White Matter Deficits in Psychopathic Offenders and Correlation with Factor Structure
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{"title"=>"White Matter Deficits in Psychopathic Offenders and Correlation with Factor Structure", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sylco S.", "last_name"=>"Hoppenbrouwers", "scopus_author_id"=>"24723933100"}, {"first_name"=>"Arash", "last_name"=>"Nazeri", "scopus_author_id"=>"36123655100"}, {"first_name"=>"Danilo R.", "last_name"=>"de Jesus", "scopus_author_id"=>"35331663100"}, {"first_name"=>"Tania", "last_name"=>"Stirpe", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801658342"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Felsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"36967976600"}, {"first_name"=>"Dennis J L G", "last_name"=>"Schutter", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701345314"}, {"first_name"=>"Zafiris J.", "last_name"=>"Daskalakis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603590114"}, {"first_name"=>"Aristotle N.", "last_name"=>"Voineskos", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504704378"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23977291", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0072375", "sgr"=>"84882705600", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84882705600", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369619622"}, "id"=>"2d735614-2858-3890-a490-59e4b89da5b0", "abstract"=>"Psychopathic offenders show a persistent pattern of emotional unresponsivity to the often horrendous crimes they perpetrate. Recent studies have related psychopathy to alterations in white matter. Therefore, diffusion tensor imaging followed by tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis in 11 psychopathic offenders matched to 11 healthy controls was completed. Fractional anisotropy was calculated within each voxel and comparisons were made between groups using a permutation test. Any clusters of white matter voxels different between groups were submitted to probabilistic tractography. Significant differences in fractional anisotropy were found between psychopathic offenders and healthy controls in three main white matter clusters. These three clusters represented two major networks: an amygdalo-prefrontal network, and a striato-thalamo-frontal network. The interpersonal/affective component of the PCL-R correlated with white matter deficits in the orbitofrontal cortex and frontal pole whereas the antisocial component correlated with deficits in the striato-thalamo-frontal network. In addition to replicating earlier work concerning disruption of an amygdala-prefrontal network, we show for the first time that white matter integrity in a striato-thalamo-frontal network is disrupted in psychopathic offenders. The novelty of our findings lies in the two dissociable white matter networks that map directly onto the two major factors of psychopathy.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/white-matter-deficits-psychopathic-offenders-correlation-factor-structure", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Psychology"=>23, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>23}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "Belgium"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1176224"], "description"=>"<p>On a T1 MNI brain (grayscale) probabilistic tractography results (red-yellow) are demonstrated.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neural networks", "neuroimaging", "neuropsychology", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "neurology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "tractography", "controls", "voxels", "abnormal", "fa"], "article_id"=>777384, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers", "Arash Nazeri", "Danilo R. de Jesus", "Tania Stirpe", "Daniel Felsky", "Dennis J. L. G. Schutter", "Zafiris J. Daskalakis", "Aristotle N. Voineskos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Probabilistic_tractography_results_from_healthy_controls_using_seed_voxels_with_abnormal_FA_in_psychopathy_/777384", "title"=>"Probabilistic tractography results from healthy controls using seed voxels with abnormal FA in psychopathy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-20 02:09:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1176225"], "description"=>"<p>Partial correlation coefficients between mean FA values extracted from clusters that showed significant differences between psychopaths and healthy controls and one sided (p values) uncorrected for multiple comparison.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neural networks", "neuroimaging", "neuropsychology", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "neurology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "coefficients", "fa", "extracted", "clusters", "showed", "differences", "psychopaths", "controls", "sided", "uncorrected"], "article_id"=>777385, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers", "Arash Nazeri", "Danilo R. de Jesus", "Tania Stirpe", "Daniel Felsky", "Dennis J. L. G. Schutter", "Zafiris J. Daskalakis", "Aristotle N. Voineskos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Partial_correlation_coefficients_between_mean_FA_values_extracted_from_clusters_that_showed_significant_differences_between_psychopaths_and_healthy_controls_and_one_sided_p_values_uncorrected_for_multiple_comparison_/777385", "title"=>"Partial correlation coefficients between mean FA values extracted from clusters that showed significant differences between psychopaths and healthy controls and one sided (p values) uncorrected for multiple comparison.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-08-20 02:09:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1176226"], "description"=>"<p>ATR = anterior thalamic radiation; UNF = uncinate fasciculus; IFOF = Inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neural networks", "neuroimaging", "neuropsychology", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "neurology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "atlas", "coordinates", "clusters", "fa", "psychopathic", "compared"], "article_id"=>777386, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers", "Arash Nazeri", "Danilo R. de Jesus", "Tania Stirpe", "Daniel Felsky", "Dennis J. L. G. Schutter", "Zafiris J. Daskalakis", "Aristotle N. Voineskos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MNI_atlas_coordinates_of_clusters_with_significantly_decreased_FA_values_in_the_psychopathic_group_compared_with_the_control_group_/777386", "title"=>"MNI atlas coordinates of clusters with significantly decreased FA values in the psychopathic group compared with the control group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-08-20 02:09:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1176220"], "description"=>"<p><b>On an MNI brain (grayscale) the white matter skeleton is projected (green), as well as the location of significantly lower FA values in psychopaths as compared with normal controls (red-yellow).</b> Amygdala (light-blue) and thalamic nuclei (copper) derived from Harvard-Oxford subcortical atlas (panel B). At the bottom right Cluster 1 (dark-red), Cluster 2 (dark-blue) and Cluster 3 (pink) are shown (panel C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neural networks", "neuroimaging", "neuropsychology", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "neurology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "shows", "tbss", "anisotropy", "psychopathic", "compared", "controls"], "article_id"=>777380, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers", "Arash Nazeri", "Danilo R. de Jesus", "Tania Stirpe", "Daniel Felsky", "Dennis J. L. G. Schutter", "Zafiris J. Daskalakis", "Aristotle N. Voineskos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Panel_A_shows_TBSS_results_with_decreased_anisotropy_in_psychopathic_group_as_compared_with_normal_controls_P_FWE_lt_0_05_/777380", "title"=>"Panel A shows TBSS results with decreased anisotropy in psychopathic group as compared with normal controls (P<sub>FWE</sub><0.05).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-20 02:09:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1176221"], "description"=>"<p>Scatterplots of the PCL-R subscores-mean FA correlations for <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375#pone-0072375-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a> voxel clusters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neural networks", "neuroimaging", "neuropsychology", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Neuropsychiatric disorders", "psychology", "neurology", "Clinical psychology", "Sociology", "Crime and criminology", "pcl-r", "subscores-mean", "fa", "correlations", "voxel"], "article_id"=>777381, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers", "Arash Nazeri", "Danilo R. de Jesus", "Tania Stirpe", "Daniel Felsky", "Dennis J. L. G. Schutter", "Zafiris J. Daskalakis", "Aristotle N. Voineskos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072375.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatterplots_of_the_PCL_R_subscores_mean_FA_correlations_for_Table_2_voxel_clusters_/777381", "title"=>"Scatterplots of the PCL-R subscores-mean FA correlations for Table 2 voxel clusters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-08-20 02:09:54"}

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Relative Metric

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