Diversity, Relationships, and Biogeography of the Lambeosaurine Dinosaurs from the European Archipelago, with Description of the New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis
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{"title"=>"Diversity, Relationships, and Biogeography of the Lambeosaurine Dinosaurs from the European Archipelago, with Description of the New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Albert", "last_name"=>"Prieto-Márquez", "scopus_author_id"=>"12544776900"}, {"first_name"=>"Fabio M.", "last_name"=>"Dalla Vecchia", "scopus_author_id"=>"55665437500"}, {"first_name"=>"Rodrigo", "last_name"=>"Gaete", "scopus_author_id"=>"16026751100"}, {"first_name"=>"Àngel", "last_name"=>"Galobart", "scopus_author_id"=>"55964223000"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"369439223", "sgr"=>"84880834255", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23922815", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84880834255", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0069835", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"9d4c0ea0-44ec-3402-82a3-af2decd319a9", "abstract"=>"We provide a thorough re-evaluation of the taxonomic diversity, phylogenetic relationships, and historical biogeography of the lambeosaurine hadrosaurids from the European Archipelago. Previously published occurrences of European Lambeosaurinae are reviewed and new specimens collected from upper Maastrichtian strata of the south-central Pyrenees are described. No support is found for the recognition of European saurolophines in the available hadrosaurid materials recovered so far from this area. A new genus and species of basal lambeosaurine, Canardia garonnensis, is described on the basis of cranial and appendicular elements collected from upper Maastrichtian strata of southern France. C. garonnensis differs from all other hadrosaurids, except Aralosaurus tuberiferus, in having maxilla with prominent subrectangular rostrodorsal flange; it differs from A. tuberiferus in a few maxillary and prefrontal characters. Together with A. tuberiferus, C. garonnensis integrates the newly recognized tribe Aralosaurini. Inference of lambeosaurine interrelationships via maximum parsimony analysis indicates that the other three known European lambeosaurines are representatives of two additional subclades (tribes) of these hadrosaurids: Tsintaosaurini (Pararhabdodon isonensis) and Lambeosaurini (the Arenysaurus ardevoli-Blasisaurus canudoi clade). The tribes Aralosaurini, Tsintaosaurini, Lambeosaurini, and Parasaurolophini are formally defined and diagnosed for the first time. Three event-based quantitative methods of ancestral range reconstruction were implemented to infer the historical biogeography of European lambeosaurines: Dispersal-Vicariance Analysis, Bayesian Binary MCMC, and Dispersal-Extinction-Cladogenesis. The results of these analyses, coupled with the absence of pre-Maastrichtian lambeosaurines in the Mesozoic vertebrate fossil record of Europe, favor the hypothesis that aralosaurins and tsintaosaurins were Asian immigrants that reached the Ibero-Armorican island via dispersal events sometime during the Maastrichtian. Less conclusive is the biogeographical history of European lambeosaurins; several scenarios, occurring sometime during the Maastrichtian, are possible, from vicariance leading to the splitting of Asian or North American from European ranges to a dispersal event from North America to the European Archipelago.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/diversity-relationships-biogeography-lambeosaurine-dinosaurs-european-archipelago-description-new-ar", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>18}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Chile"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446856"], "description"=>"<p>A. Left surangular (MDE-Ma3–19) in dorsal view. B. Lateral view of same. C. Medial view of same. D. Right articular (MDE-Ma3–28) in lateral view. E. Medial view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757165, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_selected_mandibular_elements_/757165", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, selected mandibular elements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446955"], "description"=>"<p>Selected cranial measurements (in mm) of <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757276, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selected_cranial_measurements_in_mm_of_Canardia_garonnensis_/757276", "title"=>"Selected cranial measurements (in mm) of <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446952"], "description"=>"<p>The circles at each node represent the relative probabilities for the ancestral areas inferred via Dispersal Cladogenesis Extinction analysis (DEC <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Ree2\" target=\"_blank\">[129]</a>), implemented in RASP 2.0b <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Yu3\" target=\"_blank\">[127]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757273, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g028"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_calibrated_phylogram_of_Lambeosaurinae_based_on_the_phylogenetic_hypothesis_shown_in_Fig_25_/757273", "title"=>"Time-calibrated phylogram of Lambeosaurinae based on the phylogenetic hypothesis shown in Fig. 25.