"], "description"=>"<p>Compositions of (A) CRL at the phylum level, (B) CRL at the order level, (C) FRL at the phylum level, and (D) FRL at the order level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Pest control", "pesticides", "Computational biology", "genomics", "Genome sequencing", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "microbiology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "microbes", "dbm", "larval", "midgut", "individuals", "chlorpyrifos-resistant", "fipronil-resistant", "communities", "reared", "insecticide-stressed"], "article_id"=>748896, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xiaofeng Xia", "Dandan Zheng", "Huanzi Zhong", "Bingcai Qin", "Geoff M. Gurr", "Liette Vasseur", "Hailan Lin", "Jianlin Bai", "Weiyi He", "Minsheng You"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportional_composition_of_microbes_in_the_DBM_larval_midgut_of_individuals_from_the_chlorpyrifos_resistant_CRL_and_fipronil_resistant_FRL_communities_reared_under_insecticide_stressed_conditions_/748896", "title"=>"Proportional composition of microbes in the DBM larval midgut of individuals from the chlorpyrifos-resistant (CRL) and fipronil-resistant (FRL) communities reared under insecticide-stressed conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-19 01:33:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123332"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Composition at the phylum level, and (B) composition at the order level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Pest control", "pesticides", "Computational biology", "genomics", "Genome sequencing", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "microbiology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "microbes", "dbm", "larval", "midgut", "susceptible", "chlorpyrifos-resistant", "fipronil-resistant", "exposed"], "article_id"=>748893, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xiaofeng Xia", "Dandan Zheng", "Huanzi Zhong", "Bingcai Qin", "Geoff M. Gurr", "Liette Vasseur", "Hailan Lin", "Jianlin Bai", "Weiyi He", "Minsheng You"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportional_composition_of_microbes_in_the_DBM_larval_midgut_for_the_susceptible_strain_SS_chlorpyrifos_resistant_line_CRL_and_fipronil_resistant_line_FRL_not_exposed_to_insecticides_/748893", "title"=>"Proportional composition of microbes in the DBM larval midgut for the susceptible strain (SS), chlorpyrifos-resistant line (CRL), and fipronil-resistant line (FRL) not exposed to insecticides.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-19 01:33:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123337", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123338", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123339", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123341", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123342", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123343", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123344", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123345"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Insect midgut microbiota is important in host nutrition, development and immune response. Recent studies indicate possible links between insect gut microbiota and resistance to biological and chemical toxins. Studies of this phenomenon and symbionts in general have been hampered by difficulties in culture-based approach. In the present study, DNA sequencing was used to examine the midgut microbiota of diamondback moth (DBM), <i>Plutella xylostella</i> (L.), a destructive pest that attacks cruciferous crops worldwide. Its ability to develop resistance to many types of synthetic insecticide and even <i>Bacillus thuringiensis</i> toxins makes it an important species to study.</p><p>Methodology/Principal Findings</p><p>Bacteria of the DBM larval midgut in a susceptible and two insecticide (chlorpyrifos and fipronil) resistant lines were examined by Illumina sequencing sampled from an insect generation that was not exposed to insecticide. This revealed that more than 97% of the bacteria were from three orders: Enterobacteriales, Vibrionales and Lactobacillales. Both insecticide-resistant lines had more Lactobacillales and the much scarcer taxa Pseudomonadales and Xanthomonadales with fewer Enterobacteriales compared with the susceptible strain. Consistent with this, a second study observed an increase in the proportion of Lactobacillales in the midgut of DBM individuals from a generation treated with insecticides.</p><p>Conclusions/Significance</p><p>This is the first report of high-throughput DNA sequencing of the entire microbiota of DBM. It reveals differences related to inter- and intra-generational exposure to insecticides. Differences in the midgut microbiota among susceptible and insecticide-resistant lines are independent of insecticide exposure in the sampled generations. While this is consistent with the hypothesis that Lactobacillales or other scarcer taxa play a role in conferring DBM insecticide resistance, further studies are necessary to rule out other possibilities. Findings constitute the basis for future molecular work on the functions of insect midgut microbiota taxa and their possible role in conferring host resistance to toxins.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Pest control", "pesticides", "Computational biology", "genomics", "Genome sequencing", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "microbiology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "dna", "sequencing", "reveals", "midgut", "microbiota", "diamondback", "insecticide"], "article_id"=>748897, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xiaofeng Xia", "Dandan Zheng", "Huanzi Zhong", "Bingcai Qin", "Geoff M. Gurr", "Liette Vasseur", "Hailan Lin", "Jianlin Bai", "Weiyi He", "Minsheng You"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/DNA_Sequencing_Reveals_the_Midgut_Microbiota_of_Diamondback_Moth_Plutella_xylostella_L_and_a_Possible_Relationship_with_Insecticide_Resistance/748897", "title"=>"DNA Sequencing Reveals the Midgut Microbiota of Diamondback Moth, <i>Plutella xylostella</i> (L.) and a Possible Relationship with Insecticide Resistance", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-19 01:33:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123329"], "description"=>"<p>The order-based proportional composition of microbiota in the DBM larval midgut.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Pest control", "pesticides", "Computational biology", "genomics", "Genome sequencing", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "microbiology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "order-based", "proportional", "microbiota", "dbm", "larval"], "article_id"=>748890, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xiaofeng Xia", "Dandan Zheng", "Huanzi Zhong", "Bingcai Qin", "Geoff M. Gurr", "Liette Vasseur", "Hailan Lin", "Jianlin Bai", "Weiyi He", "Minsheng You"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_order_based_proportional_composition_of_microbiota_in_the_DBM_larval_midgut_/748890", "title"=>"The order-based proportional composition of microbiota in the DBM larval midgut.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-19 01:33:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1123335"], "description"=>"<p>The bootstrap value (100 replicates) associated with the taxa clustered in the tree is shown next to the branches. The scaled bar represents 0.1% estimated phylogenetic divergence. The numbers below SS, FRL and CRL are the percent abundances corresponding to the OTUs on the tree, and the numbers in the square brackets are the percentage abundances corresponding to the phylum in SS, FRL and CRL.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Pest control", "pesticides", "Computational biology", "genomics", "Genome sequencing", "Sequence analysis", "ecology", "microbial ecology", "microbiology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "16s", "rrna", "v6", "sequences", "samples", "susceptible", "chlorpyrifos-resistant", "lines", "fipronil-resistant"], "article_id"=>748895, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xiaofeng Xia", "Dandan Zheng", "Huanzi Zhong", "Bingcai Qin", "Geoff M. Gurr", "Liette Vasseur", "Hailan Lin", "Jianlin Bai", "Weiyi He", "Minsheng You"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068852.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_analysis_based_on_the_16S_rRNA_V6_region_sequences_from_samples_of_the_susceptible_strain_SS_chlorpyrifos_resistant_lines_CRL_and_fipronil_resistant_lines_FRL_/748895", "title"=>"Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA V6 region sequences from samples of the susceptible strain (SS), chlorpyrifos-resistant lines (CRL) and fipronil-resistant lines (FRL).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-07-19 01:33:05"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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