An fMRI Study of Audiovisual Speech Perception Reveals Multisensory Interactions in Auditory Cortex
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{"title"=>"An fMRI Study of Audiovisual Speech Perception Reveals Multisensory Interactions in Auditory Cortex", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kayoko", "last_name"=>"Okada", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404191459"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan H.", "last_name"=>"Venezia", "scopus_author_id"=>"35262976800"}, {"first_name"=>"William", "last_name"=>"Matchin", "scopus_author_id"=>"36473887900"}, {"first_name"=>"Kourosh", "last_name"=>"Saberi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004232931"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory", "last_name"=>"Hickok", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004718457"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84879262551", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0068959", "pui"=>"369158169", "pmid"=>"23805332", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879262551", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"55789882-9a19-3d90-bc73-b5a6e5d416af", "abstract"=>"Research on the neural basis of speech-reading implicates a network of auditory language regions involving inferior frontal cortex, premotor cortex and sites along superior temporal cortex. In audiovisual speech studies, neural activity is consistently reported in posterior superior temporal Sulcus (pSTS) and this site has been implicated in multimodal integration. Traditionally, multisensory interactions are considered high-level processing that engages heteromodal association cortices (such as STS). Recent work, however, challenges this notion and suggests that multisensory interactions may occur in low-level unimodal sensory cortices. While previous audiovisual speech studies demonstrate that high-level multisensory interactions occur in pSTS, what remains unclear is how early in the processing hierarchy these multisensory interactions may occur. The goal of the present fMRI experiment is to investigate how visual speech can influence activity in auditory cortex above and beyond its response to auditory speech. In an audiovisual speech experiment, subjects were presented with auditory speech with and without congruent visual input. Holding the auditory stimulus constant across the experiment, we investigated how the addition of visual speech influences activity in auditory cortex. We demonstrate that congruent visual speech increases the activity in auditory cortex.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fmri-study-audiovisual-speech-perception-reveals-multisensory-interactions-auditory-cortex", "reader_count"=>102, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Philosophy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Engineering"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Neuroscience"=>13, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>42, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>42}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>6}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>3, "United States"=>5, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4}, "group_count"=>3}

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Relative Metric

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