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446931"], "description"=>"<p>A. Right dentary (MCD 5007) in medial view. B. Right dentary (MCD 4743) in medial view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757240, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g022"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_elements_collected_at_the_Basturs_Poble_bonebed_/757240", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine elements collected at the Basturs Poble bonebed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446871"], "description"=>"<p>Right maxilla and quadrate of REP-LCR-k6-001. Drawn from Bilotte et al. (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Bilotte1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>: fig. 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757174, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_the_Larcan_specimen_/757174", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, the Larcan specimen.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446862"], "description"=>"<p>A. Partial dentary dental battery (MDE-Ma3–26) in occlusal view. B. Lingual view of same. C. Dentary tooth crowns of MDE-Ma3–26 in lingual view. D. Isolated dentary tooth crown (MDE-Ma3–25) in lingual view. E. Dentary tooth crowns of MDE-Ma3–26 in lingual view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757171, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_dentary_dentition_/757171", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, dentary dentition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446916"], "description"=>"<p>. A. Left ischium (IPFUB unnumbered specimen) in lateral view. B. Right ischium (IPFUB unnumbered specimen) in lateral view. Drawings based on the photographs in Brinkmann (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Brinkmann1\" target=\"_blank\">[76]</a>: fig. 2 and 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757217, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g019"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_ischia_from_Moror_/757217", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine ischia from Moror", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446898"], "description"=>"<p>A. Lateral view of partial left jugal (MPZ 2011/01). B. Medial view of same. Drawings based on the photographs in Cruzado-Caballero (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-CruzadoCaballero3\" target=\"_blank\">[66]</a>: fig. 4.83).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757184, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Arenysaurus_ardevoli_left_jugal_/757184", "title"=>"<i>Arenysaurus ardevoli</i>, left jugal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446919"], "description"=>"<p>A. Lateral view. B. Medial view. C. Dorsal view. D. Detail of the symphyseal process in dorsal view, as it is currently prepared. E. Detail of the symphyseal process in dorsal view, showing its artificial greater lingual elongation caused by the former (pre-2008) preparation of the specimen.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757223, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g020"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_dentary_IPS_29920_/757223", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine dentary, IPS 29920.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446835"], "description"=>"<p>The figure shows the stratigraphical and probable chronostratigraphical position of the lambeosaurine and other hadrosaurid-bearing localities discussed in the present study. Stratigraphical columns and stratigraphical positions of the localities are constructed from data in Pereda-Suberbiola et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-PeredaSuberbiola1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>, Laurent et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Laurent2\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>, Laurent <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Laurent3\" target=\"_blank\">[17]</a>, Riera et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Riera1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>, Riera <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Riera2\" target=\"_blank\">[29]</a>, and Dalla Vecchia et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Dalla2\" target=\"_blank\">[72]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757131, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphical_position_of_the_European_lambeosaurine_record_/757131", "title"=>"Stratigraphical position of the European lambeosaurine record.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446895"], "description"=>"<p>A. Left dentary of <i>B. canudoi</i> (MPZ 99/665) in medial view. B. Right lacrimal of <i>B. canudoi</i> (MPZ 2009/348) in lateral view. C. Left jugal of <i>B. canudoi</i> (MPZ 99/667) in lateral view. D. Dentary tooth crowns of <i>A. ardevoli</i> (MPZ 2008/258) in lingual view. E. Caudal region of the skull roof of <i>A. ardevoli</i> (MPZ 2008/1) in dorsal view. F. Left dentary of <i>A. ardevoli</i> (MPZ 2008/258) in medial view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757183, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Arenysaurus_ardevoli_and_Blasisaurus_canudoi_selected_cranial_elements_/757183", "title"=>"<i>Arenysaurus ardevoli</i> and <i>Blasisaurus canudoi</i>, selected cranial elements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446964"], "description"=>"<p>Selected measurements (in mm) of the Serrat del Corb lambeosaurine.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757278, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selected_measurements_in_mm_of_the_Serrat_del_Corb_lambeosaurine_/757278", "title"=>"Selected measurements (in mm) of the Serrat del Corb lambeosaurine.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446958"], "description"=>"<p>Selected appendicular measurements (in mm) of <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757275, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selected_appendicular_measurements_in_mm_of_Canardia_garonnensis_/757275", "title"=>"Selected appendicular measurements (in mm) of <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446865"], "description"=>"<p>A. Left scapula (MDE-Ma3–21) in lateral view. B. Left sternal plate (MDE-Ma3–24) in ventrolateral view. C. Distal blade of left scapula (MDE-Ma3–12) in lateral view. D. Right pubis (MDE-Ma3–23) in lateral view. E. Left humerus (MDE-Ma3–20) in medial view. F. Rostral view of same. G. Lateral view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757173, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_selected_appendicular_elements_/757173", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, selected appendicular elements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446946"], "description"=>"<p><b>25.</b> Each of the five most parsimonious trees resulting from parsimony analysis is shown. However, because those trees differ only in the relationships of the <i>Hypacrosaurus-Amurosaurus</i> clade, we only show the complete topology of one of the threes and include below only the topologies of that subclade for the additional four most parsimonious trees. The circles at each node represent the relative probabilities for the ancestral areas inferred using Statistical Dispersal-Vicariance Analysis (S-DIVA <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Yu1\" target=\"_blank\">[104]</a>), implemented in RASP 2.0b <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Yu3\" target=\"_blank\">[127]</a>. The numbers to the left of the taxon names are datings in millions of years. When absolute dating estimates are not available but only subages (e.g., late Maastrichtian), the absolute dating of the taxon is approximated as the mid-point of the available range (numbers between brackets). The literature sources for each taxon’s geochronological range are as follows: <i>Amurosaurus riabinini</i> (late Maastrichtian range for the Udurchukan Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Evans3\" target=\"_blank\">[64]</a>); <i>Aralosaurus tuberiferus</i> (late Santonian-early Campanian range for the Bostobe Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Averianov1\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>); <i>Arenysaurus ardevoli</i> and <i>Blasisaurus canudoi</i> (late Maastrichtian; Fig. 2); <i>Charonosaurus jiayinensis</i> (late Maastrichtian range for the Yuliangze Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Godefroit4\" target=\"_blank\">[60]</a>); <i>Canardia garonnensis</i> (late Maastrichtian up to near the K-Pg boundary; Fig. 2); <i>Corythosaurus</i> spp., <i>Lambeosaurus</i> spp., and <i>Parasaurolophus walkeri</i> <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Evans4\" target=\"_blank\">[98]</a>; <i>Hypacrosaurus altispinus</i> <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Evans2\" target=\"_blank\">[49]</a>; <i>H. stebingeri</i> (‘middle’ to late Campanian range for the upper section of the Two Medicine Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Horner1\" target=\"_blank\">[1]</a>); <i>Magnapaulia laticaudus</i> <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Sullivan2\" target=\"_blank\">[131]</a>; <i>Jaxartosaurus aralensis</i> (Santonian range for the Syuksyuk Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Averianov3\" target=\"_blank\">[132]</a>); <i>Olorotitan arharensis</i> (late Maastrichtian range for the Udurchukan Formation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Godefroit1\" target=\"_blank\">[6]</a>); <i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i> (late to latest Maastrichtian; Fig. 2); <i>Parasaurolophus tubicen</i> and <i>P. cyrtocristatus</i> <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Sullivan3\" target=\"_blank\">[133]</a>; <i>Sahaliyania elunchunorum</i> (late Maastrichtian range for the Yuliangze Formation according to Godefroit et al. 2008); <i>Tsintaosaurus spinorhinus</i> (early Campanian range for the Jingangkou Formaton <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Hong1\" target=\"_blank\">[134]</a>); and <i>Velafrons coahuilensis</i> <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Eberth1\" target=\"_blank\">[135]</a>. Datings for age boundaries are from Walker et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Walker1\" target=\"_blank\">[136]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757268, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g026"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_calibrated_phylogram_of_Lambeosaurinae_based_on_the_phylogenetic_hypothesis_shown_in_Fig_/757268", "title"=>"Time-calibrated phylogram of Lambeosaurinae based on the phylogenetic hypothesis shown in Fig.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446937"], "description"=>"<p>A. Predentary (MDE-Cas2–138) in dorsal view. B. Ventral view of MDE-Cas2–138. C. Partial left dentary (MDE-Cas2–02) in medial view. D. Dentary tooth crowns (MDE-Cas2–11) in lingual view. E. Left pubis (MDE-Cas2-01) in lateral view. F. Left dentary (MDE-Cas2–248) in medial view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757265, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g024"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_materials_collected_at_the_Cassagnau_2_locality_/757265", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine materials collected at the Cassagnau 2 locality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446853"], "description"=>"<p>Pterygoid in lateral (A) and medial (B) views.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757163, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_MDE_Ma3_30_right_pterygoid_/757163", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, MDE-Ma3–30, right pterygoid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446829"], "description"=>"<p>Maps constructed, in part, from the data and maps provided by Pereda-Suberbiola et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-PeredaSuberbiola1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>, Cruzado-Caballero et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-CruzadoCaballero2\" target=\"_blank\">[12]</a>, Laurent et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Laurent2\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>, Laurent <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Laurent3\" target=\"_blank\">[17]</a>, Bilotte et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Bilotte1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>, Riera et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Riera1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>, Brinkmann <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Brinkmann1\" target=\"_blank\">[76]</a>, and Prieto-Márquez et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-PrietoMrquez8\" target=\"_blank\">[80]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757130, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographical_location_of_European_lambeosaurine_localities_/757130", "title"=>"Geographical location of European lambeosaurine localities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446886"], "description"=>"<p>Maxilla in dorsal (A), lateral (B), and medial (G) views. A rostrolateral view of the lateral surface of the dorsal maxillary process, displaying breakage line and medial distortion (white arrow, also in A), is shown in C. Details of the lingual side of tooth crowns are presented in D–F.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757176, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g012"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pararhabdodon_isonensis_MCD_4919_left_maxilla_/757176", "title"=>"<i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i>, MCD 4919, left maxilla.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446847"], "description"=>"<p>A. Right prefrontal (MDE-Ma3–18) in dorsal view. B. Right postorbital (MDE-Ma3–29) in lateral view. C. Medial view of same. D. Lateral view of the prefrontal MDE-Ma3–18. E. Medial view of same. F. Caudal view of same. G. Left quadrate (MDE-Ma3–17) in lateral view. H. Rostral view of same. I. Medial view of same. J. Caudal view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757153, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_selected_cranial_elements_/757153", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, selected cranial elements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446817", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446820", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446823", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446826"], "description"=>"<div><p>We provide a thorough re-evaluation of the taxonomic diversity, phylogenetic relationships, and historical biogeography of the lambeosaurine hadrosaurids from the European Archipelago. Previously published occurrences of European Lambeosaurinae are reviewed and new specimens collected from upper Maastrichtian strata of the south-central Pyrenees are described. No support is found for the recognition of European saurolophines in the available hadrosaurid materials recovered so far from this area. A new genus and species of basal lambeosaurine, <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, is described on the basis of cranial and appendicular elements collected from upper Maastrichtian strata of southern France. <i>C. garonnensis</i> differs from all other hadrosaurids, except <i>Aralosaurus tuberiferus</i>, in having maxilla with prominent subrectangular rostrodorsal flange; it differs from <i>A. tuberiferus</i> in a few maxillary and prefrontal characters. Together with <i>A. tuberiferus</i>, <i>C. garonnensis</i> integrates the newly recognized tribe Aralosaurini. Inference of lambeosaurine interrelationships via maximum parsimony analysis indicates that the other three known European lambeosaurines are representatives of two additional subclades (tribes) of these hadrosaurids: Tsintaosaurini (<i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i>) and Lambeosaurini (the <i>Arenysaurus ardevoli</i>-<i>Blasisaurus canudoi</i> clade). The tribes Aralosaurini, Tsintaosaurini, Lambeosaurini, and Parasaurolophini are formally defined and diagnosed for the first time. Three event-based quantitative methods of ancestral range reconstruction were implemented to infer the historical biogeography of European lambeosaurines: Dispersal-Vicariance Analysis, Bayesian Binary MCMC, and Dispersal-Extinction-Cladogenesis. The results of these analyses, coupled with the absence of pre-Maastrichtian lambeosaurines in the Mesozoic vertebrate fossil record of Europe, favor the hypothesis that aralosaurins and tsintaosaurins were Asian immigrants that reached the Ibero-Armorican island via dispersal events sometime during the Maastrichtian. Less conclusive is the biogeographical history of European lambeosaurins; several scenarios, occurring sometime during the Maastrichtian, are possible, from vicariance leading to the splitting of Asian or North American from European ranges to a dispersal event from North America to the European Archipelago.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757458, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>16, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Diversity_Relationships_and_Biogeography_of_the_Lambeosaurine_Dinosaurs_from_the_European_Archipelago_with_Description_of_the_New_Aralosaurin_Canardia_garonnensis_/757458", "title"=>"Diversity, Relationships, and Biogeography of the Lambeosaurine Dinosaurs from the European Archipelago, with Description of the New Aralosaurin <i>Canardia garonnensis</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446910"], "description"=>"<p>A. Partial right jugal (MPZ 2007/1885) in lateral view. B. Medial view of same. Drawn from Cruzado-Caballero et al. (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-CruzadoCaballero1\" target=\"_blank\">[9]</a>: fig. 2).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757215, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g018"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_jugal_Blasi_5_/757215", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine jugal Blasi 5.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446961"], "description"=>"<p>Selected maxillary measurements (in mm) of <i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757274, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selected_maxillary_measurements_in_mm_of_Pararhabdodon_isonensis_/757274", "title"=>"Selected maxillary measurements (in mm) of <i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446967"], "description"=>"<p>Selected measurements (in mm) of the Cassagnau 2 lambeosaurines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757277, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selected_measurements_in_mm_of_the_Cassagnau_2_lambeosaurines_/757277", "title"=>"Selected measurements (in mm) of the Cassagnau 2 lambeosaurines.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446904"], "description"=>"<p>A. Right ischium (MCD 5089) from Molí del Baró 1 in lateral view. B. Cranial view of same. C. Left dentary (MCD 5059) from the Barranc de Torrebilles 4 locality in dorsal view. D. Medial view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757205, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g016"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_specimens_from_Mol_237_del_Bar_243_1_and_Barranc_de_Torrebilles_4_/757205", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine specimens from Molí del Baró 1 and Barranc de Torrebilles 4.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446934"], "description"=>"<p>A. Left ischium (MDE-Aus-185) in lateral view from Ausseing. B. Proximal region of left ischium (MDE-Cas1–200) in lateral view from Cassagnau 1. C. Dentary tooth crown (MDE-Cas1–11) in lingual view from Cassagnau 1. D. Maxillary tooth crown (MDE-Cas1–03) in labial view from Cassagnau 1. E. Dentary tooth crown (MDE-Ma1–01) in lingual view from Tricouté 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757254, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g023"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_materials_collected_at_the_Ausseing_Cassagnau_1_and_Tricout_233_1_localities_/757254", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine materials collected at the Ausseing, Cassagnau 1, and Tricouté 1 localities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446838"], "description"=>"<p>Maxilla in lateral (A), ventral (B), medial (C), and dorsal (D) views.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757136, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_MDE_Ma3_16_holotype_right_maxilla_/757136", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, MDE-Ma3–16 (holotype), right maxilla.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446841"], "description"=>"<p>Maxilla in dorsal (A), lateral (B), and medial (E) views. Details of the lingual side of tooth crowns are presented in C and D.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757149, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Canardia_garonnensis_MDE_Ma3_15_left_maxilla_/757149", "title"=>"<i>Canardia garonnensis</i>, MDE-Ma3–15, left maxilla.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446901"], "description"=>"<p>A. Left ilium (MCD 4791) in dorsal view. B. Lateral view of same. C. Left ischium (MCD 4787) in lateral view. D. Left pubis (MCD 5088) in dorsal view. E. Lateral view of same. F. Right ischial shaft (MCD 4788) in lateral view.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757198, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_specimen_from_Serrat_del_Corb_/757198", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine specimen from Serrat del Corb.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446877"], "description"=>"<p>A. Right maxilla (IPS 36327) in lateral view. B. Medial view of same. C. Left maxilla (IPS 693-6) in medial view. D. Lateral view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757175, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g011"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pararhabdodon_isonensis_maxillae_/757175", "title"=>"<i>Pararhabdodon isonensis</i>, maxillae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446907"], "description"=>"<p>. A. Dorsal view of a right ilium (MPZ 2005/90) recovered from the Blasi 3 locality. B. Lateral view of same. Drawings based on the photographs in Cruzado-Caballero et al. (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-CruzadoCaballero5\" target=\"_blank\">[73]</a>: fig. 2).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757208, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g017"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_lambeosaurine_ilium_from_Blasi_3_/757208", "title"=>"Indeterminate lambeosaurine ilium from Blasi 3", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446949"], "description"=>"<p>The circles at each node represent the relative probabilities for the ancestral areas inferred using the Bayesian Binary MCMC method (BBM) of Yu et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Yu2\" target=\"_blank\">[105]</a>, implemented in RASP 2.0b <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835#pone.0069835-Yu3\" target=\"_blank\">[127]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757270, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g027"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Time_calibrated_phylogram_of_Lambeosaurinae_based_on_the_phylogenetic_hypothesis_shown_in_Fig_25_/757270", "title"=>"Time-calibrated phylogram of Lambeosaurinae based on the phylogenetic hypothesis shown in Fig. 25.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446943"], "description"=>"<p>Consensus tree of the five most parsimonious trees resulting from maximum parsimony analysis. The numbers above the branches represent bootstrap frequencies, whereas those below are decay indices (Bremer support).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757267, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g025"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_relationships_of_lambeosaurine_taxa_from_the_European_Archipelago_/757267", "title"=>"Phylogenetic relationships of lambeosaurine taxa from the European Archipelago.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4446925"], "description"=>"<p>A. Maxillary tooth crowns (MCD 5090) in labial view. B. Lateral view of the maxilla. C. Medial view of same.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["European Archipelago", "hadrosaurid", "MCMC", "New Aralosaurin Canardia garonnensis", "subrectangular rostrodorsal flange", "European lambeosaurines", "Maastrichtian strata"], "article_id"=>757234, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Albert Prieto-Márquez", "Fabio M. Dalla Vecchia", "Rodrigo Gaete", "Àngel Galobart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069835.g021"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Indeterminate_hadrosaurid_maxilla_from_Euroda_Nord_/757234", "title"=>"Indeterminate hadrosaurid maxilla from Euroda Nord.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-07-26 15:50:23"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[256, 428]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Evolutionary biology", "average_usage"=>[302, 488, 607, 717, 832, 931, 1024, 1117, 1212, 1302, 1389, 1469, 1535]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Molecular biology", "average_usage"=>[272, 466, 589, 702, 806, 903, 995, 1086, 1176, 1258, 1347, 1422, 1493]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Taxonomy", "average_usage"=>[315, 535, 673, 799, 934, 1049, 1169, 1261, 1387, 1467, 1612, 1696, 1781]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Computer and information sciences", "average_usage"=>[297, 488, 616, 724, 828, 939, 1038, 1127, 1223, 1311, 1393, 1479, 1556]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Mineralogy", "average_usage"=>[234, 432, 539, 670, 780, 885, 958, 1048, 1114, 1198, 1266, 1342, 1406, 1465]}]}
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